High school dropouts causes and effects essay
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The failure to earn a high school diploma has been dropout meaning, definition, what is person who leaves school, college, or
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Antisocial behaviour: the construction of a crime. Now the New Labour government has revealed its 'respect' agenda, the problem of 'antisocial behaviour' has moved to the forefront of high school dropouts causes and effects political debate. Essay On Quaid-e-azam Tomb. But what is it? 19 January 2006. #8216;A ntisocial: opposed to the principles on which society is constituted.#8217; ( Oxford English Dictionary , 1885). #8216;Antisocial: contrary to the laws and customs of society; causing annoyance and disapproval in others: children#8217;s antisocial behaviour.#8217; ( Oxford English Dictionary , 1989). #8216;Antisocial behaviour#8217; is used as a catch-all term to describe anything from noisy neighbours and and effects, graffiti to kids hanging out on the street. Indeed, it appears that almost any kind of unpleasant behaviour is now categorised as antisocial , with the behaviour of children and young people most often labelled as such (1). This expresses a growing perception that the #8216;laws and customs of society#8217; are being undermined by rowdy youngsters. Yet the term #8216;antisocial behaviour#8217; was rarely used until the 1990s. Throughout the harvesting the sea 1980s a couple of articles a year were printed in the UK discussing antisocial behaviour, whereas in January 2004 alone there were over 1,000 such articles (2). Not even the most pessimistic social critic would suggest a parallel increase in problem behaviour.
Indeed, in recent years there has been a slight fall in actual vandalism, for example, against a dramatic increase in high dropouts and effects essay newspaper mentions of antisocial behaviour (3). When looking at the issue of antisocial behaviour, the starting point for most commentators is to accept that the problem exists and to then work out why people are more antisocial today. The #8216;collapse of communities#8217; is often seen as a key influence in the rise of antisocial behaviour, with young people growing up without positive role models and a framework within which to thesis on hiv/aids, develop into sociable adults. This idea of the loss of a sense of community - or indeed of high dropouts essay #8216;society#8217; - rings true. We are indeed more atomised and individuated today, and essay writing on mother teresa, there are fewer common bonds that hold people together and give them a #8216;social identity#8217;. It is less clear, however, that this necessarily means people are increasingly out of control, antisocial and on the road to dropouts causes essay, criminality. Alternatively you could argue that this fragmentation of communities and of social values has helped foment a #8216;culture of fear#8217; (4) - a culture that elevates what were previously understood as petty problems into socially significant ones. Corbyn#8217;s Labour: Mods or Rockers in Brighton. Why the left must confront the cult of identity politics. This essay examines the construction of the social problem of antisocial behaviour, by focusing, not on the behaviour of the sea young people, but on the role of the political elite.
It may be understandable for dropouts essay, a tenants#8217; association or local councillor to be engaged by the issue of noisy neighbours and rowdy children - but for thesis on hiv/aids, the prime minister to prioritise this issue as one of his main concerns for the future of the nation seems rather strange. What is it that has put #8216;antisocial behaviour#8217; so high up on the political agenda? Constructing crime as a social problem. When introducing laws against antisocial behaviour, curfews, and new crime initiatives, the New Labour government invariably asserts that these are in response to the concerns of the public. High School Dropouts And Effects Essay. While there is undoubtedly a high level of public anxiety about crime and essay about langston hughes poems, about the various problems and irritations now described as antisocial behaviour, this anxiety is clearly shaped by the concerns of the political elite. It is high causes and effects essay, also worth noting that when the essay government highlights particular #8216;social problems#8217; as being significant for society, it puts other issues and outlooks on the back burner. The elevation of school essay crime and, more recently, antisocial behaviour, into a political issue has helped both to reinforce the harvesting significance given to this kind of behaviour and to frame the way social problems are understood. By defining antisocial behaviour as a major social problem, the political elite has, over the past decade, helped to generate a spiralling preoccupation with the petty behaviour of young people. At no time in history has the issue of crime as a social problem in and of itself been so central to all of the political parties in the UK - and yet, there has been a significant statistical fall in crime itself.
The key difference between the moral panics over dropouts crime and social disorder in the past and anxiety about crime and disorder today is that this anxiety has now been institutionalised by thesis statement on hiv/aids the political elite. High School And Effects. Up until the harvesting the sea 1970s the political elite, as distinct from individual politicians and the media, generally challenged or dismissed the panics associated with youth crime and subsequently held in check the effects they had. In opposing certain calls for more laws and regulations on society, more reactionary ways of understanding these problems were often rejected and the institutionalisation of measures that help create new norms were equally opposed. For example, while the moral panic that arose in the media around the Mods and Rockers in the 1960s has been widely discussed thanks to high school causes and effects, Stanley Cohen#8217;s famous study Folk Devils and Moral Panics , first published in 1972 (5), these concerns were marginal to politicians, and never became an organising principle of political life. More recently, however, the political elite has panicked and legislated on the strength of extreme one-off events, like for example the Dunblane shootings in 1996, which resulted in the banning of handguns, or the killing of Victoria Climbie in 2000, which led to harvesting the sea, legislation requiring schools to organise around child protection.
An important consequence of the institutionalisation of anxiety is that in high essay contrast to the intermittent moral panics of the harvesting past, panics are now an almost permanent feature of society. High Dropouts Causes. And whereas moral panics - particularly before the 1990s - were generated within a traditional conservative moral framework, today it is the study new #8216;amoral#8217; absolute of essay safety within which they tend to essay langston, develop. The politicisation of high school causes essay crime can be dated back to the 1970s, with the 1970 Conservative government being the tomb first to identify itself explicitly as the party of law and order. High School Causes Essay. As crime developed as a political issue through the 1970s, however, it was fiercely contested. When Conservatives shouted #8216;law and order#8217;, the left would reject the case study ideas idea that crime was increasing or was a social problem in and of itself, pointing instead to the social problems thought to underlie it.
Significant sections of the left, influenced in part by radical criminologists in the USA, challenged the #8216;panics#8217; - as they saw them - promoted by the so-called New Right. Essay. They questioned the official statistics on crime, challenging the #8216;labelling#8217; of deviants by #8216;agents of social control#8217;, and attacked the moral and case ideas, political basis of essay these panics (6). Thus, the essay writing on mother idea that crime was a broader #8216;social problem#8217; remained contested. Crime became a political issue at a time when there was an increase in school dropouts causes serious political and social conflicts, following the more consensual political framework of the postwar period. Unemployment and strikes increased, as did the number of political demonstrations, and the conflict in Ireland erupted. Statement On Hiv/aids. In contrast to the current concern about school essay, crime and antisocial behaviour, which emerged in the 1990s, the New Right under Margaret Thatcher promoted crime as a problem very much within a traditional ideological framework.
In 1988, Alan Phipps described the Tory approach to essay writing teresa, crime like this: #8216;Firstly, it became conflated with a number of high and effects other issues whose connection was continually reinforced in students the public mind - permissiveness, youth cultures, demonstrations, public disorders, black immigration, student unrest, and trade union militancy. Secondly, crime - by now a metaphorical term invoking the decline of social stability and decent values - was presented as only one aspect of a bitter harvest for which Labour#8217;s brand of social democracy and high dropouts causes essay, welfarism was responsible.#8217; (7) As part of a political challenge to Labourism in the 1970s and 80s, Conservative prime minister Margaret Thatcher developed an authoritarian approach to the #8216;enemy within#8217;, which attributed greater political significance to criminality than its effects on thesis statement on hiv/aids, victims. Despite an increase in high school and effects essay the financial support to the Victim Support schemes in langston poems the late 1980s, victims of crime were themselves often used politically, #8216;paraded#8217; by school dropouts Conservative politicians and by sections of the media as symbols of disorder, not as the central focus of law and order policy or rhetoric itself. Sociologist Joel Best describes a process of typification, whereby an statement often extreme example of crime is used to define a more general perceived problem (8). And Effects Essay. The #8216;typical#8217; criminals of the 1970s and 1980s were the violent trade union militant and the young black mugger. Traditional British values and thesis, individual freedoms were contrasted to the collectivist, promiscuous values of the #8216;enemy within#8217; (9). Even burglars were understood as being part of the #8216;something for high school and effects essay, nothing society#8217;.
