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Basic Plot for the Beginning Writer. If, like many people, you labor under the idea that for #34;real#34; writers, plot comes effortlessly, dismiss that illusion now. While some writers were born with a sense of how to tell a story effectively, more of about school essay them do study the elements of plot and pay serious attention to cynthia how other writers successfully construct a narrative. Playwrights have this stuff drilled into them, but fiction writers often get away without basic instruction in what makes something dramatic. About School? It#39;s not magic. Dissertation? The elements of a good story can be studied and school learned. In fact, you#39;ve probably already studied them in your high school literature classes.
It doesn#39;t hurt to review them now, from the perspective of a writer and not a student. They may seem simple, but without them, your other skills as a writer -- your ability to imagine believable characters, your talent with dialogue, your exquisite use of language -- will come to naught. Start, of course, with a protagonist, your main character. Ou Creative Writing? The protagonist must encounter a conflict -- with another character, society, nature, himself, or some combination of essay these things -- and undergo some kind of change as a result. #34;Conflict#34; is also known as the #34;major dramatic question.#34; Gotham Writers#39; Workshop puts it this way in their guide Writing Fiction : The major dramatic question #34;is generally a straightforward yes/no question, one that can be answered by the end of the story.#34; What will happen to application King Lear when he divides up his empire and estranges himself from about school essay, his one faithful daughter? Will Elizabeth Bennet of Jane Austen#39;s Pride and Prejudice get to marry for love, and will she or one of cynthia clopper her sisters marry well enough to save the family from financial humiliation? What sorts of changes do these conflicts bring about? Elizabeth Bennet learns the about school essay, dangers of best persuasive speeches time letting prejudice interfere with judgment.
King Lear acquires humility and school learns to recognize superficiality and sincerity. Report Dissertation? Both are wiser at the end of the story than they were at the beginning, even if this wisdom, in Lear#39;s case, comes at a dear cost. A story will hit various landmarks on its way from the story#39;s beginning to the fulfillment of the about essay, dramatic question. Ou Creative? The introduction presents the characters, the setting, and the central conflict. Involve your protagonist in that conflict as early as possible. Today#39;s readers will generally not wade through pages of exposition to school essay get to the point. Don#39;t make them wonder why they#39;re reading your story or novel.
Hook them in the first page or pages. From there, the character will face various impediments to the achievement of his or her goal. Known as rising action or development , this is report dissertation, part of the story#39;s satisfaction. Readers like to see struggle, like to feel as though the payoff at the end is deserved. Again, Pride and Prejudice provides an excellent example. If Elizabeth Bennet and about school essay Darcy liked each other immediately, and their friends and gmat application family immediately approved, their marriage would be much less satisfying, and nothing much would have been learned along the way, except that it#39;s great to fall in love. Note how other writers build dramatic tension during this part of their narrative.
How do they keep us interested in the outcome of the story? How many impediments are necessary to make the reader feel satisfied at the end? None of these decisions are necessarily easy. Part of your growth as a writer entails developing a feel for school essay a successful story arc. The rising action leads to the climax , the turning point in the story, which in turn leads to the resolution . The central dramatic question is solved one way or another. Peter Selgin provides a good example in his book By Cunning Craft : Climax is the resolution of conflict, the essay, point of no return beyond which the protagonist#39;s fate -- good or bad -- is secured. About? Romeo#39;s suicide is the report, climax. not because it#39;s the most dramatic moment, but because it seals his fate and determines the about school essay, resolution by preventing him and Juliet from ever living happily ever after. In the essay about, denouement , the about school, author ties up all the lose ends.
Elizabeth and Jane Bennet get to live close to each other. Lydia stays far away in the North, where she can#39;t bother them much, and Kitty#39;s better qualities are drawn out by essay about the culture of india, frequent visits to her sisters. Everyone we like lives happily ever after, and in a matter-of-fact three pages or so, we get all the essay, necessary details. Likewise, the denouement for Lear takes only degree, part of one scene: all the players of the main plot die, but under Edgar, England is reunited. First, much successful fiction does not follow these rules exactly. But even works like Virginia Woolf#39;s Mrs. Dalloway, which seem focused more on language than action, introduce dramatic questions to keep us reading. (Will her party come off?
What#39;s up with her and Peter Walsh?) A lot of fiction that doesn#39;t necessarily seem plot-driven turns out, on closer scrutiny, to depend on tried and about school essay true strategies we can trace back (in Western literature, at least) to Aristotle#39;s Poetics . Second, these basic elements may not occur in the order listed above. Try to identify them in your reading. Question why the writer decided to essay about tell the story the way he or she did. About Essay? Note the dramatic decisions. And, of course, think about all of this as you craft your own stories. At the end of the day, something has to happen.
It seems elementary, but it can be quite complicated. Research? By all means, experiment, but spend some time on the basics, too.
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However, increasing the lever arm beyond the axle doesn't necessarily mean it increases the pulling distance. All it really does is increase the about mass of the vehicle. Aways remember that the lever arm must not be longer than the car. 7 Supernatural (Sam Winchester) Essay. Report! blood to gain powers. Ruby became his companion he actually protected her when Dean wanted to kill her. Sam sort of about school essay, had an eye for demons because of the demon blood in him. Supernatural is a great movie to watch and dissertation you will love watching Sam Winchester, he is not only a killer but smart too. Watch Supernatural and you will find out just what I know about Sam and the things he goes trough we are now on Season 7. Reference shows/supernatural/about. (n.d.).
Retrieved from cwtv.com. wiki/Sam_Winchester Analyse of the Royal Theatre of Winchester Essay. Since the theatre of school, Winchester is a local charity theatre, and by concentrating on its local aspects it attracts customers who don’t want to pay higher ticket prices and are unwilling to travel a long way to attend bigger theatres. Initial analysis shows that the Royal Theatre of persuasive of all time, Winchesters external competition has a significant influence on the market. About Essay! In the last few years it has been an degree increased number of cable and satellite TV, as well as other entertainment products appearing in UK households The Government Must Restrict the school essay Availability of Assault Rifles. self-preservation can be acceptable, but if one is unarmed, this option is impossible. Ou Creative! Some Americans depend on firearms as both a means of support and for about school economic reasons. Americans in under developed areas, such as Appalachia or Alaska, depend on bolt-action rifles and/or revolvers to hunt or kill as a means of protection from wild animals or sustenance. According to Elly Snow, hunting is a practice that has been around for thousands of years and is sometimes the speeches of all time only way to about, get meat. Dissertation! Hunting is one way Strict Liability Action V. Negligence Action Essay. There are limitations on strict liability action when it comes to about school, the types of best speeches of all time, activities where the risk involved substantially overweighs the benefit.
When it comes down to about, it negligence actions are actions that, if reasonable care is taken, could be avoided and in about the culture, strict liability actions it is injury caused by about school essay, a person’s engagement in gmat, an abnormally dangerous activity. Basically in about essay, strict liability the tortfeasor takes all precautions possible but injury is still sustained by the plaintiff. inadequacy of some recent “models “for a socialist market economy depend largely on his view of capital. Yet we shall not follow the method Professor Knight adopted ten years ago. Unable though we are to take the writing reader on an extensive tour of the palace and to show him every part of the building, it seems to us wrong to school, confine our inspection to the basement. Writing Degree! The wide vistas to be gained from some of the windows on essay the upper floors are too enchanting for that. Human Action is, of course, far more assumptions | | | 1 Contract | Careful delineation of written contracts | Aim to go ‘beyond contract’ | 2 Rules | Importance of devising clear rules/ mutuality | ‘Can- do’ outlook; impatience with ‘rule’ | 3 Guide to management action | Procedures | ‘Business need’ | 4 Behaviour referent | Norms/ custom and practice | Values/mission | 5 Managerial Task vis a vis labour | Monitoring | Nurturing | 6 Nature of relations | Pluralist | Unitarist | 7 Conflict 1960s, Barbie and Action Man have been at the forefront of toy popularity indices. Best Of All! Not only have they topped sales chart, they have also become symbolic toys for our generation.
On the other hand, alternative toys like “Happy to be me Doll” and “Adventurer”, both variants of Barbie and Action Man, have not met the level of popularity achieved by their predecessors (Attfield, 1996). This is largely because children simply love the ready-made characteristics of Barbie and about school essay Action Man. This could mean Models of Individual Behavior Essay. Reasoned Action. 21 Figure 1.8: Theory of cynthia clopper dissertation, Planned Behaviour.
22 Figure 1.9: Theory of Trying . 27 Figure 1.10: Model of about school, Goal-Directed Behaviour. 28 1 of 33 Jeff Bray Consumer Behaviour Theory: Approaches and Models Consumer
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essays new york The sun shone brightly on an unusually warm January day as tens of thousands of people circled around the Washington monument, chanting slogans, listening to about, celebrity speeches and waving colorful banners and signs. I had been given an assignment to cover the anti-war protest in Washington, D.C. for my university?s newspaper, and after a six hour bus ride my roommates Claire, Amy and I, raised in London, Long Island and Oklahoma respectively, were in the thick of our first real protest. While the Vietnam-seasoned, longhaired protestors we made friends with on gmat application, the bus ride were excellent interviews, my real story turned out to be the school, relative lack of cynthia clopper dissertation any younger rabble-rousers ? namely, my fellow classmates. School Essay! The three of us saw no other students from our own university on the day of the protest; we later heard a few graduate students had caught a train down to D.C. to speeches of all, join the throngs. All told, less than a dozen of our classmates attended a national protest a relatively short distance away from their own campus. For a university noted for its legacy of political involvement and with a current stranglehold on the American presidency, it was a pathetic turnout. The political apathy of today?s college-aged generation is hardly an untold story. Few can pinpoint an exact reason for the lack of passion, but there are many possible culprits. Raised in an age rife with cynical, dishonest politicians from school both parties, today?s co-eds may have lost hope in the viability of an effective, well-functioning government.
Or perhaps they are distracted by the overwhelming and everyday-increasing pressures of a teen culture obsessed with bling, threads, and hot rides. No one can blame modern universities for failing to awaken the political passions of best persuasive speeches of all time their students; professors are up against about school essay, some formidable foes. But what colleges can provide, and why they matter critically in today?s uncertain age, is that brief window of writing unlimited opportunity that once seemed to be the birthright of every American, college-aged or not. With the gap between the poor and school essay, the wealthy getting wider every day, and upward social mobility becoming more a thing of the past than a realizable future for most, colleges preserve the promise of the American dream: that everyone, everywhere, can achieve anything, armed with only the willingness to work hard. The opportunity comes, at first glance, in seemingly superficial form: the chance to become a part of a dancing troupe as a freshman, for instance, with no previous dance experience. Or perhaps joining the school newspaper on a whim without any demonstrated talent for journalism. But the diversity of college campuses, filled with students with a wide variety of interests, combined with the deep pockets of those universities with competent investment officers on their payrolls, creates the chance for every driven student to essay the culture, discover her hidden talents or develop ignored skills. Many of about school essay these students come from under-funded public schools where fine arts programs were an afterthought, and owl, many will go on essay, to standard, somewhat boring jobs. Those four short years of college present a concentrated realizing of potential that few other places or experiences could hope to match.
Take my own friends, for instance. One girl designed and sewed her own clothes, then collaborated with other designers and the campus fashion magazine for a spring fashion show, free to students. One guy I know is spending his summer at a university-affiliated institute where he?ll get a chance to report dissertation, have his business ideas developed, funded and supported by the college. Another, a lanky white dude from Idaho, spent the better part of the fall semester writing, composing and recording his own hip-hop songs. About Essay! Using the moniker MC Matador, he has collaborated with other student artists, recorded enough songs to press a CD, performed at a professor?s house and found a small but devoted following in our campus body.
I doubt he?ll have this kind of chance again. After graduating and essay application, getting a real job, he might find his creativity sapped from school essay too many nights spent balancing the checkbook, or he just simply might be too busy to essay of india, find a perfect rhyme for about school essay ?masking tape.? Shortly blessed with the incalculable luxury of free time, in a place where others are eager to listen to his music, give criticism, and appreciate the final product, he has flourished. Of course, college can often seem like a full-time job itself, with just as much time spent fulfilling course requirements, worrying about the future, dealing with financial pressures and jumping through hoops as in a near-utopia of creative expression. But that expression is real and not an ideal as it is in the post-college world. For four years, today?s American college students are perched on an enviable loft from which they can imagine and realize some of their most quirky and otherwise unreachable visions. Gmat Application! For citizens coming of age in an era when idealism is becoming harder and harder to muster, these years are precious and irreplaceable. So I would have to disagree with Rick Perlstein?s contention that most college students today face four culturally bleak years more akin to a bait-and-switch than a fruitful partnership between the school essay, university and the student. For their part, colleges must work to preserve and improve upon their identity as the place where this kind of expression can happen.
Through establishing easily accessible, unrestricted funds that students can use for materials, venues or anything else, universities can give students the financial freedom so difficult to clopper dissertation, secure after graduation. By encouraging an environment where artists and students feel comfortable in letting out essay their ideas, university administrators create an alternative to the world outside college gates, where innovations can be lost, treated with contempt or buried under an avalanche of indifference. While today?s colleges and universities can only occasionally claim to have galvanized a student politically, they still rule unquestionably as the locale for intellectual and creative development. The country?s twenty year-olds need that fleeting chance to crystallize their capabilities and ambitions, and college?s importance comes from best speeches being the one entity that can provide it. The riotous demonstrations staged at about, People’s Park during the social turmoil of the writing, late sixties exist nowadays only about school essay as ghosts of raucous students fighting armored police in the imaginations of students walking to class at the University of about the culture of india California, Berkeley. The eerie sense of harmony you get walking through what was once a cultural war zone of mythological proportions betrays the reality that college isn’t the tumultuous, surreal experience it used to be. The baby boomers say we’re missing out.
Some go as far as saying we aren’t getting our money’s worth. I couldn’t disagree more. Education has become more relevant because we’ve developed a blueprint for college by clearly establishing what college is not. It is not the first of a lifetime of steps on the illustrious golden staircase towards knowledge and self understanding. I refer the hounds hot on the trail of enlightenment to go chase their own tails at a monastery or local library. Or perhaps the windmill fields of about school La Mancha. A simple reductio ad absurdum will demonstrate that college can have no interest in essay gmat, Socratic ideals and serve its purpose for society. Send a bright, talented kid off to about, school and fill his head with philosophical drivel from Hammurabi to William James. Make sure to nourish the development of an individual, not the essay gmat, hammering of a social cog. Provide the best art, concerts, and theater to stimulate and expand his mind. In short, take four years and cultivate someone who’s worldly and erudite.
He’s read all the classics and about essay, recites Shakespeare from memory, but more essentially, he’s on his way to finding himself. Until he realizes “finding himself” is like trying to swallow his own tail. He spends his whole life chasing an best speeches time ideal that’s always escaping him. Meanwhile, he isn’t equipped with any tools he can use to provide for himself within the construct of his society. His market value is essentially nil. Fortunately, American ideals remind us of the de facto function of college and conscientious students won’t get left peeking down the rabbit hole. The clever ones flock to business, the meat and potatoes of higher education.
Up to a quarter of undergraduates are synchronizing their futures with the engine that drives American economy and society. Essay! On the other side of application campus, notoriously narcissistic professors lecture to the echo of their own voice and a chorus of crickets in half empty – or half full, for you idealists – philosophy classrooms. School Essay! And why should students martyr themselves laboring through The Apology, Poetics, or The Prince and not harmonize their career choice with the greater goals of the nation at large? The choice is dissertation a no-brainer if we recognize that college is, first and school, foremost, preparation for a professional career. Today’s student can’t afford to cynthia, dawdle in essay, a hot-boxed room listening to “Castles Made of Sand” and fantasizing about a revolution.
The most prestigious job and ou creative degree, postgraduate degree opportunities are highly competitive. Many psychology undergraduates are publishing work through professional journals or national conferences before they can even spell Freud. Being prudent, they know that when Graduate Admissions looks over their application, they’ll want to see production. All the applicants have intellectual merits. The ones who eventually get in will leave no doubt that the University’s six-figure investment in them as a PhD candidate will pay off with prestigious publications. It’s easy to see with the demands being placed on students nowadays why the half-baked new age philosophers have been washed away by classic Darwinian selection. Today’s winners are practical and market-savvy.
They apply a shrewd awareness of school essay their abilities relative to a fluctuating job market to amplify their market value. They are the ones out building resumes and not collecting dust in essay about the culture, their dorm rooms. They’ll be the ones with high-paying jobs and postgraduate fellowships lined up when commencement comes around. Essay! Elite students are conditioned to respond with economic savoir faire for a reason. College is an enormous monetary investment for the American people and application, it follows logically that the education of our youth is school essay as important as it’s ever been to American society. With so much at stake, students must proceed with gravity. There isn’t time to diddle-daddle on witch hunts after elusive virtues like sophistication and self-mastery. Today, that time can be spent deliberating over which essay on fastweb.com offers the most scholarship money for the least time investment. Essay! The contemporary mind is far too clever to dispense intellectual property without asking a price, and about, it can laugh all the way to dissertation, the bank while drafting essays on The Fountainhead or Atlas Shrugged by about school Ayn Rand, the philosopher’s philosopher. Research Paper! Plato and Aristotle – even Machiavelli – could have learned a thing or two from her.
In the school, spirit of Rand, students today learn to secure their own self interests by building the credentials. The specialized training required for cynthia clopper many professions has become so esoteric that traditional global education requirements often get swept under the rug so that students are more professionally polished and career-ready when they graduate. By maintaining focus and being conscientious of practical goals, students go a long way towards giving themselves a chance in a competitive work force. What good would society be if it didn’t employ a few devices to keep students from tottering on about, the path to success? The grace period on report, those federal loans will be up in no time, so anyone who didn’t have luck on fastweb.com better get off their rump and find a job. About School! Mom and dad aren’t going to come up with money for tuition, groceries, and College Thursdays at Joey’s. Besides, meaningless part-time work prepares students for the future and about the culture of india, keeps them on their toes. Formal training and higher education are far too important to about school essay, be pampering students through their university studies.
We need students who are tough enough to report, handle the transition period from college student to working professional where only a handful will be rewarded with the job they spent their university years working towards. Those not up to the challenge of building a competitive enough resume should at least show the maturity to understand it is their civic duty (unless they would have education cut into the national defense budget) to carry the school essay, financial burden of university and not gripe about the status quo. If the realities facing contemporary students seem a little harsh, it’s only because we know they can handle it. Maybe it would be ideal if we could spend college abstracting over whether virtue can be taught or the dissertation, nature of essay justice without having to worry about practical considerations. Aside from the essay gmat application, obvious consequence that our entire infrastructure would be famished at want for working professionals, consider that the fruits of the about essay, toil and trouble of four years of intensive education would be a generation of 22-year-olds whose have no greater claim to wisdom than “all I know is that I know nothing at all”. For my money, I’ll take what we’re producing now.
The contemporary student’s got at least one up on the ancient sage. Because there’s at least one thing that he knows beyond doubt: the value of an education. Not too long ago, Rick Perlstein assures us, universities in the culture of india, this country had a certain cultural and political cachet. In California, the public university system was at the heart of the 1966 governor’s race. The campuses had a “centrality.” They were a “national obsession.” Today’s kids, he somberly informs us, barely match up. We are alternatively too enmeshed in the market or too infantilized. About School! We have been measured and essay the culture of india, we have come up lacking.
I have only one response: Have you really looked at us? I have spent three years now as an undergraduate at the University of school essay California Berkeley. I march. I write letters and petitions and register voters. I haunt the local coffee shops. I even make it to writing degree, lecture every once and a while. The funny part is that I have never actually been to Rick Perlstein’s UC Berkeley. I mean, I have never set foot in that home of hippies and capital of counterculture that occupies a focal point in school, the national imagination and surfaces here and there in the media.
It doesn’t exist anymore. And I’m not sure it ever did in the way that many like to imagine it did. I think that the best way, the essay the culture of india, only way really, to see how college is still relevant to our political and cultural life is to take off the rose colored glasses and take a look at how it is today. About School! It’s really not so bad. Perlstein is right on one point: college did “[represent] a break, sometimes a radical one” from life before. But for my peers and for me, it still does. The greatest impediment to our freedom is the ossified, though well-meaning, expectations of our older counterparts. We cannot speak in our own voices if we are constantly drowned out by a chorus of expectations no group could meet.
One cannot expect us to shout the same slogans in the same voices under the same banners. The best gift that anyone who cares about my generation could give to us is the space to create our own identities and to find our own causes. That is writing not to say that my generation cannot and does not learn from our parents and their accomplishments. We are not about to turn back the about school, liberation of minorities and best of all time, women or to reenact oppressive cultural mores. We sing many of the same songs and wear many of the same clothes. School! I even went to speeches, a party once with honest-to-goodness flowers in my hair. Civil rights and the Beatles aren’t going anywhere under our watch. To our detriment, my generation is shaping up to be a technically connected but humanly adrift group. Close friends of about essay mine prefer to shutter themselves inside a warm, glowing solipsism. And many of us gravitate towards lucrative rather than revolutionary careers.
But every generation has disaffected or materialistic members. We are no different on these counts. I see, at minimum, the following positive signs. First, innovations in computer and the culture, communications technology have lowered barriers to effective political organizing and debate. Street theater may be out, but YouTube is in. For example, my campus is about school essay home to paper owl, numerous politically inclined blogs, written by undergraduates, graduate students, and even professors. They are home to a lively and about school essay, sharp-elbowed political discourse. Online communication makes it easier than ever to mobilize the student body. When leaders of our student government pursued an ou creative writing unpopular agenda last fall, the primary vehicle for school counter-mobilization was Facebook, an online networking site. Second, we do not lack for concrete, local political action on campus. Our political spectrum is wide, ranging from the Republicans to the Socialists and everything in between.
Just this year, students fought for a wage increase for the universities poorly-paid janitors. Last spring, the student body passed a referendum establishing the Green Initiative Fund, a grant program that will provide $200,000 a year to campus environmental projects. The campaign to enact the program was led by students. Ten years after California outlawed affirmative action in college admissions, the campus continues to essay application, debate about the about school, place of race in higher education and the mission of the owl, university. About Essay! In the past two years alone, groups on campus have hosted Former President Jimmy Carter, Presidential hopeful John Edwards, and paper, both of the two Democratic contenders for about essay the Governor of research paper California. When President Carter came to campus, tickets to his speech, which was held in about school essay, the largest auditorium on campus, were snapped up within the morning they became available. Finally, it is on this campus that I “watched my first independent movie, read my first banned book, and research, meet freaks like [myself].” On a whim one night, two friends and I walked in to see Jean-Luc Goddard’s Pierre Le Fou.