Here the #8216;criminal#8217;, whether the trade union member, the mugger or the burglar, far from being a victim of circumstance, was an enemy of the state, and, importantly, the damage being done was not primarily to the victim of crime but to the moral values of society as a whole. #8216;Social control#8217; and harvesting the sea, #8216;public order#8217; were promoted within both a political and moral framework in which the deviant in question was likewise understood to have certain political or moral traits that needed to be confronted. Where the petty criminal acts of children were mentioned, the target was not simply this behaviour itself, nor the impact it had on individuals, but rather the #8216;soft liberal#8217; moral values - held by teachers and social workers - that it was argued were undermining British Victorian values of discipline and hard work. In keeping with this, Thatcher saw the responsibility for cutting crime not simply as that of the dropouts causes and effects government or police, but also of the public, who, it was argued, should take action to defend themselves. About Hughes Poems. Go directly to jail. #8216;The demand for law and order, which at school essay first sight appears to attempt a restoration of students moral standards, actually acknowledges and acquiesces in their collapse. Law and order comes to be seen as the high school and effects only effective deterrent in about langston hughes a society that no longer knows the difference between right and wrong.#8217; (Christopher Lasch, Haven in a Heartless World , 1977.) American sociologist Christopher Lasch identified key developments in the USA in the 1970s. In the UK, while an school increasing emphasis on law and order reflected a certain weakening of the political elite#8217;s grip on society, crime had been understood in largely ideological and political terms.
Thatcher used the issue of crime in the battle against Labourism and hughes, welfarism. By the early 1990s, however, things were changing fast. School Dropouts And Effects Essay. John Major#8217;s desperate and ultimately failed attempt to revitalise the political dynamic of the Conservatives with his #8216;Back to Basics#8217; campaign in 1993 demonstrated the Tories#8217; inability to develop a political direction that engaged both the elite and the electorate, and it was at students this point that the high school dropouts causes and effects politics of study crime took on a new, less ideological, but even more authoritarian character. The issue of #8216;persistent young offenders#8217; became a political issue and a recognised #8216;social problem#8217; in 1992 and high school dropouts causes essay, exploded as an students issue of concern in 1993. The #8216;violent trade union militant#8217; was now replaced by this #8216;persistent young offender#8217; as the #8216;typical#8217; criminal, and, as then home secretary Michael Howard explained, #8216;self-centred#8230;young hoodlums#8217; would #8216;no longer be able to use age#8217; as a way of hiding from the law (10). It is important to note that under Thatcher, despite the #8216;most consistent, vitriolic and vindictive affront to school dropouts causes essay, justice and welfare#8217; in general, the criminal justice approach to young people developed under principles that resulted in #8216;diversion, decriminalisation and students, decarceration in policy and dropouts and effects, practice with children in trouble#8217; (11). Despite the tough rhetoric with regard to adult crime, the Thatcher administration maintained a pragmatic and and politics, even progressive policy towards young offenders. Under John Major this all changed. The enemy within became #8216;minors rather than the miners#8217; (12).
With the end of the contestation between right and left, and school dropouts, the resulting decline in the ideological politicisation of crime, the direct control and hughes poems, regulation of the population substantially increased, and between 1993 and high school causes and effects essay, 1995 there was a 25 per cent increase in harvesting the sea the number of high school causes and effects essay people imprisoned (13). Politically-based authoritarianism was replaced by a more reactive #8216;apolitical#8217; authoritarianism which was directed less at the politics and moral values of the organised labour movement and other enemies within, than at the more psychologically-framed behaviour of individuals. #8216;Antisocial behaviour#8217; now began to be recognised as a significant #8216;social problem#8217; around which new laws and institutional practices could be developed. Following Lasch, it appears that by 1993 law and order had come to be seen as the only effective resource for a political elite that no longer knew the difference between right and essay about poems, wrong. Causes And Effects Essay. Rather than using the students and politics fight against crime in an effort to high school and effects, shape the moral and political outlook of adults in society, the Conservative government increasingly opted simply to lock people up, thus acknowledging and acquiescing in on quaid-e-azam tomb its own political and dropouts and effects essay, moral collapse. Cultures of crime. As part of the essay writing teresa growing preoccupation with the #8216;underclass#8217;, the floundering Major government also attacked what he described as a #8216;yob culture#8217;. This identification of an alien, criminal culture had developed in the late 1980s, as crime panics began to move away from high dropouts causes and effects, concerns with the organised working class and shifted on to the behaviour of essay on mother #8216;hooligans#8217; and #8216;lager louts#8217;.
The criminalisation of the working class, by the early 1990s, was framed not in political terms, but increasingly as an attack on high and effects, the imagined #8216;cultures#8217; of alien groups. These aliens were no longer black outsiders or militants, but white, working class, and young, who could be found not on demonstrations but in pubs and estates across the UK. The door was now open for essay teresa, an attack on high school essay, the personal behaviour and habits of anyone seen to be acting in an #8216;antisocial#8217; manner. The idea of there being alternative #8216;cultures#8217;, expressed by conservative thinkers at this time, implied that significant sections of the public were no longer open to civilising influences. However, and somewhat ironically, within criminological theory, this idea of impenetrable cultures had developed from radicals themselves back in the 1970s. Stanley Cohen and the cultural studies groups of the Birmingham Centre had been the first to identify youth cultures and deviant subcultures as specific types of people existing within a #8216;different life-world#8217;. At a time of greater political radicalism, these groups were credited with positive #8216;difference#8217;. With the decline of radical thought these imagined cultures were rediscovered in the 1990s, but this time were seen as increasingly problematic (14).
In reality, the growing preoccupation with #8216;cultures#8217; - for example the discovery of a #8216;knife culture#8217; in 1992 - was a reflection of a loss of belief in and politics politics as a way of understanding and school causes and effects essay, resolving wider social problems. With the loss of ideologically based politics on the right and on quaid-e-azam tomb, the left, reflected in the rise of New Labour, the problem of crime became increasingly understood as a problem of causes and effects and for individuals. Study. New Labour, New Social Problems. #8216;What my constituents see as politics has changed out of all recognition during the 20 years or so since I first became their Member of Parliament. From a traditional fare of social security complaints, housing transfers, unfair dismissals, as well as job losses, constituents now more often than not ask what can be done to stop their lives being made a misery by the unacceptable behaviour of some neighbours, or more commonly, their neighbours#8217; children. The Labour MP Frank Field, in his book Neighbours from Hell: The Politics of Behaviour (2003), explained how politics had become a matter of regulating behaviour. Field neglected to causes, ask himself whether poor housing and a lack of opportunities are no longer problems, or whether his constituents have simply lost faith in politicians#8217; ability to do anything about them. Similarly, Field ignored the essay and politics role the Labour Party itself played in reducing politics to questions of noisy neighbours and rowdy youngsters, and the way in which New Labour in the 1990s helped to repose #8216;traditional#8217; social concerns around issues of crime and disorder. A more fragmented and atomised public was undoubtedly subject to a #8216;culture of fear#8217;, but the high school dropouts and effects role of New Labour was central to the promotion of concerns related to antisocial behaviour. Under Tony Blair, crime became a central issue for the Labour Party, especially after Blair#8217;s celebrated #8216;tough on crime, tough on case ideas, the causes of crime#8217; speech in high school dropouts 1994. This ended any major political opposition to the recently reposed #8216;social problem#8217; of crime.
A key #8216;right#8217; for New Labour now became the #8216;right#8217; to statement on hiv/aids, be, and to feel, safe. By 1997 the New Labour manifesto was strikingly confrontational around the issues of crime and antisocial behaviour. As the Guardian newspaper noted in April of that year: #8216;There are areas where Neil Kinnock#8217;s manifesto barely ventured. In 1992, crime, for instance, rated five paragraphs and mainly concentrated on improving street lighting. Now law and high, order rates two pages with the now familiar #8220;zero tolerance#8221; strategies and child curfews fighting for room next to pledges to early legislation for writing, a post-Dunblane ban on all handguns.
Such policies seemed unthinkable five years ago. However, in this case, Blair#8217;s #8220;radicalism#8221; - with its social authoritarian tinge - may play better with the centre rather than the Left.#8217; Freed from the politics of welfarism and high dropouts essay, the labour movement, New Labour in the early 1990s reoriented its approach to the politics of essay students crime, not only accepting that crime was a key social problem in and of high dropouts and effects essay itself, but also in expanding it to include the non-criminal antisocial behaviour of #8216;neighbours from hell#8217; and #8216;antisocial youth#8217;. With the prioritisation of writing teresa crime and antisocial behaviour came a focus upon the emotional reaction of victims, reflected in school causes and effects essay the concern with the fear of crime . #8216;Tackling the epidemic of crime and disorder#8217; was now a #8216;top priority for Labour in government#8217; and case study, #8216;securing people#8217;s physical security and freeing them from the fear of crime and disorder#8217; was described as the #8216;greatest liberty government can guarantee#8217; (15). Liberty was transformed from the active freedom of individuals, to the protection given to them by government and the police. In contrast to the social and economic framework within which crime had been largely understood by the #8216;active#8217; labour movement in the 1980s, New Labour now addressed the problems of crime and disorder with reference to a more passive, disorganised and high and effects essay, fragmented public. Harvesting. As the government took a more direct approach to tackling crime in its own terms, so the issue expanded to consume problems that previously had been understood in more political terms. Accordingly, social, economic and political solutions were replaced by attempts to regulate the high school and effects essay behaviour of both criminals and antisocial neighbours and children.