I went in knowing nothing; I walked out with a new favorite director. At the age of 20, and friend and I talked our way into a food importers convention in essay, San Francisco without paying and spent the night drinking free cocktails with trade representatives from the dissertation, European Union. The late night bull session is about essay hardly an endangered species–I once spent an hour debating the philosophers Ludwig Wittgenstein’s theory of concepts with a friend from report dissertation India, and at least a day debating the relative merits of the various live Rolling Stones tracks with a friend from Los Angeles. My campus hosts a student-run newspaper, radio station, television stations, and numerous journals and magazines. Essay! Within walking distance or a free bus ride from campus, you can go to poetry slams, independent cinema, the best food in the world, live music beautiful hiking trails in the hills, and blessedly cheap bars. It is almost difficult not to take a class from an expert in cynthia clopper, the field. School! Last semester, for example, the Political Science department alone offered classes from report two former statewide elected officials and one national pollster. Three recently graduated friends of mine are now working paid jobs for about Presidential candidates in best persuasive of all time, battleground states.
I think all of these elements are comparable to school, anyone’s college experience at any time. My school– and colleges in general– may not be the subject of a “national obsession” anymore. But if that is owl true, it elucidates merely the transitory nature of school essay obsession, not the character of the essay application, university experience. If one allows a benign nostalgia to color one’s gaze, one should not be surprised that college doesn’t measure up. But, one ought to be able to accept the about, present on its own terms, and be able to look at what exists without preconceptions.
There is good here and there is application bad here. My university is hardly perfect. It is relevant on some counts and about essay, not on cynthia, others. But it wasn’t perfect when anyone else was here, and about, it won’t be when the next generation shows up. Persuasive Speeches! Our student life is thriving, and though our political and cultural relevance may be different than it was, it is hardly any worse. I invite everyone to look at about school, UC Berkeley not as some nebulous cultural signifier, but as it really is.
And the essay the culture, same goes for me and my peers. School Essay! We’re really not so bad once you get to know us. College mattered in paper owl, 1945 when I enrolled in a state college in Pennsylvania that was predominately black. The Quakers had founded the school for “Negro” youths in the early 19th century for teaching manual trades and school essay, homemaking. Later in the 20th century it became a training school, a state normal school, a teacher’s college, and finally a university. College mattered because of the realization that education was my way to avoid the jobs that were open to women of color at that time; domestic work.
Not that those were jobs to be looked down upon, but the salaries were not appealing and the work was hard. Report! I was not even encouraged to pursue the commercial course in high school, because there were very few, if any, office jobs available. I answered an ad in high school which stated that a girl was needed to post results on a blackboard for a brokerage firm. The requirements were that she be tall and have legible handwriting. School Essay! I met those qualifications so I applied, only to be told that they would not hire a “colored” girl. Ou Creative! During World War II there were clerical jobs in the defense plants where I worked the summer following graduation from high school. Still my choices were limited in choosing a career. Being practical, it was going to be teaching or nursing. The fields of law and medicine were going to require more money than my parents could afford. And then they were fields that women, let along black women, were not entering in large numbers. College mattered because if would afford me a means of earning a living.
I decided to enter the essay, teaching profession. It was an honorable profession that commanded respect. There were teaching jobs to be had in “colored” schools in the north and south. College still matters to me so I returned at the age of seventy-six to continue learning. Writing had always been a hobby so I decided to enter a professional writing program so that I could improve my writing skills and learn to “write right.”
When I was in college in the 1940s we did not engage in protests or civil disobedience. Ou Creative! There were rules and we followed them. The women on campus were not allowed to wear pants (slacks) and jeans were completely out of the question. School! We presented a petition to the administration and they relented and allowed us to wear slacks on Saturdays. Lots of report emphasis was placed on lady-like and gentlemanly behavior. There were formal dances with receiving lines, white gloved teas, and concerts. Attendance at chapel, Sunday school and vespers was mandatory. Ladies did not smoke in public and smoking was only school essay permitted in the smoking lounge in research, each dormitory.
Teachers were referred to about essay, by a title and their last name. We were called Miss or Mr. by our instructors. It would have never occurred to me to call any one of our teachers by their first name. Old habits die hard. I am still not able to call my teachers by ou creative writing degree their first names even though I am twice their age. One of about school essay my professors in the 1940s always spoke of the “eternal verities.” Those were the truths that never changed. I still think of degree those things that I learned as lasting and about school essay, truthful. Truthfulness, respect, kindness, a love of learning should not go out of style in the 21st century.
I’m not sure that my classmates today believe that college matters for the same reasons that I did. They are bright, very literate and report, most are hard working. But, is college a preparation for life or a preparation for a well paying job. This is not to say that a job, money, and about school, earning a living are not important, but I would like to essay gmat, think that it is preparing them for about essay the. rest of about of india their life with the useful things that they have learned in college. College matters even more to those minority students who are not going to college and have no plans for essay further education after high school. Having a college education still opens the report, doors to respectability and essay, a means of earning a living. It also allows one to make a contribution to society. Best Persuasive Of All! There are many more career choices than when I first attended college.
My perceived job choices were nursing or teaching, but now the choices are almost limitless. College allows us to live away from home and make decisions on our own. About! Hopefully those will be wise decisions. It gives us the chance to report, learn from mistakes that we might make so that we don’t make the same mistakes again. College gives us the opportunity to grow into adulthood using the lessons taught at home and the implementation of them in the real world.
College gives us the opportunity to about school essay, live among all types of students; to speeches, accept their differences and appreciate their strengths and talents. College is school essay a microcosm of society. Prior to attending college we have had contact with people who are just like us; who believe as we do. In college we will meet people from speeches all over the United States and about essay, if we’re lucky, the world. This is dissertation a broadening experience that may not be possible any place but college. College matters. In 1945 it prepared me for a career in teaching. It allowed me to pursue a job that I enjoyed for thirty-seven years.
I felt that I did make a contribution to society. It is gratifying to see former students who remind me of something we did together that shaped their lives. College matters in 2007. I have learned so many more things. I have read books that I would not have otherwise read. I have associated with younger students and been exposed to their thinking.
We have learned from each other. At the end of about school last semester, one of the. students told me how much she had enjoyed sharing a class with me and that she appreciated my input. College matters because it’s part of best persuasive speeches our coming of age process; even those of about school essay use who come of age in our seventies. What’s the Matter with High School? By any measure, I am an “organization kid,” the term coined by David Brooks to represent the current generation of elite college students, the group of young people that college-nostalgic, hippie-loving people like Rick Perlstein love to hate.
This essay is dedicated to an unlucky generation of students, chastised for being more polite, less rebellious, and less curious than their parents, and misunderstood by almost everyone else — including Mr. Perlstein. I didn’t write this essay to contest Perlstein’s assertion that the American college campus has lost its political and cultural centrality; the essay the culture, college experience is less critical to the nation than it was a generation ago. What I did intend to essay, do is explain to the shapers of higher education — and anyone who cares about the paper owl, future of this country for that matter — why the students of today’s elite colleges don’t care anymore. As an undergraduate at school essay, an elite university, a self-professed “organization kid,” and about the culture, a student who has watched her lust for academia and intellectual inquiry come and go, I urge the educational leaders of this country to take a closer look at the college admissions process as it currently operates. Since I know the story of my own academic evolution — and demise — better than anyone else’s, I’d like to essay, make my case by sharing it. Every day of my high school career, I commuted from my home in Ridgewood, New Jersey to the prestigious Fieldston School in Riverdale, New York in order to broaden my intellectual and cultural horizons.
At Fieldston, I packed my schedule with courses of only the highest degree of rigor, filled my after-school hours with a plethora of enriching extracurricular activities, and, through two self-initiated fundraisers, managed to establish a school-wide reputation for myself as “the Darfur girl.” The events of my school day proceeded as follows: wake up at 6:15 a.m., get on the bus at 6:45, arrive at school between 8:05 and 8:15, go to morning classes, where I’d offer thoughtful interpretations of English books and history events to my peers during lofty, hyper-intellectual roundtable discussions, eat lunch, test my abilities to heighten scholarly levels in the classroom once again during afternoon courses, go to tennis, track, or theatre practice, board the bus home at 6:15 p.m., eat dinner, do my homework, and finally, call it a day at cynthia clopper dissertation, midnight — give or take 30 minutes — depending on whether a late night I.M. conversation was captivating enough to quiet the sweet, sweet lure of bed almighty. And, save the brutal morning commute over the George Washington Bridge, I loved it. Every day was a rush of intellectual, cultural, and social excitement. Teachers and peers alike challenged and encouraged me to be my best. What a privilege — and how exciting — to be a member of a community that believed in my infinite potential! Then came the college admissions process. SAT’s, teacher recommendations, personal statements, supplemental essays, meetings with college counselors, e-mails, letters, and phone calls to admissions representatives. Essay! And with that, Fieldston’s proud philosophy on education — as a means unto itself rather than a means to an end — fell flat on its face. Who were we kidding?
It was a race. Ou Creative! A big, fat, stinking race. School Essay! Like just about everyone else, I became obsessed with college — to the point that the sagacity of almost every decision I made came down to a single question: How would this look on research, my college resume? I ran myself ragged. Entering senior year fresh and rejuvenated from a life-inspiring trip to about essay, Israel, I grew to become self-absorbed, irritable, and intellectually aloof throughout the first semester. Ou Creative! Every paper or test I got back had to be at least an A minus, every word of my college essay had to be thoughtful at worst, brilliant at best, and every move I made in this all-consuming “college process” had to be smart, strategic, and above all, secretive — god forbid one of my classmates should steal my place at an institution of about school essay choice. Then came the first of cynthia clopper January, that beautiful day when all my applications were submitted and the whole to-do was out of my hands at last. The college admissions process might have promised to school essay, leave me in peace for the rest of the year, but the emotional repercussions of having navigated it so meticulously were not nearly as forgiving. I was burnt out, and I was disenchanted with the Fieldston idea of learning for research learning. It was a farce — a promise so shamefully incompatible with the bitter reality of competition and self-promotion — and I was angry at Fieldston for having the audacity to drape its “ethical” cloak around my shoulders and about school, hide me in some kind of happy, intellectual cocoon.
I didn’t care anymore to theorize about the importance of symbolism in Virginia Woolf or the persuasive speeches of all, prospects of peace in the Middle East, and I certainly didn’t care to hear what the person sitting next to essay, me had to say on either topic. Thankfully for me, there was a good chance that the person sitting next to me was suffering from gmat application a similar intellectual exhaustion and about school, didn’t care to comment seriously or intelligently anyway. Never again, I swore to myself, would I work so hard. And never again would I care. The second resolution is more troublesome than the first. The first, in fact, reflects a natural response to report, unnatural conditions; the demands of the college admissions process far exceed the emotional capacity of even the brightest, most mature 17-year-old student. It is the second resolution — to bask in stubborn apathy — that prompted Perlstein to write “What’s the Matter with College?” Certainly, it’s a phenomenon that deserves the kind of attention that Perlstein hopes to inspire.
Only he’s asking the wrong question, and he’s sympathizing with the wrong people. As anyone familiar with organizational behavior knows, it is school a widely-accepted theory that any one department can exhibit the symptoms of a problem that involves multiple players. The American college campus may be bearing the brunt of the symptoms, but those looking to remedy the problem would be naive to start there. Perlstein would be better served by challenging not the American college campus but instead the toxic high school experience that spawns it. The question, “What’s the matter with college,” invites Perlstein’s unconstructive description of the conditions; “What’s the matter with high school” properly redirects the investigation to the source.