Imprisonment, antisocial behaviour orders and more intense forms of behaviour management of parents and children increasingly became the political solution offered by New Labour to these problems. Engaged by safety. The term #8216;community safety#8217; did not exist until the late 1980s, but has subsequently become a core strategic category around which local authorities and national government have developed community-based policies. Community safety is not about crime as such, but is more broadly about the fear of essay writing crime and of petty antisocial acts, especially committed by young people, and thought to undermine communities#8217; sense of security. Here the loss of #8216;community#8217; that has been generated by such major social shifts as the defeat of the old Labour movement and school causes and effects, the weakening of the postwar institutional welfare framework has been reinterpreted as a problem of mischievous children creating fear across society. An important watershed in the organisation of society around the issues of safety was then shadow home secretary Jack Straw#8217;s notorious attack in 1995 on the #8216;aggressive begging of winos, addicts and squeegee merchants#8217; (16). Study Ideas. Only a year earlier, Straw had accused John Major of #8216;climbing into the gutter alongside the unfortunate beggars#8217; when the prime minister had made seemingly similar comments (17). There was an important difference, however. Major and his chancellor Kenneth Clarke had attacked beggars as dole scroungers - #8216;beggars in designer jeans#8217; who receive benefits and #8216;think it is perfectly acceptable to high school dropouts and effects, add to their income by begging#8217;. Still understanding crime through the study political prism of welfarism, Clarke saw begging as a criminal act that defrauded the benefit system. In his later attack on beggars, Jack Straw redefined the issue.
For Straw the problem was not the crime of begging or the political or economic problem of benefit fraud, but the disorderly and high and effects, intimidating behaviour of the aggressive beggar, which was understood to increase the fear of crime and help to undermine society#8217;s sense of wellbeing (18). Jack Straw believed that the Tories had failed to understand the significance of street disorder as a cause of the fear of thesis statement on hiv/aids crime, the high causes and effects essay #8216;loutish behaviour and incivility#8217; that made the streets #8216;uncomfortable, especially for women and black and Asian people#8217; (19). The issue for New Labour was not the political question of benefit fraud, but the on quaid-e-azam tomb emotional sense of security of a newly discovered vulnerable public. By the time the election year of 1997 came around the school dropouts causes essay soon to be prime minister, Tony Blair, had elaborated on the typical beggar. Harvesting. This was not a man quietly scrounging money off the public, but the often drunken #8216;in your face#8217; lout who would, #8216;push people against a wall and demand money effectively with menace#8217; (20). No figures for the rise in bullying beggars were given, but Tony Blair noted that he himself sometimes felt frightened when he dropped his children off at King#8217;s Cross in London - a notorious area for #8216;winos#8217;, prostitutes and high, #8216;aggressive beggars#8217;. Straw, using a well-worn feminist slogan, demanded that we #8216;reclaim the streets#8217; - streets that had been #8216;brutalised#8217; by beggars and graffiti vandals.
The radical creation of victimhood. Case Ideas. Because much of this rhetoric of intimidation, abuse and the collapse of communities has its origins in the radical school of criminology, Labour politicians felt able to employ it without embarrassment. In the late 1980s, left-wing and feminist criminologists had a significant influence on Labour-run inner-city councils, carrying out victim surveys, and sitting on a number of council boards particularly within the dropouts causes and effects essay Greater London Council. Developing out of the radical framework of the early 1970s, a number of such criminologists had become disillusioned with the fight for case study ideas, political and social change and, rather than challenging the high school and effects focus on crime as an expression of class prejudice as they once might have, increasingly identified crime as a major issue, particularly for the poor, women and blacks who were now conceived of as #8216;victims#8217; of crime. Instead of identifying with and engaging its constituency in terms of politics and public matters, the left sought a new relationship with the poor and oppressed based on their private fears and their sense of students and politics powerlessness. Identifying fear as a major factor in the disaggregation of these communities, the school dropouts essay so-called #8216;left realists#8217; noted that it was not only crime but the non-criminal harassment of women and petty antisocial behaviour of young people that was the main cause of essay tomb this fear among victimised groups (21). The identification of harassed victims of antisocial behaviour rose proportionately with the declining belief in the possibility of radical social change. As the #8216;active#8217; potential of the working class to #8216;do#8217; something about the New Right declined, Jock Young and other realists uncovered the vulnerable #8216;done to#8217; poor. Discussing the shift in Labour councils from school essay, radicalism to realism, Young noted that: #8216;The recent history of radical criminology in Britain has involved a rising influence of essay students feminist and anti-racist ideas and school and effects, an encasement of left-wing Labour administrations in the majority of the inner-city Town Halls.
An initial ultra-leftism has been tempered and often transformed by a prevalent realism in the wake of the third consecutive defeat of the Labour Party on the national level and severe defeats with regards to #8220;rate capping#8221; in terms of local politics. The need to encompass issues which had a widespread support among the electorate, rather than indulge in marginal or #8220;gesture#8221; politics included the attempt to recapture the issue of law and order from the right.#8217; (22) Indeed, crime and the fear of it became so central to and politics, Young#8217;s understanding of the conditions of the working class that, on finding that young men#8217;s fear of school dropouts causes and effects crime was low - despite their being the main victims of crime - he argued that they had a false consciousness. Rather than trying to allay women#8217;s fears about the slim chance of serious crime happening to them, Young asked whether it #8216;would not be more advisable to attempt to raise the fear of crime of young men rather than to lower that of other parts of the public?#8217;. For the first time, it was safety that began to frame the harvesting the sea relationship between the local authority and the public, expressing a shift from a social welfare model of that relationship to one of protection. The significance of the left realists and feminists at this time is that they were the first people systematically to redefine large sections of the working class as #8216;victims#8217;, and thus helped to reorient Labour local authorities towards a relationship of protection to the public at the expense of the newly targeted antisocial youth. It is school essay, this sense of the public as fundamentally vulnerable, coupled with the disengagement of the Labour Party from its once active constituency within the essay students working class and the subsequent sense of society being out of control, that has informed the high school dropouts causes essay development of New Labour#8217;s antisocial behaviour initiatives. Issues related to inner-city menace, crime and what was now labelled antisocial behaviour, which had been identified as social problems by conservative thinkers periodically for over a century, now engaged the Labour Party. Increasingly for New Labour, having abandoned extensive socioeconomic intervention, the problem of the disaggregation of essay about communities and the subsequent culture of fear that grew out of the 1980s was identified as a problem of crime, disorder and more particularly the school essay antisocial behaviour of young people. The Hamilton Curfew and the politics of fear. The development of the politics of antisocial behaviour was accelerated in harvesting 1997 when the first #8216;curfew#8217; in the UK was set up in a number of housing estates in essay Hamilton in the west of Scotland. Introduced by a Labour council, this was a multi-agency initiative involving the the sea notoriously #8216;zero tolerance#8217; Strathclyde Police and the council#8217;s social work department.
The curfew that followed was officially called the and effects Child Safety Initiative. This community safety approach reflected a number of the students trends identified above. Rather than tackling crime as such, the school causes and effects essay initiative was supposed to tackle the broader, non-criminal problem of the sea antisocial behaviour, in order to essay, keep the community free from crime and also, significantly, free from the thesis statement fear of crime (23). School Causes And Effects. The rights of people in the community promoted by this initiative were not understood in terms of a libertarian notion of individual freedoms, nor within a welfarist conception of the the sea right to jobs and services. Rather it was #8216;the right to be safe#8217; and the #8216;right to a quiet life#8217; that Labour councillors promoted. Without a collective framework within which to address social problems, and high dropouts, concomitantly without a more robust sense of the active individual, a relationship of protection was posited between the local authority and the communities in question. Talk of #8216;rights and responsibilities#8217; implied the right of vulnerable individuals to essay writing on mother teresa, be and feel safe, not by being active in their own community but rather by either keeping their children off the streets, or by phoning the police whenever they felt insecure. Advocates of the high school dropouts and effects Child Safety Initiative identified all sections of the community as being at risk - children were at risk simply by being unsupervised; adults were at risk from teenagers who hung about the streets; and young people were at risk from their peers, who could, by involving one another in drink, drugs and crime, #8216;set patterns#8217; for the rest of their lives, as the head of the social work department argued. Even those teenagers involved in antisocial and criminal activities were understood as an essay #8216;at risk#8217; group - the #8216;juvenile delinquents#8217; of the past were thus recast as #8216;vulnerable teenagers#8217; who needed protection from each other. The centrality of the concern with victims of crime, which has developed since the Hamilton curfew was first introduced, is school causes and effects essay, reflected within the curfew itself. In effect all sections of the public were understood to be either victims or vulnerable, potential victims of their neighbours and writing teresa, of local young people.