Perlstein is also misguided in clopper, sympathizing with today’s “creative searchers,” as he calls them, students stifled by their anti-intellectual, conformist college environments, their only fault having been born a generation too late. School Essay! (Poor things!) But what about their “uncreative” counterparts, like me, who have lost their desire to think altogether? The interested turned indifferent, the best of all, loving turned lazy, the thinkers turned drinkers? What about the rest of us? The Fieldston ideal has been squelched in its tracks, and a new reality has risen in about, its stead. I implore the shapers of higher education in this country to revisit the research paper owl, values on which our educational system is essay based. Are we promoting intellectual enlightenment, or are we draining it?
Is this a system that delivers? And can you bring me back? Today’s bookstores are divided into neat subject headings: architecture, world history, mathematics, science, SAT prep… Glance at report, a bookstore’s legion of standardized test review books, and you’ll be confronted with just how essential college is to today’s society. But as noted author Rick Perlstein observes in his article “What’s the essay, Matter With College?” for all the supposed importance of campus life, it attracts surprisingly little attention these days, especially when compared to its salience in ou creative, the Sixties and about school essay, Seventies. This inevitably begs the question: “Does college still interest America?” The short answer is no. At present, college is writing degree vitally important; it is also utterly uninteresting. School Essay! The constellation of reasons for this shift will be made clear presently, suffice it to say that the college scene has dramatically morphed since the persuasive time, Sixties and about, Seventies. Clopper! The take home message, though, is that college is still poised to play an about important role in society. In order to realize why college is no longer the apple of the nation’s eye, we have to understand why it was interesting in the first place. College was a phenomenon in the Sixties and Seventies because mainstream college education was itself a phenomenon – student enrollment quadrupled between 1946 and 1970.
Administrators were forced to cope with the deluge of students pouring into their universities; society was forced to cynthia clopper dissertation, respond to the protests of those seething cisterns of students. The situation was without precedent. Precedent is one of the keystones that distinguish contemporary college students from those of school forty years ago. Today, the dissertation, majority of students who attend a four year institution have at least one parent who has graduated college. In 1967, only 17% of college students were the school, children of college grads. Repeated studies by the Department of Education show deep and dissertation, abiding differences in the habits and goals of first generation college students versus their peers. First generation students clash more with college convention, a phenomenon researchers describe as a process of “integration and cultural transformation”. Of course, in the Sixties, when first generation college students were omnipresent, this “cultural transformation” was drastically exacerbated. Now we are acquainted with the principal actors of the Sixties: the throng of students, wild with their unaccustomed liberty, their parents, straight-laced, down to earth, and utterly ignorant about college, and the college institutions themselves, flush with their new prominence in society and school, flush from the effort of administering the degree, bloated college population. School! However, we have yet to cynthia dissertation, set the essay, scene. But in clopper, reality, we already know it: the civil rights movement, the Feminist revolution, and the Vietnam War were all famous backdrops for the student activism of those years.
Our work is finished. But what of the script? To quote the about school, producer of any of this summer’s blockbusters, “the script will write itself”. The script is an inescapable product of the characters we have already depicted. Who could doubt that once the research owl, draft was instituted, there would be anti-war protests on college campuses across the nation? When first generation college students were told by liberal-minded professors to critique the world, is it surprising that the ranks of the civil rights movement and about school, feminist revolution were bolstered by college students? Speaking as a college student, I am well aware that by and large we are an egotistical lot. As an age group, our accomplishments include voting less and drunk driving more than any other group; we are irresponsible even when sober, as our insurance premiums attest.
Our reckless egotism, though, serves to make us more predictable. Protests during the Vietnam War began rapidly after the draft was instituted. Participation in progressive movements like civil rights were admittedly beneficial, but considering the glowing nostalgia that former protesters hold today, it begs the question of whether the dedication of persuasive speeches time protesters was to civil rights, or simple revelry. Today’s college scene is different, but the protagonist, the American college student, remains largely unchanged. Perlstein presses upon us two tidy archetypes of today’s student: the suppressed creative and the perky overachiever. I claim that we need only about essay one: the about the culture, egotist.
Part of the rampant egotism of school students today manifests itself in the reasons that students go to college. Cynthia! Some of these reasons are financial. In 1980, a college education increased a worker’s wage by a mere 19%. In 2005 this figure widened to a yawning 64% chasm. Today, upward social mobility is predicated on a college degree. Seeking a college degree no longer implies a search for heady intellectualism. More likely, it suggests a search for a good career.
Perhaps then, we have a partial explanation as to why Perlstein senses the “saturation of higher education with market thinking” (apart from the fact that he is interviewing students at a university known specifically for its slant towards economics). “Market thinking” suggests the underlying motivation of some students to grow in earning power at least as much as they grow in intellectual power. Assuming that the egotism of the about, American college student is unchanged, how does this translate to the status shift of application college in our society? While it’s true that contemporary college life no longer boasts the wild revelry that once characterized collegiate counterculture, this might be a sign of heath, not a symptom of disease. The delirium of the Sixties and about school, Seventies might have been just that – a fever. In contrast, the sangfroid of college students today suggests a reassuring comparison to the past. The Iraq War may be considered a catastrophe, but it has failed to report dissertation, inspire the fervor of the Vietnam War. Racism may still permeate America, but to an insufficient degree to rouse the slumbering college students the way the civil rights movement did. College students sleep until high noon – physically and politically. Essay! The apathy students ooze reflects that our society has cooled from the heated days of race riots and paper, war protests.
From this perspective, college may serve as a powerful measure of the tumult in society. Students are kept in a controlled environment and fed academic stimuli that haven’t changed substantially in decades. About School! Perhaps they are the best indicator as to how society changes. In David Brooks’ article “The Organization Kid Revisited”, he observed a steep spike in the political interests of students after 9/11. Indifference was shucked off when the situation reached a sufficient pitch. While this enhanced level of essay interest didn’t really translate to higher levels of participation in the 2004 election, a recent Times poll seems to essay, suggest that the levels of political engagement are rising. Report! Ask any 2008 presidential candidate whether college matters. Or better yet, send them a facebook message. Of course colleges aren’t the same as they were in the late 60’s, if they were they would truly be dead–anything that can exist that long without change defies the school essay, definition of a living organism.
While today there’s not the generation gap and related social turmoil of the late 60’s, college today remains an engaging experience–and one that still affects self development. Perlstein’s suggestion that college today is ou creative writing degree a lesser experience misses the mark. College today is different, but not less. Essay! It’s different because society is different. Understanding the lack of dissertation a generation gap is essential to understanding why the college experience is different today than it was for those in the late 60’s… The big cultural divide happened when parents in the late 60’s, who came of age in the 50’s, were jolted by cultural changes which they couldn’t relate to: boys with long hair, sex being OK (even for girls), kids taking drugs, rock stars replacing sports stars, The Beatles replacing Frank Sinatra, kids forsaking traditional religion for about school eastern philosophies. All of which was earth shattering for those who came of age in research owl, the 50’s; it was a total bombardment of their cultural references. Compare that to subsequent generations, where rock music-listening-and-drug-taking kids grow up and about, become parents of rock music-listening-drug-taking-kids. Persuasive Of All Time! Where’s the cultural shock? There isn’t one.
That might explain, at least in part, why those subsequent generations had nothing to revolt against in college–they and their parents shared the same culture. I’m 52 years old, attending college full time and school essay, the lack of best time a generation gap between me and my twenty-something year-old classmates is striking. I had concerns about returning to college, among them wondering how I was going to essay, adjust to being around people so much younger than me. But you know what? For the most part those concerns were unfounded. Time! I mean was it awkward at first? Yes, of course, but not at all to about essay, the extent I had worried about–it didn’t seem to dissertation, be a strained mix, especially at my college. At Evergreen State College (in Washington State) the 20 year-old’s dress and listen to the same music as I did in high school. I realize that may be an about school anomaly, but it’s just another example of the lack of a real cultural gap. I mean, for instance, can you imagine a person who graduated high school in of india, the 50’s going back to school essay, college after, say, 1967?
Would they see anything there they could culturally relate to? No. Everything from hair styles, music, to cynthia dissertation, politics would be worlds apart from where they came from. About School Essay! But that’s not the case for research owl those who came of about school age in the late 60’s and subsequent years. I don’t think the lack of a generation gap makes college a lesser experience.
At Evergreen Stage College learning in itself is stressed, not simply preparing for the market place, as Pearlstein points out. The feedback I get from students at Evergreen is that they are there to engage in the act of learning for its own reasons. My observation is that students are not experiencing college as some kind of clopper dissertation intermediate wasteland where they benignly drudge through it until they get thrown into about school essay, the market place. Cynthia Dissertation! I see people who are engaged in learning and who are there to prepare for life in school, ways other than just getting their degree and entering the job market. I don’t think the education I’m getting at Evergreen is less because there are no violent demonstrations or people burning down buildings on campus. And I don’t think it’s true there must be a cultural crisis, and related turmoil, in order for college students–young or old–to benefit from a college education. “Education” should be the key word, that should be your focus as a college student–if you put in the time and energy to do it seriously you won’t have time to stay up all night pondering whether or not your education is ou creative suffering because you’re not coming off age in about school essay, the mist of a cultural crisis.
Most of us claim to believe in change–that it’s a good and necessary part of life–but we want it on our own terms: we want to control it. At certain times some of us want it to stop, to halt–we want to preserve the status quo. However we can’t have it both ways: if we believe that change is a good thing then we can’t dismiss the present because it’s not the same as the past…like those who suggest that colleges today are less because they’re not like they were in the late 60’s (and the irony is, didn’t colleges like Berkley become what they were because of change?). Campus Diversity Reduces Controversy. In late May, I sat in my last class of Paradigms and Strategies of Leadership, the speeches, first step in earning an Undergraduate Leadership Certificate at Northwestern University. My professor stood in front of the classroom seizing the opportunity to reach his final group of students before leaving the university. Essay! He chose his final words carefully. They were a reference to Mario Savio, the 21-year old Berkeley student who stood on top of degree a car passionately advocating free speech in 1964. He could not picture, he told our class of nearly 200 freshmen and sophomores, a Northwestern student ever feeling passionately enough about an issue to stand on top of a car and about, fight for it.
Silence ensued as we shamefully reflected on his accusation. Rick Perlstein’s article What’s the Matter With College makes a similar accusation of today’s sheltered college culture that has lost its centrality in society. Perlstein surely was not directing his accusation at schools like Smith College, the extremely liberal all-women’s college in Massachusetts, where students regularly engage in application, riots and school, sit-ins. Though Smith women are typically vocal with their beliefs, they need not open their mouths- their mere presence, which typically defies feminine stereotypes, makes a statement. Their presence also provoked GQ Magazine to rank Smith among the top ten places where NOT to find smart, beautiful women, demonstrating how society views controversial students. Perlstein, rather, was likely critiquing prestigious national university students who once dreamed of a better world, but today, seem to essay gmat application, dream of school essay landing a job at McKinsey #038; Company. These students are often viewed as coasting through life, studying on weekdays and rewarding themselves for their hard work on about of india, weekends- a stark contrast to the Vietnam War period when the school, draft threatened to report dissertation, destroy students’ current lives. Though students discuss current events amongst themselves and organize protests and about school, debates, they are relatively passive, rarely drawing attention to their campuses. This passivity, however, has not developed from a lack of awareness.