The legitimacy of the police and the local authority was based not on a wider ideological, political or moral platform, but simply on their ability to protect these victims. High School Dropouts Causes Essay. The politics of antisocial behaviour lacks any clear ideological or moral framework, and statement on hiv/aids, therefore it has no obvious constituency. In fact, the basis of the Child Safety Initiative was the weakness of community. Rather than being derived from a politically engaged public, the authority of the school dropouts council and the police was assumed, or #8216;borrowed#8217;, from that public in the guise of individual victims. Accordingly, the police in Hamilton constantly felt under pressure to show that the potential victims they were protecting - especially the young people who were subject to the curfew - supported what they were doing. Of course, nobody has a monopoly on borrowed authority.
A number of children#8217;s charities similarly took it upon themselves to essay writing, speak for the children, arguing that the curfew infringed their #8216;rights#8217; and coming up with alternative surveys showing that young people opposed the use of curfews. There was little effort to make a substantial political case against the curfew, however. In fact, #8216;child-friendly#8217; groups and individuals tended to endorse the presentation of young people and and effects, children as fundamentally vulnerable potential victims, and some opposed the curfew only on case ideas, the basis that children would be forced back into the home where they were even more likely to be abused. Just as Blair was put on the defensive over his attack on aggressive begging by high school dropouts causes and effects essay charities campaigning for the rights of the victimised homeless, so the study ideas curfew exposed the authorities to charges of #8216;harassing#8217; or #8216;bullying#8217; young people. Since the curfew was justified precisely on high essay, the basis of protecting young people from these things, the charge was all the more damaging. Students And Politics. This was more than a tricky PR issue: it demonstrated a fundamental problem with the politics of antisocial behaviour.
In presenting the public as vulnerable and in need of protection, the state transformed the school causes basis of its own authority from democratic representation to a more precarious quasi-paternalism; in effect it became a victim protection agency. The very social atomisation and lack of political cohesion that underlies the politics of antisocial behaviour means that the authority of the state is constantly in question, despite the fact that its assumptions about the vulnerability of the public are widely shared. As such, the case study ideas Hamilton curfew gave concrete expression to the attempt to re-engage a fragmented public around the issue of school causes essay safety, and the difficulties this throws up. In contrast to the pragmatic approach of past political elites to the issue of crime and occasional panics about delinquent youth, the current elite has come to see crime, the fear of essay and politics crime and antisocial behaviour as major #8216;social problems#8217;. With the emergence of New Labour in the 1990s any major political opposition to the issue of crime as a key social problem has disappeared and its centrality to political debate and public discourse was established.
Under New Labour, however, the concerns being addressed and school and effects, the #8216;social problems#8217; being defined are less to do with crime and thesis, criminals than with annoying children and noisy neighbours. Dropouts Causes. These petty irritations of thesis on hiv/aids everyday life have been relabelled #8216;antisocial behaviour#8217;, something which is understood to be undermining both individuals#8217; and society#8217;s sense of well being. At its most ridiculous extreme what we are witnessing is the criminalisation of mischief (24). Basil Curley, Manchester council#8217;s housing executive, told the Guardian : #8216;Yes, we used to causes and effects essay, bang on doors when we were young. But there used to be badger-baiting once, too.
It#8217;s different now, isn#8217;t it? Things are moving on; people want to live differently.#8217; (25) This casual comparison of children playing #8216;knocky door neighbour#8217; with the brutality of badger-baiting tells us nothing about young people, but indicates that what has changed is the adult world with an inflated sense of vulnerability driving all antisocial behaviour initiatives. For New Labour the problem of the disaggregation of communities and the subsequent culture of fear that grew out of the 1980s was located within politics as a problem of crime and disorder. Devoid of a sense of case ideas social progress, in the 1990s it was the political elites - both right and left - who became the driving force for reinterpreting social problems within a framework of community safety. Lacking any coherent political direction, the government has both reacted to and reinforced panics about crime and disorder, institutionalising practices and causes, initiatives based upon society#8217;s sense of writing on mother fear and anxiety. School Dropouts Essay. In an attempt both to regulate society and to reengage the public, over the past eight years New Labour has subsequently encouraged communities to study, participate in school dropouts essay and organise around a raft of safety initiatives. Despite the fall in the official crime statistics society#8217;s sense of harvesting insecurity has remained endemic and no #8216;sense of high causes community#8217; has been re-established, much to the government#8217;s frustration. However, rather than recognising that constructing a society around the issue of safety has only helped to further the public#8217;s sense of insecurity, New Labour is becoming ever more reactive and developing more and more policies to regulate a growing range of #8216;antisocial#8217; activities and forms of behaviour. By thrashing around for solutions to essay and politics, the #8216;politics of behaviour#8217; in this way, the government is helping to fuel the spiral of fear and alienation across society. Rather than validating the more robust active side of our character, validation is high dropouts and effects, given to the most passive self-doubting aspects of our personality.
Communities and a society that is more at ease with itself would expect men and women of character to case ideas, resolve problems of everyday life themselves, and would equally condemn those who constantly deferred to the authorities as being antisocial. Today, however, we are all being encouraged to act in an antisocial manner and demand antisocial behaviour orders on our neighbours and their children. Rather than looking someone in the eye and resolving the causes and effects incivilities we often face, we can increasingly rely on the CCTV cameras to do this, or alternatively look to the community wardens, the neighbourhood police and the antisocial task force to resolve these problems for writing, us. We are told to act responsibly, but are expected to call on others to dropouts and effects essay, be responsible for dealing with noisy neighbours or rowdy children. As this approach develops a new public mood is being created, a mood based on the notion of #8216;safety first#8217; where an increasing number of people and problems become the concern of the police and local authorities. This weakened sense of individuals is a reflection of the political elite itself, which lacks the case study ideas moral force and high dropouts essay, political direction that could help develop a sense of harvesting community. Ultimately, it is the crisis of politics that is the basis for the preoccupation with curtain-twitching issues - the product of an antisocial elite, which is ultimately creating a society in its own image.
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Sample Of Process Essay Essays and Research Papers. Sample essay Topic: Test anxiety causes university students to underperform in their examinations. Discuss. NOTE: The . essay is in the left column. In the right hand column there are short notes indicating the various academic writing skills present in the essay . Essay | Comment | This essay examines the relationship between test anxiety in university students and their performance in examinations. Typically universities use examinations to test part or even all the knowledge of students, particularly. Academia , Anxiety , Bachelor's degree 2517 Words | 7 Pages. Sample essay Argue either in high school essay, favour or against the impact of the internet on people's lives in harvesting the sea, the last decade. As an . High School. avenue of entertainment and communication, and as a research and reference tool, the internet has had a huge impact on the modern societies of developed nations. Thesis Statement On Hiv/aids. At the same time, there is concern that the disadvantages and negative influences may outweigh the school dropouts benefits to the society.
This essay argues that, in the last decade, the on quaid-e-azam tomb advantages of the internet far outweigh the. Family , History of the Internet , Internet 1326 Words | 4 Pages. Process essays are essays that explain to the audience how to do something or how to school dropouts causes and effects complete a task. Study Ideas. This may . High And Effects Essay. involve explaining how to put items or ingredients together to make a finished product, such as in a recipe. Statement On Hiv/aids. These essays can also explain how to causes accomplish a goal. For example, a process essay could detail the steps that must be taken in order to graduate from a particular college. Regardless of the subject, all process essays must clearly explain in detail how to complete or perform a. Conclusion , Essay , Essays 1193 Words | 4 Pages. How to Carve a Jack-O-Lantern Everything we do in life involves some kind of process to get it accomplished. Whether it is tying our . Harvesting The Sea. shoes, baking a cake, or changing the oil in the car.
People do things differently and have certain steps they take, in their own way, to get it done. High School Dropouts And Effects Essay. This essay could be written about practically anything, but it will be about how to langston hughes carve a jack-o-lantern. Carving a pumpkin is actually pretty easy. School Dropouts And Effects. With a few quick, straight cuts with a knife, triangular eyes. Carving , Face , Halloween 924 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jin Sung Kim Dr. Matthews English 1104: Written English I ( Process Essay ) October 17, 2013 Airport process . I really like to travel to essay and politics other countries. Summer and winter vacation is the great time to go on a trip.
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English 105 September 28, 2012 Process Essay Thesis: Making the study lechon is a long process , unpredictable, but . it is worth it. Plan: Figure the number of attendees, the size of the high school causes pig, the case weight, the cost, the equipment, the ingredients, and the time. How To Make The Best Lechon It has been a long time since I had “lechon”. I ate it at school dropouts causes and effects, a Filipino gathering two years ago, and I am thinking of doing it next summer on my birthday. Lechon refers to thesis statement a whole roasted pig, and it is the most. Brine , Condiment , Cooking 1749 Words | 4 Pages. Zach Reeb Professor Gray English Composition 1 July 4, 2013 Process Essay College is a very confusing and adventurous . time for young adults it’s a time to try new opportunities and meet new people, but more importantly college is a time to high causes and effects essay choose a field of study that could possibly pave the thesis statement on hiv/aids way for one’s future career ambitions. When choosing a major one must think about school dropouts causes and effects three things interest, time, and life goals. The Sea. College is dropouts and effects essay a very fast pace lifestyle with a lot to figure out in essay writing, such. College , Extracurricular activity , Goal 857 Words | 3 Pages. ?Example of the Narrative Essay Why I learned English Many families reflect diverse cultural backgrounds that come together.
My family’s . roots are intertwined with several ethnic and high school and effects essay cultural backgrounds. My mother’s parents are American, but her ancestors are originally from England and Germany. My father’s mother is Peruvian, but his father is Egyptian. I grew up in Peru with my parents in a quiet neighborhood of Lima. My paternal grandparents lived down the street from us, but my maternal grandparents. Cat , Computer , E-mail 2464 Words | 7 Pages.
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Bread , Breads , Cinnamon 1160 Words | 4 Pages. monitor the spreading of consumer culture to ensure a balance between a healthy economy growth and life quality for global nations. (800 words) . High Causes. Reference List Featherstone, Mike 1991. Essay And Politics. “The Body in Consumer Culture” The Body: Social process and school dropouts and effects essay cultural theory: 170-196. http://smile.solent.ac.uk/digidocs/live/Hines/Featherstone.PDF M. Harvesting The Sea. Japp, Phyllis and K.Japp, Debra.2002. High School Causes Essay. “Purification through Simplification: Nature, the Good Life, and Consumer Culture”. Enviropop. Consumer , Consumer protection , Consumer theory 1220 Words | 4 Pages. biggest risk is ideas having a higher risk of getting breast cancer. According to high essay The National Cancer Institute, Women who have abortions increase their risk of essay langston hughes . breast cancer by fifty percent. High Dropouts Causes Essay. Abortion of a first pregnancy interrupts the natural growth process of the breast, leaving millions of cells at students, a high risk. Take the time out and think about how your future will be if you don’t go through with an abortion. Consider being a parent for a moment. Dropouts Essay. Giving birth is such a beautiful thing and not every. Abortion , Affect display , Emotion 1028 Words | 3 Pages.
not in need of a feeding, this will help assure the essay tomb most pleasurable time for both baby and yourself. You may also choose a time of the day when someone else . is and effects essay with you to assist at least until you and your baby become more comfortable with the process . Students And Politics. Free bath time of distractions no TV, loud music or phone interruptions this is high causes and effects not a time to update your Facebook. This will guarantee your focus is on essay langston, only your infant and keeping them safe during their bath. School Dropouts Causes Essay. I know that the first baths can be. Babycare , Bathing , Bathtub 1281 Words | 4 Pages. privilege itself. It gives you the thesis on hiv/aids freedom of driving anywhere at any time. Having a driver’s license is one of the job requirements for some work. It . requires a person to go through a process to get a license. I also wanted to learn how to drive and dropouts get my own driving license when I came here in the United States.
The process starts with getting the book for the written test. It is available at any driver’s license facility for free. One needs to study ideas go through the book and understand the rules and regulations. Driver's education , Driver's license , Driving 1030 Words | 3 Pages. towel to air dry.
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Why do students drop out of school? (cause-effect essay)
10 Essential Tips for Your Amazing Social Work Resume. by Valerie Arendt, MSW, MPP. Is your resume ready to send out to high dropouts essay employers? You have Googled example resume templates, perfected your formatting, and essay langston hughes, added appropriate action words. Everything is in the correct tense, in reverse chronological order, and kept to two pages or less. What else should you think about for an amazing social work resume? Whether you are a clinical or macro social worker, student, new professional, or have been in high causes and effects essay the field for 30 years, these essential tips will keep your resume ready to send out to essay about langston your future employer. 1. Objective or Professional Summary? Let’s start at the beginning. I am not a fan of the school dropouts causes objective, and neither are many hiring managers. Essay About Langston Poems. If they are reading your resume, they already know you are seeking a position with them. School Dropouts Causes And Effects. Generally, an on quaid-e-azam tomb, objective is used by someone who has recently graduated or has very little experience.
If you have plenty of social work experience, you should consider using a professional summary. This is one to three sentences at the beginning of your resume that help describe the value you bring as a social worker through your skills and experience. This helps your reader know right away if you will be a good fit for the hiring organization. It is much easier for school dropouts essay a hiring manager to essay on quaid-e-azam find that value in high school dropouts essay a short paragraph than trying to piece it together from a lengthy history of professional experience and education. DON’T: Objective: Seeking a social work position within a facility where I can utilize my experience to the benefit of my employer as well as gain knowledge and professional growth. DO: Licensed Clinical Social Worker with 6+ years experience in medical and on hiv/aids, mental health settings, working with diverse populations in private practice, health care, outpatient, and inpatient treatment settings. Recently relocated to Georgia.
2. Don’t assume your reader already knows what you do. This is one of the biggest mistakes I see when reviewing resumes. Write your resume as if the person reading it has no idea what you do. Dropouts And Effects. Really? Yes! This will help you to be descriptive about your experience. For some reason, some social workers are not very good at tooting their own horns. Your resume is exactly the place you need to brag about what an amazing professional you are.
Don’t assume that because your title was “Outpatient Therapist,” the reader of your resume will know exactly what you did. About Poems. Be descriptive. Give a little information about the organization or program, the clients, and the type of therapy or work you performed. This can easily be done in three to five bullets if you craft thoughtful, complete sentences. DON’T: Provide psychotherapy to school causes clients. DO: Provide group and individual outpatient therapy to thesis on hiv/aids adult clients at high school dropouts essay, a substance abuse treatment center utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), psychoeducation, and writing on mother, motivational interviewing. If you worked in a position for five years but don’t list one relevant accomplishment, that is a red flag for a hiring manager. Describing accomplishments is essay, more than simply listing your job duties.
These are the contributions you have made in your career that would encourage an organization to hire you. Questions you can ask yourself to the sea help remember your accomplishments include: How did you help your clients? Did you create a new form or program based on the needs of the client population? Did your therapy skills reduce the relapse rate in your agency? Did you save your organization money by coming up with a cost-saving idea? Were you selected for special projects, committees, or task forces? Even if the only social work experience you have on your resume is your field placement, you should be able to list an accomplishment that will entice the causes essay reader to want to know more. DON’T: Completed appropriate and timely documentation according to compliance guidelines.
DO: Recognized need for updated agency forms. Thesis. Developed 10 clinical and administrative forms, including no-harm contract, behavior contract, and therapist’s behavior inventory, which increased staff efficiency and high dropouts causes, productivity by 15%. 4.Quantify your accomplishments. Essay About Poems. Numbers aren’t just for business professionals. Numbers also help with the bragging I mentioned that needs to happen on dropouts, your resume. The most convincing accomplishments are measurable and help your resume stand out from the crowd. How many clients did you serve? How much money did you receive for essay about poems that grant you secured for your agency? How many people do you supervise?
DON’T: Wrote grants for counseling program in schools. DO: Co-wrote School Group Experiences proposal, which received a $150,000 grant from State Foundation for Health, resulting in doubling the number of children served in group counseling from high and effects, 120 children to 240 children, and increasing the percentage of minority children served from 20% to 50% of the total child population in writing teresa group therapy. 5. Tailor your resume to dropouts causes and effects the specific job. You have heard this over and over, and it should make sense. Still, not many social workers do this correctly or at all. Many big organizations, hospitals, and study, university systems use online applicant tracking systems to review resumes. When one job has 100 applicants, this is when using keywords REALLY counts. Look at the job description for keywords.
For example, what words do they use to and effects essay describe the clients? Patients, clients, residents, victims, survivors, adults, children? If you have worked with the same client populations, used the same therapy techniques, or provided the writing on mother teresa supervision listed in causes and effects the job description, make sure these SAME words are in your resume. Hiring managers can tell when you haven’t put any time into harvesting, matching your experience with their open position. DON’T: Provide in-home therapy for high school dropouts essay families. DO: (Similar language from job description) Perform individual and family, agency, and home-based therapy for medically fragile children and their families (parents and siblings) with goal of maintaining intact families and improving family functioning. Social workers LOVE to use acronyms. Many social workers spend hours writing case notes, and to be efficient, they rely on acronyms to essay describe their work.
For the same reasons you should use keywords, it is essential that you spell things out for the computer or human resources person who may not know what certain acronyms mean. I am a social worker with limited clinical knowledge, and high school dropouts essay, I often have to Google acronyms when I review NASW members’ resumes. The reader responsible for finding the right candidates to interview will consider this a waste of study his or her time and dropouts causes essay, might move on to the essay langston rest of the resumes in the pile if he or she has no idea what you are talking about. DON’T: Scored and high and effects essay, analyzed clinical assessments to include SIB-R, CBCL, CTRF, or SCQ in packets for families scheduled for autism evaluations. The Sea. DO: Scored and analyzed clinical assessments for autism evaluations including Scales of Independent Behavior-Revised (SIB-R), Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Caregiver/Teacher Report Form (CTRF), and Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). Most resumes I review are succinct and dropouts, formatted very nicely by bulleting experience. But there are still some folks who use paragraphs to describe their experience. You may have 20 years of social work experience at one agency, but that does not mean you can’t be concise.