Though college students may not be making headlines, they are reading them. As a student at writing, Northwestern, I have witnessed hundreds of classes where students arrive with noses buried in newspapers. About! Even as students appear to paper, be wasting time surfing the internet, they are often reading online newspapers, political blogs and even reading about candidates on Facebook. In fact, according to essay, the 2006 College Newspaper Readership, only 2% of writing college students never read the news. The lack of school explicit dissidence on best, campuses, thus, does not occur as a result of essay ignorance; rather, increased diversity and social networking may be responsible for the cessation of best persuasive time extreme campus controversy. It seems that every university’s admissions office begins each year celebrating the about school essay, unprecedented diversity of their incoming class. Writing Degree! This increasing diversity in universities is paralleled by a growing emphasis on social networking. Not only do recruiters, mentors, guidance counselors and professors encourage networking, but tools like Facebook and MySpace have been developed to facilitate the process.
With increased diversity and a culture that stresses networking, students with differing viewpoints interact closely and constantly with one another. This communication causes students to understand the legitimacy of others’ opinions, and stifles their desire to aggressively advocate their opinion over their peers’. Consequently, heated controversies are no longer prevalent at our universities and campuses have lost their centrality. College, however, still provides a life-changing experience. Our interactions with a diverse student body play pivotal roles in our development. Consequently, our generation’s college students have a unique ability to interact and empathize with diverse groups, characteristics essential in public diplomacy – a field America currently seems to school essay, struggle with.
In fact, misunderstanding between individuals and countries account for the majority of the world’s dilemmas. We must utilize our empathy for others to promote justice in essay, today’s world. School Essay! After all, with our ability to build large and gmat application, strong networks, college students are in a position to return to the nation with a strong and unified voice. Were the ‘Good Old Days’ Really so Great? Apparently we’re in a crisis when it comes to higher education.
Nobody’s paying attention to college! We’re not driving the culture! Politicians aren’t crusading against our vile orgies! Gee whiz, I wish I’d gone to college back in the good old days when college was college. Never mind that the amount of U.S. students attending post-secondary institutions has skyrocketed in the past 40 years. It’s probably not that important. And since all these old people keep telling me how great college used to be, the addition of gender equality and significant influx of minorities can’t be a good thing. School! It really is a pain dealing with all of report this diversity nonsense.
Different races, geographical backgrounds, family incomes–learning about all these varied aspects of my fellow students really takes away from my time for vile orgies. What about female professors? The sorry state of campus life suggests that though they are still rare, women in academia should probably be banned. Maybe back when professors were almost all white males from affluent backgrounds, college meant more because all those codgy old guys were just that brilliant. Bring back tweed! In all seriousness, it is preposterous it is to argue that college was somehow a much better experience in about school essay, the past. I understand that colleges were important epicenters of society during the ’60s and ’70s, and that participating in best of all time, the radical aspect of campus culture was important to about school, the intellectual development of report many people. I also understand that college today may seem rather tame by comparison, and that the essay, easiest example–protests about Iraq–pales in scope and publicity to its Vietnam predecessors.
But none of this means that college is unimportant to America today, or that there is some major deficiency with either the students or the institutions. As a whole, the about, college experience has improved phenomenally. Essay! Though not perfect, diversity has increased among students and owl, faculty. More Americans are getting an advanced education that leads to about essay, better jobs and better salaries (I’m writing this from Ghana, so forgive me for not citing the exact data). Speeches Time! And despite the about school essay, increase in dissertation, numbers, the quality of learning is almost certainly higher than it was for about my parents. I will be a Junior at Stanford this fall, and the best part of my experience so far has been the best persuasive, ability to meet and interact with an amazing array of people.
Consider the fact that some of my closest friends include Lawrence, an all-conference varsity basketball player, Peng, a human biology major whose parents moved here from China and is fluent in Mandarin, and Carl, an about school essay extremely conservative Latino interning this summer at the culture, the Heritage Foundation. We may not commune about our alienation from society, but we learn more from each other because of school our individuality. Student activism is alive and well. A friend of report mine, Nikki Serapio, is one of the national leaders of the about essay, movement to take action on Darfur and his student organization has strong chapters at schools across the dissertation, nation. Another friend, Jeff Mendelman, has worked actively with rallies, musical performances, and letter writing campaigns to draw attention to rebuilding areas hit by Hurricane Katrina. The radical students are still around too. In the past year alone, one group at Stanford had a hunger strike to demand a living wage for all campus workers, and about, another had a sit-in in the University President’s office to demand that our branded apparel be produced in a humane “Sweat-free” environment.
If you didn’t hear about ou creative either of essay these on your national news, it could be because both were successful. I am biased. Cynthia Dissertation! Stanford, though losing its crown recently, has for school essay years won the Princeton Review’s top spot in the ranking for “happiest students.” Still, I have friends at over 30 colleges across the writing, country, and about school essay, the vast majority are having positive experiences. Perhaps we are all just ignorant of how great things used to report, be, but none of our parents have noticed the problem either. There are bound to be some unhappy students everywhere, and certain environments are harder than others.
Ryan, a high school friend, attends the Colorado School of about essay Mines, an engineering school with 70% male students and a very intense curriculum. He is understandably less than thrilled with the social scene, but has passed up multiple opportunities to transfer to an easier or more fun alternative because he thinks it will be good for him in ou creative degree, the long run. Similarly, the University of Chicago is known for its high quality academics, but is essay also known by students for its informal slogan, “where fun goes to die.” Many students there struggle with the difficult workload, and it does not fare well in Princeton Review polls on happiness. But this is writing no reason to sound the alarm bells about all colleges. Peng, who was one of my Stanford roommates last year, has a T-shirt given to him by about essay his girlfriend who attends UChicago and is doing very well. It says: “UChicago. Research Paper Owl! If it were easy it would be your Mom.” A high number of unhappy students is undesirable, it is not necessarily an about indication of an epidemic problem. It is unreasonable to extrapolate the environment at one school to represent all of college-going America.
More superficially, I don’t know what students from the persuasive of all, good old days miss most, but I’m sure it’s not the typewriter. Along with making homework easier and school, research more efficient, computers are one of the reasons it is insane to clopper, argue that college life no longer “drives the culture.” Have you heard of Facebook.com? It was created by college students as a social utility for about school essay college students to keep in touch with friends. Its expansion to the general public is directly related to its immense popularity among people my age. Now, it has more photos uploaded per day than any other site. Youtube is about another example. The video-sharing website was extremely popular among college students long before it became a medium for presidential debates. By proclaiming my happiness with college, and cultural self-importance for my college age peers. I don’t mean to be unrealistically cheerful.
I do have my complaints with the essay, college experience today, like the way our litigious culture has colleges more worried about dissertation legal liability than the experiences the about school, students have. The increase in competition to gain admissions has also transferred negatively to best of all, campus, with many people never quite able to stop thinking in a mindset of how to build the best resume. Still, college remains a great experience and I’m a little tired of hearing about how lame my generation is. About School Essay! The claim that college no longer matters in about the culture of india, society the way it did when my parents were on campus is merely another machination of the old archetype about the magical days of yesteryear. My great-grandparents hated Elvis, and my grandparents thought the Beatles needed haircuts. About Essay! It’s easy to speeches, look back at an important time in your life with nostalgia, and lament that things are no longer the same. About! This is best persuasive of all as true for former college radicals and hippies as it was for the people who couldn’t stand Rock #038; Roll. What’s the matter with college? Less than you think. The college experience and about school essay, the students who lived it undeniably played a colorful and best speeches of all, visible role in the national dialogue during the 1960s, yet student protesters, especially those that used destructive tactics, seldom played a central role in influencing public policy or popular opinion.
With historian Rick Perlstein’s description of the colleges as a harbor for alienated students and about school, revolutionary thought, the question becomes whether the campus -“its own ‘city state'” and application, “a place radically apart from the rest of society”– was as central to the nation as Perlstein asserts. About School! But by intentionally distinguishing themselves from the nation, college activists often traded pragmatism and centrality for symbolism and flare. The sixties saw a trend towards civil disobedience on campus. The Berkeley free speech movement, for instance, introduced the concept of building takeovers in 1964 and marked the beginning of essay about the culture of india student demonstrations on campus. About School! A form of civil disobedience, noteworthy building takeovers occurred at the University of writing Chicago and the City College of New York in about school, 1966, and the Ohio State University, UCLA, and writing degree, Stanford in 1968.
Many students felt alienated from a society that drafted men for an unpopular war, denied civil rights to many black citizens, and that decried student demands as mindless noise or malicious subversion. Sometimes, people simply dismissed the student experience as evidenced by the University of Colorado campus in Boulder, which locals referred to as “one square mile surrounded by reality.” Several examples further illustrate the point. The Michigan State University chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) gathered over 100 students to prevent entry to about essay, an interview site for the Oakland Police Department, which they accused of racism, in spring of 1970. Cynthia Clopper! Where reasoned dialogue might have influenced campus opinion, however, the group’s tactics only illustrated its hypocrisy and about, irrelevance. The student newspaper, city newspaper, and university president, for instance, all undermined the group’s credibility by questioning it: did SDS have the right to limit the career options of fellow students; who authorized them to speak as the essay of india, moral authority of 40,000 students; could not other minority groups on school, campus (even those accused of racism) also demand things by occupying buildings; and, assuming that Oakland police were in writing, fact racist, should the department not recruit from a new pool of applicants as a means of self-reform?
Similar criticisms plagued students on other campuses. In bombing the draft board office in Berkeley and attempting to shut down an armed forces induction center in New York in 1967, for instance, students did not serve as the about essay, nation’s moral conscience or influence national policy towards Vietnam. Even lawful student marches to owl, sympathetic politicians did not affect U.S. Essay! policy. When hundreds of college students marched in front of the White House during the winter of 1962, for gmat instance, President Kennedy sent them an urn of about school coffee to keep warm instead of complying with their demands to withdraw troops from about of india Vietnam. The “student movement,” moreover, was disunited and promoted conflicting ideologies.
The Port Huron Statement, for instance, which represented the ideals of the white suburbanites who comprised SDS, outlined the group’s goal of participatory democracy. About! In contrast, the Black Power movement, which included a large membership of younger blacks who had grown frustrated over the slow rate of improvement in civil rights, called for a separation of the races instead of brotherhood between all. Even within a given organization there often existed a conflicting series of ideologies and best time, personalities. SDS membership, for instance, ranged from moderate liberals to Maoists, Marxists, Communists, and school essay, anarchists to application, the point that the group could not decide for itself how society should look, let alone persuade the public to support a vision that it did not have. School Essay! Students made noise, to be sure, but remained disunited due to best persuasive, infighting and ideological differences. Without a unified voice that could point to a solution with the persuasive force needed to effect change, the experience of school essay student protesters was not central to best speeches, the nation. In contrast to the oft-romanticized college experience of the sixties, today’s universities are central to the nation in a number of more tangible ways. A high school graduate, for about essay instance, can seldom support a family of four as was common through the sixties, leaving a college degree more valuable than a generation ago. College curricula are also adapting to current affairs as evidenced by the rise in Muslim Studies programs over the past several years to train students on a topic that likely will be central to U.S. foreign policy for decades. Given the ou creative writing, trend toward globalization, colleges have also improved their study abroad programs and a greater percentage of students now study abroad during their college experience.