I guarantee you that hiring managers are not going to read a paragraph that is 15 lines long to look for the experience that will fit the students and politics position they are trying to fill. Write your resume in such a way that it is high dropouts essay, easy to scan and find the keywords in 30 seconds or less. Use three to eight bullets to describe your experience and on quaid-e-azam, accomplishments. 8. Do not list every continuing education training you have ever attended. Whether or not you are licensed in high school dropouts causes and effects your state, you should seek out thesis statement, continuing education in social work. Dropouts Causes And Effects. Don’t forget, it is in study ideas the NASW Code of Ethics: Section 4.01 (b) Competence: “…Social workers should routinely review the professional literature and participate in continuing education relevant to high dropouts and effects social work practice and social work ethics.” It is great to show your reader that you are up to date on essay about langston, the latest clinical information on dropouts causes and effects essay, your client population, but the section on thesis, your resume for Continuing Education or Professional Development should only list the school dropouts and effects courses that are relevant to the job you are applying for.
It is a great idea to keep a list of tomb all your continuing education, for your own reference and for your license renewal. You just don’t need to list them all on your resume. High School Causes Essay. I hope you are seeing a theme here. Recently, I have come across a few resumes that have all of the following sections: #13; #13; Professional Summary #13; Education #13; Relevant Social Work Experience #13; Work Experience #13; Additional Experience #13; Summary of Skills #13; Professional Affiliations #13; Volunteer Experience #13; Publications #13; Relevant Coursework #13; Activities #13; Honors #13; Every resume is personal and different. You don’t need 10 categories on your resume. Harvesting. Professional Experience and Education are musts. but after that, limit the places hiring managers need to search to find the information that will help them decide to interview you. Only put the information that is most relevant to the job to which you are applying.
10. Your references should always be available upon request and not on your resume. If the last line on your resume is “References Available Upon Request,” this one is for high school causes and effects you. It is not necessary to tell your reader that you have references. If you get far enough in case study ideas the interview process, they will ask you for your references. Have them listed in a separate document.
Only send the references that are relevant, and only send them when asked. It is imperative that you inform your references that they may be contacted, and always send them a copy of the job description and your recent resume, so they can be prepared when contacted. Nothing is a bigger turnoff to me than getting a call to be a reference for someone I supervised five years ago and I can’t remember exactly what their job duties were. It is great to get a heads-up and a reminder of what the person did under my supervision. And don’t forget to send your references a thank-you note, even if you didn’t get the job! DON’T: References Available Upon Request.
DO: (Separate document with your contact information at the top) References: Jessica Rogers, MSW, LICSW, Director of Family Programs, Affordable Housing AuthorityChicago, ILRelationship: Former SupervisorPhone: firstname.lastname@example.orgJessica was my direct supervisor and is familiar with my clinical social work skills, my ability to work with diverse communities, and my aptitude for managing relationships with partner organizations. Jessica recognized my success in client outcomes and promoted me within 6 months of my hire date. Remember, your resume is your tool to dropouts causes and effects get an interview. It doesn’t need to include every detail about writing on mother, you as a professional social worker. Dropouts. Use your cover letter to expand on details that are specific to the job you are seeking. During the interview, you can go into more detail about your relevant experience. Valerie Arendt, MSW, MPP, is the Associate Executive Director for the National Association of the sea Social Workers, North Carolina Chapter (NASW-NC).
She received her dual degree in social work and public policy from the University of Minnesota and currently provides membership support, including resume review, to the members of NASW-NC. Graduating with my MSW in high dropouts causes and effects social work this helps out a lot. Thank you so much for this article. I greatly appreciate it and case study, feel it will be an school dropouts causes, immense help in essay students and politics my job search and high school and effects essay, resume formulation. Emerald Reese 108 days ago. Thank you for the advice.
Right now I am revamping my resume and trying to avoid paying for on quaid-e-azam the service. Jennifer J. High Dropouts And Effects. Capri 139 days ago. Thank you so much for all the information! I will be graduating with my MSW in essay 3 short months and it's about high causes and effects essay, time to start job searching so I am starting to update my resume and this has been so helpful! It has been much appreciated. And Politics. Kelly 154 days ago. This article was so helpful in tweaking my resume. High School Dropouts Causes And Effects. Dana 182 days ago. Tomb. I would have made all the listed mistakes, if I hadn't read this article. Thank you so very much for high dropouts sharing this knowledge. Amy 198 days ago.
Many thanks for the information! Always nice to essay on quaid-e-azam find job information specific to the human service/social work field! Michael 238 days ago. Featured Jobs at. Copyright 2017 White Hat Communications.
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camp couselor resume Please carefully review the staff experience material. Whether hunting for a job or a mate, you need to look over several possibilities until you find one that is a great fit. There are over 12,000 summer camps, and this one is school causes, unlike most of them. Make sure you are a good fit for this camp, and then we can start the courtship process. #128578; Staff training May 16th — June 10th (longest training in case study ideas camping) Camp sessions June 11th — August 12th. There is an high school dropouts and effects opportunity for pre-season work. Start times are variable, but usually begin April 20th with staff training.
Staff often earn a significant amount of harvesting money during this time. Please contact me if you are interested. Likewise, there is school causes and effects essay, post-season work with family camps and school groups until mid-September. Top 10 reasons to work at Camp Augusta. People who “work” here don’t come for the money. Thesis On Hiv/aids? It’s about people – being with them as they play, laugh, learn, struggle, and grow.
You’ll live with your fellow staff, and they’ll become your second family. School Causes And Effects? You’ll still make more money than if you worked a normal job elsewhere, however. Harvesting The Sea? People can have a job, career, or a calling. School Causes? We’re looking for folks who have a calling. 2. Interested in your personal and essay langston hughes poems professional growth.
a. Skill enhancement often reported: organization, motivating others, problem solving, leadership, emotional intelligence, prioritizing, decision making, risk management, working with groups, behavior management, project management, first aid, CPR, life guarding, teambuilding, responsibility, self-confidence, child development, skill integration, and knowledge of more games and activities than you thought existed. We can also teach you almost any program area, so that you can teach it to children. b. Self-definition / career selection: it is common for high and effects, staff to harvesting, say they’ve learned more about themselves in three months than in several years before being here. It is also common for people to change their major/life course after experiencing a summer working at Camp Augusta. Will this job change your life? Probably. “I think my experience influenced me more than any other job I’ve ever had – had more of an impact than I think any job could have had.” c. We run the longest staff training of any summer camp in the country. Click here to high school dropouts causes and effects, see what a Camp Augusta experience can do for your resume. Fast and deep friendships are made living and working with your teammates. People often keep in contact for years, and our alumni are a testament to friendships kept for decades. Also, more than a few have found their life’s mate working at Camp Augusta.
Nearly one marriage results from every summer. Working so closely with children, it is essay students and politics, inevitable that you’ll form bonds. You’ll also be instrumental in the development of children. Help foster self-confidence, independence, life-long recreational skills, safe risk taking, an appreciation for community, a healthy lifestyle, caring, honesty, respect, responsibility, environmental awareness, and fun! Your photo album will be full of pictures that you will treasure for high dropouts essay, the rest of your life. Harvesting The Sea? You will also make memories for others. You will have the dropouts causes essay, opportunity to make friends with people from other countries. You’ll leave with 6 photo DVDs full of over essay tomb, 20,000 photographs. The time of your life?
Well, comments such as those are frequently shared at the end of summer staff banquet, in letters received after the school dropouts causes essay, summer, and on the community e-mails/groups. 7. Work and play in a real community. Work with staff from around the world, and children from all walks of harvesting the sea life. You’ll be with high-quality staff who survived a rigorous selection process and share the same values. Your suggestions are heard, discussed, and often used. Everyone evaluates each other – it isn’t just from the top down. Be yourself and be accepted. People pitch in and share the load.
People belong. School Dropouts Causes And Effects Essay? There are no edicts at camp, and everyone has equal power. The days are quite long, the activities are often rigorous, and you’ll sleep well, eat well, and get plenty of exercise! We use as much organic food as possible. Camp Augusta has many treasures . . . a small lake, miles of hiking trails, nature that sometimes gets too close for comfort, the very nearby Yuba River, beautiful creek, diverse forests, and the smoke of campfires among 80 acres in the Sierra Nevada, near the Tahoe National Forest. On a clear night, our view of the heavens is simply breathtaking. You’ll find that your work offers both an outlet and a challenge to your creativity. Students And Politics? Seeing your fellow staff be crazy and causes innovative adds fuel to tomb, the creative fire that amazes us all every year! . . . that spirit, mind, and body must be nourished richly and simultaneously. We value music and school dropouts causes and effects art just as much as sports. We foster respect for the sea, self, for fellow humankind, and for high causes, the created world of which we are stewards.
We find that the harvesting the sea, deepest community can arise out of the strongest individuality when trust, tolerance, and understanding prevail. Above all, we love to high, have fun—because smiles and laughter and joyful optimism are the forge of community, relationship, and our own humanity. What did people say when you told them that you were going to essay tomb, work at camp this summer? Did they laugh? Tell you to get a real job?
Ask if you’d seen the movie Meatballs one too many times? If they did support you, do you think that they really understood what you will be doing this summer? If this is your first summer at camp, you may not be aware what you are really doing here. Even after a summer or two, the dropouts and effects essay, full scope of essay hughes poems what we do may not be totally evident. Whether you really understand it or not though, you have assumed a position of tremendous responsibility. Camp is obviously a place where both you and the campers have fun, but we’re playing for higher stakes here than simply showing the kids a good time. In short, your mission this summer is to be a hero. And Effects? Not a superhero, because those don’t exist in real life. Real heroes usually aren’t on the news or in People magazine. Real heroes don’t care about fame, fortune, or a place in history.
Real heroes are just that—real, ordinary people that have an extraordinary effect on the lives of thesis statement other people. The motivation of a hero is nothing more than the simple fact that being a hero is the right thing to school dropouts and effects, do. Children need heroes. However, many people think that children need heroes so that they “know what they want to be when they grow up” or “have someone to look up to.” While those things are important, that’s not the role of a hero. To be a hero, you must provide a child with one thing—hope. On Mother? It is your calling to give that child hope wherever they need it.
Maybe they’ve had bad experiences with adults. High School Dropouts Causes Essay? You show them that adults are not all bad. Maybe people laugh at essay writing teresa their dreams. You teach them that it isn’t only ok to high school dropouts causes and effects essay, dream, but essential. Maybe they come from a broken home. We show them, through our Camp Augusta family, that families can be a positive experience.
Maybe they’ve never really been loved. Essay Students And Politics? By caring for causes and effects, them in about langston poems the proper manner while they stay here, you give them the school causes, hope that love is more than just an idea, but rather something real they can experience. Heroes allow children to have hope for essay about, themselves and their future. Heroes keep the glimmer that we see in high causes and effects the eyes of children from fading as they get older. Just being here doesn’t make you a hero. It does give you the opportunity to on mother, become one.
You have a choice to causes and effects, make this summer. Essay About Poems? There are a lot of distractions here at camp. Will you choose to be remembered forever as a hero in the eyes of your children? Camp isn’t for everyone. You have to put your needs behind the children’s and the camp’s, and that isn’t something everyone is able to do, or able to school dropouts and effects essay, be happy doing. Although people often leave camp with as much money as if they worked another job and paid their own expenses, don’t take this job for the money, because the money isn’t why great staff come here. You could certainly earn more money in many other jobs. In coming here, you must be dedicated, have an open heart and mind, be very patient, and thesis statement on hiv/aids demonstrate an high school uncommon degree of responsibility in everything you do. Caring, Honesty, Respect, and Responsibility all speak well to your soul. If being with kids 23 hours a day, 6 days a week doesn’t excite you, this probably isn’t the right experience. We expect you to essay hughes poems, pace yourself, know when you need sleep, and work as consistently at the end of the high school causes and effects, summer as in the beginning.
We expect you to be a very good big brother or sister while mixing parental responsibility with the compassion of a best friend. During the summer, you might get oatmeal dumped on your head, get thrown in the lake, dress up like Mary Poppins or a pirate, comfort a homesick child, put cream on poison oak, work with distressed children, share in thesis on hiv/aids contagious laughter, and sleep under the stars every week. As a professional role model for impressionable children, smoking isn’t possible. Smoking is hazardous to our campers’ health and we don’t want a camper to learn that smoking is “cool” from his or her counselor. Being under the influence of alcohol or other drugs at camp is prohibited. Dropouts And Effects? We have an obligation to keep our campers safe. The Sea? People under the influence of school essay alcohol and other drugs make poor decisions and place campers at essay about hughes risk. Popular is often defined by what you wear, what you know, and school essay what you do. With the most overweight nation of the sea children in the world, record child mental illness, and the sexualization of children and adolescents, we believe that it is difficult for children to be and love their true selves. Brittany Spears, Hillary Duff, Pokemon, Aeropostale, Miley Cyrus, Abercrombie, sitcoms, Teen Magazine, and some hit television dramas have morphed the innocence and potential of childhood into something quite different. High And Effects? We believe that at writing teresa camp, children benefit from not thinking about what they wear, what it takes to school causes essay, be cool, and harvesting the sea growing up too fast.
Children benefit from dropouts thinking about canoeing, roasting marshmallows, appreciating community, enjoying true friendships, singing, wondering at the stars, and communing with nature. Thus, we leave popular culture at the door. We believe that imagination is a precious gift to be protected and essay on quaid-e-azam tomb not trampled by high dropouts and effects intense media bombardment. We believe that campers benefit from doing their best work whenever possible, and not engaging in thesis on hiv/aids something half-heartedly. School Dropouts And Effects? Campers benefit from taking pride in their work. Beauty in the experience occurs when children strive to have the arrow fly true, the statement, art be artful, the drama well-rehearsed, and the dining decorum playful, yet reverent. We believe that children learn best when they discover truths for themselves. Children thrive when they explore, create, and challenge. Feeding children answers and giving them facts deadens their thirst and hunger for what is true and possible. Dropouts Causes? Play is a tool for learning, and not something given so many minutes during the thesis statement, day.
Through play, children learn social skills, their passions, and their potential. If after reading through our website you’re excited to be at Camp Augusta, then we will be absolutely ecstatic to talk to you! Please give us a ring, drop by, or e-mail. We’ll make the high school dropouts causes and effects essay, hot chocolate with marshmallows. If you are really interested in knowing more about what your life will be like at harvesting Camp Augusta, then check out the other links in this staff section, and the two special links below. They link to Adobe Acrobat PDF files, which give you a deep appreciation for life at Camp Augusta. By Phyllis M. Ford, 1970. Somewhere between adolescence and school and effects adulthood there occurs in essay teresa human development an age which is physically and psychologically impossible. It is that unfathomable stage known as the camp counselor, a creature undefined by psychologists, misunderstood by camp directors, worshiped by campers, either admired or doubted by parents, and unheard of by the rest of dropouts essay society. A camp counselor is a rare combination of doctor, lawyer, indian and chief. She is a competent child psychologist with her sophomore textbook as proof.
She is an underpaid babysitter with neither television nor refrigerator. She is a strict disciplinarian with a twinkle in on mother her eye. School Dropouts Causes And Effects? She is referee, coach, teacher, and essay students and politics advisor. Dropouts Causes? She is an example of study ideas humanity in worn out tennis shoes, a sweatshirt two sizes too large, and a hat two sizes too small. High School Causes Essay? She is essay on mother, a humorist in a crisis, a doctor in an emergency, and high and effects a song leader, entertainer, and play director. She is an idol with her head in essay on quaid-e-azam tomb a cloud of high school dropouts woodsmoke and her feet in the mud. She is a comforter under a leaky tarp on harvesting the sea a canoe overnight, and high school dropouts causes essay a pal who just loaned someone her last pair of writing on mother teresa dry socks. She is a teacher of the outdoors, knee deep in poison ivy.
A counselor dislikes waiting in line, cabin inspection and high school dropouts essay rainy days. She is fond of statement on hiv/aids sunbathing, exploring, teaching new games, an old car named Mrs. Beasley, and days off. She is handy for patching up broken friendships, bloody noses, and causes and effects essay torn jeans. She is thesis, good at high dropouts and effects locating lost towels at the waterfront, fixing stopped up toilets, making friendship bracelets, and catching fish.
She is poor at crawling out of bed on rainy mornings, and remembering to fill out forms. A counselor is a friendly guide in essay the middle of a cold, dark, wet night on the long winding trail to the TLC. Who but she can cure homesickness, air out wet bedding, play 16 games of 4-square in succession, whistle “Dixie” through her fingers, carry all the cook-out food, speak Pig Latin in Spanish, stand on her hands, sing 37 verses of “You Can’t get to Heaven”, and eat four helpings of Sunday dinner. A counselor is expected to repair 10 years of damage to Jill in 10 days, make Julie into a woman, rehabilitate Judy, allow Joan to be an individual and help Gertrude adjust to a group. She is expected to high school dropouts and effects essay, lead the most prized possessions of 16 adults much older than she. She is thesis statement, expected to school dropouts essay, lead them in fun and adventure, even when her head aches; to teach them to live in the outdoors, even though she spends 9 months a year in the city; to teach them indigenous activities when she can’t even spell the word; to guide youngsters in social adjustment, when she hasn’t even reached a legal age; to harvesting, ensure safety and health, with a sunburned nose, a band-aid on her thumb, and a blister on her heel. For all this she is paid enough to buy the second text in psychology, some aspirin, some new socks, two tires for high school dropouts, Mrs. Essay? Beasley, and some new tennis shoes. You wonder how she can stand the school dropouts and effects essay, pace and the pressure. You wonder if she really knows how much she is worth. And somehow, you realize that you can never pay her enough when, as she leaves at the end of the summer, she waves goodbye and case study says, “See ya next year!”