College campuses have also been battlegrounds for a number of recent issues that affect the nation. The University of Michigan Law School, for instance, faced two lawsuits in 2005 that challenged the legality of using race as a consideration for admissions to achieve a diverse population. The Supreme Court rulings forbade the use of about school essay racial quotas while allowing universities to consider race among other factors in admissions decisions. College campuses in research paper, general have been at the center of the national dialogue on affirmative action. About School! Californian voters passed Proposition 209, a constitutional amendment that prohibited race or gender from being used in hiring decisions or state university admissions decisions, in 1996. Voters in Michigan passed a similar initiative called the Michigan Civil Rights Initiative in research, 2006 to prevent public universities from granting preferential treatment to about school essay, individuals based on race, gender, ethnicity or national origin. The college experience has been at clopper, the heart of national issues other than affirmative action, particularly regarding First Amendment free speech. School! In the months after a 2001 terrorist attack, for instance, newspapers across the nation ran political cartoons that blurred the line between terrorists and cynthia dissertation, individuals of Middle Eastern descent. Berkeley’s student newspaper, the Daily Cal, was no exception, yet its publication of school a September 19 editorial cartoon in 2001 elicited student accusations of inciting violence against Muslims. The cartoon portrayed two men in turbans, one with a flight manual at his side, the other saying: “We made it to report dissertation, paradise!
Now we will be met by Allah, and be fed grapes, and be serviced by 70 virgin women, and…” The man stops mid-sentence and both characters realize that they are in hell. Taking for granted that free speech is worth preserving, the attack on the Daily Cal’s right to publish the cartoon nevertheless resulted in a campus dialogue that focused on distinguishing between terrorists and individuals of school Middle Eastern descent, a worthwhile topic in gmat application, the months after September 11 when Muslims -many U.S. citizens for their entire life–faced harassment and physical assault at the hands of vigilantes. In that sense, Berkeley’s experience directed an important national dialogue. The preceding arguments have not maintained that universities and students were irrelevant in the sixties and that today’s campuses are without shortcomings but that student protests were often ineffective at influencing public policy or popular opinion. In contrast, college campuses have recently been the essay, battleground for affirmative action and free speech and have yielded tangible results that affect citizens across the essay gmat application, country. Essay! Colleges are as central as ever to the nation. Despite the Generation Gap: Why College Still Matters. There is no doubt that the college experience of today is essay about the culture much different from that of our parents’ in the late 1960s and early 1970s. About School Essay! In those days, students held sit-ins against cynthia, the Vietnam War, campaigned for equal rights, and listened to politically conscious musicians performing at Woodstock. Essay! Nowadays, most students are more willing to protest Friday classes and the food selection in clopper dissertation, the cafeteria than the genocide in the Sudan.
While there are groups at every campus who are politically-minded, many of their peers would consider them, in Ronald Reagan’s words, to be “a noisy, dissident minority.” To some extent, self-interest has replaced the idealism of the past. No one factor, however, can explain the shift in college culture and its declining influence on about, mainstream American culture. A combination of many forces has shaped this change. Perhaps, one reason is the differing mindsets of the two generations. My generation is of india known for its heavy reliance on its peers and parents for school essay information, support, and approval. The number of text messages that we send to our friends daily is staggering. In contrast, our parents’ generation contained more rebellious, independent, free-spirited college students who did not care what authority figures such as their parents or professors thought of writing them. Known as the “me” generation, they did what they wanted and put all of about school essay their weight into the causes that they supported no matter the consequences. These same people have become “helicopter parents” and want to sit in on our (their children’s) first job interviews. Ironically, when they were younger, they would have died of embarrassment if their parents did the same for them.
College students of the late 1960s and essay about of india, the early 1970s brought ideas that were once deemed “radical” or “subversive” into mainstream culture. Women seeking higher education, the unfair treatment of minorities, as well as other causes began in school essay, their time and continue into the present. The college students of today do not make headlines for these same actions because it is about now more acceptable to the mainstream. We sometimes take for about school granted the report dissertation, struggles and triumphs of our predecessors and forget that we greatly benefit from their political action. Our generation is also more willing to blend into the background because of the about, more traditional orientation of degree our age group.
The economics of a higher education has changed as well. Students are less willing to take academic risks or pursue their true interests for about school essay fear that they will not be able to pay off their burdensome student loans with less “financially rewarding” careers. Unfortunately, a few state university systems have began charging their students more for business and engineering degrees than for liberal arts degrees, as reported recently in The New York Times. In our parents’ generation, a college education was still expensive, but it seems like they had more time to hold campus rallies and protests. Our time is about the culture limited by the demands of our work-study jobs. Additionally, as much as college is a mind-awakening experience, it has also become a product. Schools advertise themselves in newspapers, on the radio, through the internet, and on television. Each university has its own reputation that becomes part of the brand. For instance, the University of Pennsylvania, where I am attending, categorizes itself as the about essay, “social ivy.” UPenn students are able to get an dissertation Ivy League education as well as socialize in the busy city of Philadelphia. With the about school, high cost of even state universities, many students want to know exactly what they will be experiencing when they attend a school.
They want to know that they will be receiving a good education that will prepare them for report dissertation their future. Even the makers of school supplies, dorm furnishings, and textbooks have gotten in on the college frenzy. School Essay! Incoming freshmen must fully equip themselves with lapdesks, fuzzy backrests, TV/ DVD players, the latest trends of clothing, and other “necessities” or they will face the perceived scorn of gmat their roommates (who also have brought the exact same items to campus). Another reason that popular culture does not celebrate education and college life is that most of the celebrities who dominate popular culture today either never attended college or never graduated. Since they never experienced the wonders of college, they can not relate to most students. For instance, some of the most recognized names in popular culture such as Paris Hilton, Jessica Simpson, and Lindsay Lohan never earned a higher degree. They party like college students on school, spring break, but they never had the experience of reading a book for a class, writing a paper, or studying for a final. Movies and television shows highlight the carefree, somewhat irresponsible side of some college students, but rarely show them to be socially responsible or passionate about learning.
Despite the changes in attitude and perception from dissertation our parents’ generation to our own, the college experience is still critical to essay, the nation and to the individual. Since not everyone is paper owl destined to be a famous actress, socialite, or singer, the school, average American must seek another path. Best Persuasive Of All! They believe that they need to acquire a college education or they will miss out on the material trappings of about school essay a “comfortable and successful” lifestyle. Most young adults see higher education as an ou creative writing degree investment that will eventually lead to financial independence and a better life. This explains the reason why students will take on student loans because they hope that their future earnings will not only cover their indebtedness, but leave enough leftover to accommodate their material yearnings.
While our parents’ generation once viewed going to college as a marker of youth into about essay, adulthood, in which they would gain a different perspective on ou creative writing, life, we see college as a way to get ahead and fully realize the American dream in the twenty-first century. Replicating the College Revolution. The image of the college campus as, in Rick Perlstein’s words, “a mystic world apart, where 18-year-olds discover themselves for the first time in a heady atmosphere of cultural and intellectual tumult,” does not seem to exist in the twenty-first century, at least not to the extent it did in the 1960s and 70s. College is about school less of a national and cultural landmark as it is a necessity and emblem of prestige. Essay Application! More and more students are applying to and attending college today, not because they lust after the new life and independence it will offer, but because it is an obligatory prerequisite for careers.
Competition for acceptance into about essay, the most prestigious colleges has increased, not because the enlightening landscape these schools offer, but because it is a vehicle for one day acquiring a dream, and for the recognition itself. It almost seems that the idea of “getting in” to a top choice college is more important than actually attending said school. It is true, to an extent, that college students seem less passionate about global issues and more invested in personal career goals. Perlstein argues that not only are college students failing to make an imprint on the nation, but also failing to explore their own creativity and have fun. Research Owl! He voices a sad truth about the state of college campuses. Five days a week are devoted to studying. About Essay! The campus is filled with an eerie, dead silence on Sundays, even in the library, where a significant portion of the student body is dissertation spending the weekend. Fun derives from guzzling beer through a funnel on Friday and Saturday nights, more for the sake of duty than enjoyment. We don’t have our own culture.
We certainly can’t have fun for a cause. Members of our parents’ generation accuse us of simply not caring as much about governmental power as they did. They devoted their college years to fighting the war against war and why aren’t we doing the about essay, same? We could respond that the implementation of a draft during the Vietnam War was a driving force behind the best persuasive speeches, anger surge, and the absence of a draft during the Iraq War makes such a movement unnecessary. We are not the soldiers dying in the Middle East. If President Bush via Congress imposed a draft to enable the continuation of a war that many college students oppose, college campuses would rally the troops and combat such a clear infringement on our rights. About! However, unlike the protests that were the backbone of a cultural movement in the “Make Love not War” era, these rallies would be about paper owl us. Our rights. Our unwillingness to risk our lives for school essay something we do not support.
Or, more to the point, our unwillingness to risk our lives. Our battle would begin and end with the war. Our parents did it for the sake of dissertation revolution; it may have begun with a war, but it became a historical landmark. It was about peace and Blacks’ rights and women’s rights and mostly just stamping in essay, the face of bureaucracy. It just isn’t that easy to see our generation abandoning classes, flaunting authority, or, God forbid, risking arrest. College students certainly care to ou creative writing, an extent. A large factor in my choosing Johns Hopkins was witnessing a member of the Hopkins Pro-Choice group vehemently, brilliantly countering a horrific Pro-Life demonstration on school essay, the day I visited the campus.
The Youth Energy Summit at research, William and Mary drew a number of passionate college students abundantly concerned about global warming. College students traveled across the country to protest the war in Iraq in the March on Washington earlier this year. School! While the college movement was strong, it only reached the best speeches time, extent of beating buckets; the dancing grandmas dressed as flowers were equally, if not more, inspiring. There are countless examples of college students caring about causes and voicing their opinions to an audience. The main difference between these students and the college students of the 60s and 70s is that we aren’t taking the risks that the school essay, earlier generation took. Degree! We put our signs, not our bodies, into the protests. We don’t get hosed down by the police.
We occasionally sacrifice a Saturday to discuss our problems, shout a little, and then go do our homework. The movement that took place at Berkley in the 1960s inspired young people and liberals and about, horrified conservatives. As Perlstein notes, Reagan was petrified, and made his platform on a need to squelch the rebels. The revolution was about any and paper, all rights. Today, college students occasionally fight for issues. But it is about laughable to think that we could inspire fear in the hearts of government officials. Owl! Many of us don’t even vote. Of course college matters. It is important for intellectual development; it is about school a necessary threshold for eighteen-year-olds who simply aren’t ready for the real world; it is first and foremost a necessity for research learning. College debates and discussions are certainly much more stimulating than the ones that took place in high school.
But today’s college learning happens predominantly in about essay, the classroom. We aren’t learning how to stand up to authority. We can’t craft witty slogans. We can’t imagine what it feels like to spend the night in jail. We don’t know how to end a war. Frankly, it’s just not high on our list of dissertation priorities. College campuses are part of the United States now. Essay! They don’t pose a threat to conservatism. They are peaceful and quiet.
But if I could trade the cutthroat atmosphere and essay, prestige of attending college in the twenty-first century for the revolution of the Berkleys and Columbias of the about school essay, 1960s, I’m sure I would do it in a heartbeat. Clopper Dissertation! College life just seems like it was a little more worthwhile back then. We are capable of school creating a memorable college experience. Owl! The emphasis needs to shift from the future to about, the present. Perhaps we are wise for thinking about our personal goals rather than fighting for the sake of battle. The pressure to succeed in life is weighty. But there should also be an obligation to the country to attempt to report, repair damages and make changes. Once that personal pressure dissipates, we could accomplish more, not just for about school ourselves, but for the country, just like our parents did. Disillusioned Revolutionaries: Why College Still Matters. Watching The Big Chill always makes me a little sad.
The first time I saw the movie I was in best persuasive of all, high school, fed up with superficiality and rules; not surprisingly, I was in awe of the characters in the movie who reminisced about their radical days in college in the late 1960s. They refer to themselves wryly as “revolutionaries” and recall the speeches they made that ignited action in hundreds of students, as equally disillusioned with the about school essay, world as they were. About Of India! I couldn’t wait to go to college and school essay, be part of this energy of protest and change. A few years later, I am a student at an urban, progressive university. There is an unpopular war being waged and thousands have died; the presidential administration is losing popularity and people are dismayed with the direction the country is going in. Research Paper Owl! All that’s missing are the protests. It would appear that college is not the school essay, hotbed of political radicalism that I had been looking forward to. What has changed in writing degree, the thirty years since our parents graduated? Despite what many adults think, the lack of major protests is about essay not for lack of caring: political discussions and debates are common among many college students, and the consensus for some of us is that the country is report dissertation going to school essay, hell in a hand basket. The problem is that many of us do not know where to start in terms of how to make a difference.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the mission was clear: end the war in Vietnam as soon as possible; impeach Nixon and report dissertation, hope he turns the reins over to the more affable Vice President Ford. Now, as much as some of us would like Bush out of office, Vice President Cheney, a man who answered “no” when asked if he ever thinks he might be wrong, seems like a sorry excuse for a replacement. About School Essay! Many people would like to end the war in speeches, Iraq, but even this can seem like a poor cause to protest in about school essay, light of reports that Iraq is still in cynthia dissertation, disarray. Indeed, the war in Iraq seems to be the biggest issue–certainly it garners the most attention in the media. But the media often gives us an extremely biased version of the events occurring. During the war in Vietnam, news stations broadcast the carnage occurring there; Americans saw every bombing, every battle in which we lost soldiers.
Even if people did not have a loved one fighting the essay, war, it was impossible to see these images and not be affected. Today, the best persuasive speeches, news is about largely absent of the disturbing sights of Iraq, and as a result, the war has become sanitized. It has become all too possible for people, particularly college students who have no memories of previous wars, to distance themselves from the terror in Iraq. Also, despite the fact that protests have been occurring in the past few years, they are rarely, if ever, broadcast in essay about the culture of india, the mainstream media. College students have no precedent for action. While I am grateful that there has not been a draft, this has perhaps worked against us in terms of making people care about the war. School Essay! In the Vietnam era, anyone who knew a man aged 18-26 sat with white knuckles watching the lottery on television, waiting to see if someone they loved was going to be sent away to a war that is now seen as blatant imperialism. Now, I know my friends are not going anywhere.
This gives me less of a personal stake in the war, and makes what’s going on in the Middle East seem far away. Of India! I am not saying that I think we should have a draft–on the contrary, that would be devastating. People would be in an uproar. Sadly, an uproar is what we need to make a difference, and about essay, a draft is one surefire way to best, get people there. There is a common misconception that people have changed–college students don’t protest because they don’t care. A more accurate assessment of this situation is that people have not changed, college has changed. Forty years ago, college was a privilege. Teenagers attending felt lucky to be there and were determined to make good use of the about essay, opportunities given to them. In short, most people on college campuses were there because they wanted to be, not because they needed to be.
In 1967, a person could make a comfortable living without attending college. This is no longer the case. The chances of finding a fulfilling, well-paying job without attending some kind of technical school or university are slim. As a result, college students do not see college as a place of opportunity or a chance to ou creative writing, make a difference, as much as a means to an end. The pressure is on: finding a job even with a college degree is more difficult than ever thanks to about essay, the economy and changing trends in employment. In the time that students of the past may have spent protesting causes close to their hearts, students today are more likely to research paper owl, be doing an school essay internship to increase their chances of finding a job after college. They may be working part time jobs in order to keep up with the astronomical prices of tuition and books. Or, they may be so fed up from the research, pressures being placed on essay, them that they simply do not care enough to protest a war that is thousands of essay miles away from home.
Universities used to be a place where people wanted to be, where they thrived on learning. About School Essay! Now, by owl the time the about, average student has arrived on campus, he or she has taken so many standardized tests (PSSAs, PSATs, SATs, ACTs, SAT IIs) both for the state and for about the culture of india college admission, written so many college essays, taken entrance exams, completed graduation projects, that college no longer feels like a privilege. Many modern day high schools and about school, parents turn the college search into nothing more than a chore, comparing teacher/student ratio and study abroad options and majors and minors and scholarships and grants with such fervor that all the energy and excitement of higher education has been lost. Some people might pose the question of why this matters so much. Who says that college has to be a place of protest and enthusiasm? Why is essay that so important? The reason it matters is that what people learn in college classes is only one part of the college experience. About School! College should be a time when people learn about the issues that concern them, as well as the options available to them.
While we learn how to be engineers or accountants or teachers, we should also learn what matters to us. As trite as it sounds, the world is gmat application ours to essay, inherit. We need to figure out what to do with it once it is ours. And there is no better time or place to learn this than our years on ou creative writing, the college campus. Education is school not limited to dissertation, the four walls of a classroom.
Technology and the Modern College Identity. It is as if, in his critical essay “What’s the Matter with College,” Rick Perlstein has walked up to me and said “justify your life.” After choking down the initial shock that my last three years of university (and the countless years of preparation it took to get in) could be a complete waste, I set out to pick apart the essay, essay and to find why Perlstein claims college students “no longer lead the culture.” The answer dawned on me while checking out MySpace.com: Rick Perlstein must be an ancient relic. Allow me, therefore, to introduce Rick Perlstein to a new invention entitled “the internet.” Culture is research paper owl no longer a physically viewable thing, able to about school, be seen through a dormitory window. Rather, culture is gmat application guided by media, and the king of all media is the internet. This cultural phenomenon has taken the idea of “identity” and moved it from the school essay, physical to the cyber realm. One’s identity is no longer based on whether or not they protest a war.
One’s identity can be within the internet through the thousands of cynthia dissertation increasingly influential internet communities. Facebook.com, for school essay example, has created a revolutionary new forum in which students can express themselves without resorting to sit-ins and bra burnings. The ability to start nation-wide movements through the groups feature and raise awareness through the multiple programs Facebook offers highlight the idea that voices can be heard even when they are typed. Gmat! Facebook, by the way, was created by Harvard student Mark Zuckerburg and is projected to make millions of dollars a week. This extremely influential, culturally important service is used not only by college students but by school governments and businesses to effectively understand and investigate college students. The internet goes on to answer Perlstein’s question as to why he has the impression younger voters do not matter anymore because “It’s unimaginable now that a gubernatorial race in report dissertation, the nation’s largest state would come down to a debate about what was happening on campus.” The youth is becoming increasingly important to politics, as seen in the new “hip” YouTube debates.
The debates, among other things, were held “[i]n order to catch the attention of electorally crucial younger voters.” The debate tackled questions relevant to college students, most of whom are tech savvy enough to know what YouTube is, and allowed for school essay the importance of debates to turn from the older demographic to the college students of America. Sure, gubernatorial races no longer hinge on paper, campus issues, but the school essay, entire nation bends over backwards to report, try and attract the allegedly less important college demographic. Perlstein is nostalgic for archaic views of about dissident, individual college communities but he fails to realize the meaning of the “individual” in the modern computer age. Everything has shrunk, all lines have blurred as the internet has swept the world. At one time, just as Perlstein would think it is ludicrous for colleges to dissertation, be affected by the “real world,” it would have been insane to consider the idea that I could message somebody in China within seconds. National borders, as well as borders of gender, race, and anything else which takes place in the physical world are hardly relevant in an internet world where anybody’s opinion can be heard. Anybody can publish and about school, read the ideas of others; anybody can be a dissident with the right blog. With the best persuasive speeches of all time, idea of democratic equality on the internet, from “unfiltered” news bloggers which take the power away from corporate media organizations, to pirates which take the power away from corporations, to YouTube television and internet radio which creates more culturally significant ideas than anything mainstream media offers, everybody is important. About School! The most important people on this frontier, however, are those technically savvy and bright enough to take this cultural phenomenon and research owl, change it. College students are the kings of the new frontier. Google, the about school, world’s number one web site, was created by two students at Stanford.
This company has inarguably revolutionized the communication and information transportation of the entire planet. A quick Google search of “Rick Perlstein,” for example, brings up 473 articles by research or about Rick Perlstein. The internet era proves and about school essay, denies Perlstein’s statement about college. Perhaps the importance of college has dissipated, as the importance of so many other things, with the coming of the internet. About The Culture! Today’s college students are more individual than Perlstein’s era due to this freedom of self expression. Essay! Everybody demands a unique MySpace, everybody has the opportunity to be published nationally, and every college student is report completely unique. A look at Facebook shows thousands of different backgrounds, beliefs, and about school, ideas. Research Paper Owl! For every studious future businesswoman there’s a rebellious and spunky rocker. Perhaps college students are exactly as they were back in Perlstein’s era, but with so many differing views due to the numerous different facets the school, information age offers there simply is no cohesive dissident community with which to protest. The internet was spawned on college campuses, including DARPAnet at my very own UC Santa Barbara, and has since become the single most revolutionary thing to culturally blanket the report, entire globe. Through the lens of archaic politics and school, physical protests, it would seem that colleges are a hub of political inactivity and partying.
On the internet, however, each and speeches of all, every student gets complete freedom of essay expression. Each takes full advantage of this freedom in order to portray views and beliefs as well as start organized movements which once took the form of rebels and hippies. The Culture! The seat of school power is not in the physical world, as shown by incredible e-commerce numbers and the sway the ou creative degree, internet has on every single facet of about humanity including communication, politics, and information. Rebels are no longer hippies who fight against “the man,” but rather are the Napsters and YouTubes which control the ebb and flow of popular opinion without so much as owning a megaphone. First and foremost, the answer to Mr. Perlstein’s initial question is simple: the price is obviously what’s the matter with college.
What sort of person or family can realistically afford to speeches of all, part with that much money every year? The allure of college still exists, but there is a greater amount of students enrolling in school, college now, thus varying types of college experiences. Some examples: Student #1: Attends a well-respected state school. “Freshman year was cool…from what I remember of it.” Student #2: Attends an Ivy-league, or received a full scholarship to a new Ivy-League. “With only cynthia dissertation five four-credit courses, what will I do with all of about essay my new free time? I worked harder in high school! I suppose I’ll keep researching in the science lab. We’ve almost found a cure for paper the common cold!” Student #3: The stay at home student–very little allure. “Oh, what? College is okay, I guess, I can’t wait to go back to the high school…”
Student #4: A bubbly city-bound, beer-drinking overachiever leaving the suburbs to major in Philosophy or English. “Did you see all of the essay, cute boys in the Facebook group? I hope they’re straight!” Student #5: Attends a music school; might graduate. “Yeah man college is sweet, I learned some stuff.” Finally, student #6: The Generation-Y poster child, attending an urban liberal arts campus with a small population–drinks fair trade coffee, listens to a project(RED) iPod, checks Facebook every hour. “Oh, the New York Times College Essay Contest? I read about that online at paper owl, the Mac store. School Essay! Are those organic jeans you’re wearing?” And what about Facebook? Does the idea of every college student in the world being connected through an enormous, intangible network where no persons-of-power have any control not scream “radical”? It helps that Facebook was created on a campus, too.
Are the statement-based, opinion-oriented Facebook groups made by students really much different from the intense protests of the 60s and essay the culture, 70s? The groups a student chooses to about school, join all appear on his or her profile, and having one listed makes a statement equally as radical as if the cynthia clopper, student were to plaster the statement across a huge poster board and about essay, stand outside at dissertation, a rally. (This time around, the school essay, student stands before a far larger audience.) Within the pages of the essay the culture of india, group, discussion boards exist where students can debate exciting issues, learn new ideas, or tell someone off for essay holding an opposing opinion. Do these social circles not play major roles in the culture and essay about the culture of india, politics of our era? (See: “One million strong for Barack in ’08,” “Legalize Same Sex Marriage,” “I HATE WAL-MART,” or the essay, famous “I Picked a Major I Like, and report dissertation, One Day I Will Be Living in a Box.”) Each group makes a political suggestion, a social statement, or points a cultural arrow towards the direction in which our generation is headed. And, just for the record, it’s easy to see how statements posed by groups like “I like cupcakes and making out (FU Chapter)” are similarly as risque as the about, collegiate actions of decades past. “Student life no longer seems important” because adults simply can’t keep up.
Student life is now fast-paced and owl, web-driven. Ideas vanish before adults on the outside have a chance to catch them–if they can figure a way to break into our secret network. We, the students, were so shocked to see The New York Times leak into our network a few months ago (to set up a Facebook group for about this very contest) that no one said a word on the group’s discussion boards all summer! We live in a digital era, and gmat application, everything–even the core of our college experience–is alive and well on the web. It’s where we thrive.
Why does student life no longer seem all that important? If you have to ask, you’ll never know. College matters. My college experience has thrust me to the center of the universe–placing me amid the about school essay, most unique, intellectual, and creative environment that I have ever encountered–and has begun to pull me up into the class of people for whom my forefathers worked when they first arrived to this country two generations ago. Mitchell’s frustration with meeting uncreative individuals depends only on where a student chooses to attend college. I did some interesting things to help get myself into college: I uncovered problematic policies at my high school, wrote about them, and had them changed. I held protests, studied the essay, history of the 50s, 60s and 70s, traveled, and began work on school, my non-profit organization. I went to rock concerts with photo passes, got myself published, took college courses, waited on tables, and read the newspaper. Did I study for the SATs? No. While others were studying basic math and vocabulary words, I was writing my junior year term paper about best persuasive speeches of all time why the test ought to be done away with.
Then I applied to colleges–I wrote “Time Magazine Person of the Year, 2006? under the Awards sections of my applications and was awarded thousands of about essay dollars in scholarship money. I am Generation Y. So, of course, I will not be going to “the nation’s dream school” come September, but while traveling down the road to the awesome university I chose, I was able to live my dream and research paper, experience life. All money issues aside, Perlstein has made an accurate statement. My college experience is incomparable to those of my forefathers.
The reason for that, though, is even simpler: my forefathers hadn’t even the opportunities to attend. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the school, United States to ou creative, respond. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is school essay coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in essay application, a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)
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Download a Resume Template That Employers Will Love. Are your Resume and online job search profiles not yielding you the results you need to find gainful employment and about school finally afford to pay your bills? No doubt about it; it’s tougher to find a job now than it’s been in decades. Essay Gmat! That doesn’t mean, however, that you can’t give yourself every fighting chance of school essay snagging the next available job. While there is plenty to be said for effective interviewee skills, the absolute most important step for getting hired is writing a winning Curriculum Vitae. Without a highly attractive C.V, you’re just one of dozens or more applicants that begin to cynthia dissertation blend together after a while. You want your most relevant skills and experience to jump off the page and grab the attention of the about school, person responsible for reviewing the group of CVs in which yours is stacked or filed online. Direct access to resume templates advices. 1. Choose your favorite Curriculum Vitae. 2. Essay About! Download selected resumes on your desktop. No front page content has been created yet.
How To Write a Winning Curriculum Vitae. Understand What Makes a Great Resume. Many job applicants are under a misconception that a great Curriculum Vitae means fluffing up terms, adding lots of jobs and experience, listing as many skills as possible, and engaging in other overkill tactics. Excessive and irrelevant information only school clutters the page and makes it more difficult to find the skills and information for which your prospective employer is ou creative writing degree, searching. The best resumes are those that are concise and specific to the job being sought. As such, a separate resume should be used for each job if the required skills, education, and experience are different. At the end of this article, we will review a few time saving tips building each specific Curriculum Vitae. First, though, let’s take a look at how to about write a winning CV. Review All Job Description Material and More (If Necessary) While some employers seem to be in the habit of essay posting as little information as possible, others provide a great deal of valuable information relevant to not only the skills, experience, and about essay education of a desired employee, but also the description, expectations, and demands of the the culture of india, job itself. Acquire as much information as you can about the position.
If the employer provided you with pages and pages of descriptions, read them before building your resume. About School Essay! If the employer posted minimal information about the job, you may find information by reviewing the website or even calling and asking for details. The more you know about dissertation, your prospective employers, the more power you have to show them a picture-perfect employee on paper. If you read terms you don’t really understand, see requirements for education levels you haven’t reached, or find any other indication that you’re not a good candidate for the job; don’t waste your time applying. Also, understand that it may be very difficult to find a job that matches your education or the bulk of your experience. You may have to begin at an entry level position in a company that seeks supervisory and about essay upper management applicants from within. If this is the case, be extremely careful about divulging the extent of ou creative your education, experience, and school salary history as you may be viewed as ‘overqualified’. However insulting or degrading it may feel, the reality is report dissertation, that at some point you just have to accept that options are limited and about essay be willing to ‘dumb it down’ a bit to secure employment. Just think, though: In the next few months after you’re hired, you’ll have a chance to owl excel beyond expectation and increase your odds of recognition and promotion. Use Only Relevant Terms, Skills, and Experience.
If you feel the need to school essay add more information to your curriculum vitae than what’s absolutely relevant, make sure that the essay gmat, most compelling details are on school essay the first page and that it’s not crowded with words. In addition to cynthia dissertation your contact information, you should have: Relevant skills, relevant experience, and relevant education. If you have multiple jobs dating back for a number of about essay years, try to list only the most relevant jobs within the past 5-7 years on the first page and either make a note that a more extensive job history is available upon request or attach a separate sheet with a complete history in cynthia, case the about, reviewer is so inclined to cynthia read it. Whatever you do, DO NOT let a full page of outdated and irrelevant details take away from the razzle and dazzle of the first page of your resume. Remember that your developed skills are more important than your experience. Yes, you need experience to demonstrate the fact that you’ve had time to hone those skills, but employers need to know the school essay, capabilities you have that are relevant to the job for which you’re applying. The Verbiage of Your Curriculum Vitae.
You want your C.V to sound professional, but it doesn’t have to sound like it came out of the best persuasive speeches of all time, Oxford Dictionary. Remember, it’s not as though you’re writing a dissertation; you’re listing bits and pieces of school concise and relevant information to present a snapshot of what you have to offer. Refer to the job description and other material posted by your prospective employers. If they used industry-specific jargon, use the same jargon wherever applicable. Review their posted list of persuasive of all time required skills and job duties and use it as a guide for listing all of your valid and applicable skills and school job duties with previous employers. If you have additional skills or job skills than are not posted on the job description by your prospective employer, consider leaving them out. If you feel you must include them somewhere, follow the same rule as job history: Keep them off the first page. Instead, attach them at the top of the page containing your extensive job history. You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to read and essay gmat application make every word count. In order to accomplish this, you need to use a font of at least 10-12 and school make each section of your document stand out from the next by staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of horizontal space.
For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and email address at research paper owl, the top in the center. For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and long term employment with a company in which my skills and talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the page, your next sections should be small and about school centered. Essay About! This would be a great place to list your skills. If you place your employment in the next section, that would be a great contrast to your skills. About School Essay! Make a table with 2 columns and dissertation a few rows (just enough for your most relevant jobs). About Essay! Add your title, previous employers, and their contact information in clopper, the left column and your job duties on essay the right. Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in speaking with your personal references. If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Best! Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in your format for them to review.
You can post a sentence on the bottom of your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to call contacts from school essay, your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of personal references available if requested. If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of space in between each section, increase the font size of your name. If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to an employer but may not have a proper place on your Curriculum Vitae. Cover letters are easy to disregard if an employer isn’t interested, and they can help to best persuasive speeches of all time set you aside from about school essay, other applicants if there is an of india, interest in about school, learning more about you by reading your cover letter. You can either use the application, outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and the basic sections you will need to fill out per about, application. Save the outline and consistent information in a master file, and once you’ve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for a job, choose ‘Save as’ and create a specific name for it. To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and conveniently, consider using the same name and changing only the last word. For example, you may save your resume as ‘MyResumeCompany.doc’. Replace the word ‘Company’ with each different place to which you submit your curriculum.
How to Write a Great Cover Letter. Landing a job is undoubtedly difficult in today’s economy. Writing a great cover letter is probably the dissertation, most important step you can towards landing the job of their dreams. Why is about school, writing a cover letter so important? It is the first thing a potential employer sees, and speeches of all time it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at your resume. Even the most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter. How do you write a cover letter that not only about essay a potential employer to read your resume, but also gets you invited for an interview?
Writing a winning cover letter is not difficult if you follow a few simple steps: Just like an employer won’t look at a resume that’s attached to a poorly written cover letter, the employer won’t even bother to essay application read the cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. School! To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to use plenty of white space. Degree! You should have, at school essay, a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs. Follow the cynthia clopper dissertation, guidelines for writing a basic business letter and about essay be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Your letterhead should be the dissertation, same letterhead that appears on your resume. This is your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of it.
Potential employers want to know how you heard about the position. You should also identify the about school, specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for this position. Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and this isn’t the time to be a rebel. Finally, set the essay about the culture of india, tone for the rest of the letter, and briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of school essay experience in the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. Owl! First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea. If you’ve held several jobs in this career, find the one aspect that these jobs have in common that will most impress your potential employer. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of about school all the report, schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken.
Determine which aspect of your education is most important to the position you’re applying for about school essay and present it here. A fourth and owl even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to tie everything together, leading the reader to invite you to an interview. You need to reference your resume and any other included attachments. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to be invited to about an interview. Finally, state the ou creative, easiest way for the employer to school reach you, referring to the phone number and e-mail address in your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to cynthia dissertation go beyond your computer’s spell check and grammar check. School! Place the cover letter aside for a few hours, or overnight if possible, and look at it with fresh eyes. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously. As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to research paper proofread your cover letter.
Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and ultimately invite you to school essay an interview. The rest is cynthia clopper, up to you! How to prepare for a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in the necessary time and effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the seller is to sell yourself. You need to stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in about school, a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Assume your resume and best speeches of all cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top. You need to put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the about school, job, make them convince you to take it. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray.
If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. You have to put yourself in the shoes of the interviewer and determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to the organization. By researching and probing how you can make an impact in the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for best persuasive speeches time the position.
After the interview, you want to leave the impression that you can start the job tomorrow. You want to about school essay contact somebody who does the same job at the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions. Owl! It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for the position within the organization and about school the industry as a whole. The next step is research paper, succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. Hiring managers have so many job functions to about school perform, by proving that you not only speeches of all did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential.
You would be surprised how those that have been performing the job for years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to demonstrate the homework you have done. Reaching out to a current employee performing the same job function puts you over the top. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding. Many employees have innovative ideas about how to essay perform their jobs better, tap into degree, that information for free and then add your own spin.
Use the power of imagination to about school stand out from the crowd, everybody else is going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over cynthia clopper, the web. If you want to about school make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Research! Landing an offer in about, a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster curriculum-vitae.in.
All the Curriculum Vitae templates are at your disposal without any guaranty. The use of cynthia dissertation these Curriculum samples is at about essay, your sole risk.