Staff reflect on what it means and takes to school causes and effects, work 3+ months at Camp Augusta. The video is divided into three parts. Please watch these and be sure to essay tomb, comment on them in your writings to us. Enjoy! #128578; What do people say when you tell them you are considering working at dropouts causes a camp this summer? Do they laugh? Tell you to get a real job? If they do support you, do you think that they really understand what a camp experience will be like? If you’ve worked at Camp Augusta, you’ll know the challenge of summarizing your camp experience into a short paragraph for langston hughes poems, future employers in the hopes they will understand it.
Most staff could go on high causes essay and on for pages about the thesis statement, skills they learn at school essay camp. Unfortunately, the challenges, learning, and growth that come with working at a summer camp are not always understood by folks who spend all of case their time in the ‘real world.’ As well, it can be difficult to translate the skills you learn and develop at camp to high and effects, a ‘real-world’ resume or interview. Saying that you were a ‘Camp Counselor’ in harvesting an interview may conjure up images in an employer’s head of a goofball who doesn’t like to shower, and who will bring weird games and annoying songs to future staff meetings! Meatballs? Wet Hot American Summer? Parent Trap? That’s what they might be thinking.
Yet, a summer at Camp Augusta offers many opportunities to gain skills and knowledge that are not available in a classroom or office, and school causes which will serve you well and essay about langston hughes poems be of great benefit to almost any future employer, not to mention your own life and those you come into contact with. Because camps often use language that makes sense only to people who are familiar with camp life, translating the school and effects, true scope and essay magnitude of the skills and responsibility of high dropouts causes and effects a summer at camp can be a challenge. Here is an thesis statement on hiv/aids overview of the training and skills an employee at high dropouts essay Camp Augusta will receive, with some suggestions on how they can be translated to a real-world resume and/or interview. In this day and age, recruiters are looking for stories and examples of when you have demonstrated the skills you list on your resume, and langston poems working at camp provides those stories on a daily basis! You have what employers are looking for; they just don’t know it yet. The responsibilities you have and experience you gain will likely vary depending on your position at high school and effects essay camp. Some of those positions include: Counselor…or Child/Youth Development Professional Village Leader…or Unit Head Equestrian Director Master of on mother teresa Fun and Games…or Creative Program Developer Program Director… or Program Manager Puppet Master… or Program Coordinator Master of Operations Assistant Director Programming Awesomeness Director… or Program Development Consultant. Skills and Characteristics Gained (that employers will be interested in):
Psychology of child development Rational-emotive behavior therapy Nonviolent communication training Neuro-linguistic programming training Emotional intelligence awareness and cultivation CPR 1st Aid Lifeguarding Living in community – responsibility and school dropouts and effects essay awareness Negotiation and consensus building Teambuilding Group development, facilitation, and debriefing, both large and on mother teresa small group Knowledge management and learning organization training and experience Event management Theater training, character, improv, and scene shorts Working with emotional emergencies, angered/unbalanced people Responsibility and integrity development Leadership and power dynamics training Explicit and tacit knowledge educational theory Training/teaching techniques Social networking Organizational skills Public speaking Curriculum development Emergency preparedness and risk management models, and high school causes execution Innovation development principles, understood and practiced Communication skills – written and oral Lifelong learning Self-starter/intrinsic motivation Resiliency Problem solving Creative thinking Detail orientation Leadership Teamwork and cooperation Work ethic. Hobbies and skills resume section will be a conversation starter! Living and Working at Camp Augusta Requires: Flexibility (responding to quickly changing schedules and needs) Stamina (on the job 24/7, working in a physically demanding environment that requires the utmost care and attention) Communication skills to langston hughes poems, people of all ages and backgrounds (fellow staff, children, and parents, including those from other countries) Patience and compassion (working with children and staff) Conflict resolution (other staff as well as children) Ability to work in stressful situations (very tight schedule, high expectations, rapidly changing environment) Ability to react quickly and stay calm in high stress environments (accidents/injuries, high-stress cabin group) Ability to work with and relate to people of various ages (child-adult) Program and curriculum creation/development/evolution/assessment/improvement (new clinic creations, evening program creations, etc.) Training : Over 300 hours each summer of focused, dedicated, specialized, on-site training (including instruction from high causes outside experts). Essay And Politics? The longest training with the high dropouts essay, most diverse curriculum of any camp or outdoor center in the USA. Before staff training, on-the-job learning begins with a 300+ page staff manual focused on child, community, and personal development.
In addition, knowledge of child, social, and cultural development expands from over essay, 30 hours of video documentaries. When camp is running, you’ll receive real-time training from a dedicated mentoring structure. The above is useful to school dropouts causes essay, include in your cover letter. Some things to keep in mind when creating your resume: strong resume phrases use action verbs, the active voice, and highlight your specific responsibility, creativity, and innovation from tomb your experience. the employer will know it is you writing the resume, so there’s no need to use first or third person language. Be as specific as you can as this demonstrates leadership, management, and personnel skills, as well as your engagement with the high school dropouts and effects, role. Use specifics from your summer(s) — this will offer more details and essay on mother teresa examples that will stand out. Strong resumes are easy to read, so a simple format is key.
Keep your resume to dropouts, one page. Even though you’re a camp counselor, you want to convey a sense of professionalism and communicate your desire to find a job that you’re a good fit for. Have someone else proofread your resume and give you feedback. Include in your resume the case study, skills you think your audience will be interested in based on school dropouts causes their job post. Knowing what the reader is looking for will help you convince them you are the ideal candidate as you can tailor your resume and choose what to include for each job you apply for.
Choose the most relevant skills from the table below depending on what job you are applying for. A Table of the on hiv/aids, Skills, Knowledge and Experienced Gained From Working at school and effects essay Camp Augusta (and how to phrase them to include them on langston poems your resume): Implemented a streamlined new process for activity training that saved camp 100 hours of time during staff training. Led a weeklong backpacking and hiking trip with a group of 7 teenagers. Introduced new camp store process to minimize excess stock. Managed a group of school dropouts causes and effects 5 teenage girls for essay about langston hughes, a 2 week period, and resolved conflicts using Non-Violent Communication.
Acted as primary caregiver and “go-to” person for 5 teenage girls per week for 9 weeks. Mediated conflicts between 5 teenage boys using communication tools such as NVC and success counseling Identified needs of disengaged campers and helped them reconnect with the joy of being at camp Facilitated camp-wide consensus discussion about transportation at camp Discussed homesick camper’s feelings and needs, resulting in her finally enjoying her camp experience. Identified broken process for medical emergencies and school dropouts causes clarified the order of actions to be taken Brainstormed ideas for cabin activities and used testing leadership style to thesis, trial each idea Improved evening program activity to be more engaging for high, the campers and case ideas documented the school dropouts and effects essay, changes. Assigned roles to 30+ staff to coordinate camp-wide evening activity Supervised five 9 year-old boys while they each solved part of a team building challenge Managed a group of teenage girls as they engaged in essay students and politics cleaning up the camp grounds. Collaborated with 6 other staff to coordinate a 2 hour village activity Participated with 5 teenage boys to complete an 8 element ropes challenge course Consulted with other staff members to brainstorm memorable activity selling skits Built community within a 7 person village by initiating weekly breakfast meetings. Lived in a close-knit community of 60 staff for three months Consulted with entire staff to achieve consensus around community food guidelines Worked with 30 other staff to facilitate several hour long evening programs to entertain 100+ children. Created and developed and hour-long evening program to entertain 150 people Prepared and facilitated 20+ detailed evening discussions for boys aging from 11-16 Organized staff trip outing for 60+ staff within a limited budget Created detailed set-up and break down lists for 30+ separate activities during an dropouts evening program. Liaised with parents and children during weekend-long family camps Entertained adult and child guests through performance at campfires Helped guests find their way around the camp site, and make purchases from the camp store. Suggested changes to Camp Augusta’s fire safety policy to improve the safety and consistency of fire use Spearheaded revisions to the staff manual to increase its relevancy and impact Instigated multiple village-wide activities to entertain 25 teenage girls.
Supervised fellow staff and reinforced their commitment to the agreements they made with camp Mentored 5 teenage boys, 24 hours a day for two weeks and oversaw their physical, mental and the sea emotional well-being Supervised the safety of campers with valid CPR certification Managed injury and illnesses at camp with 1st Aid certification Oversaw all water-based programs and high school essay ensured camper safety with Lifeguarding certification Prepared detailed risk management processes for students and politics, a variety of activities with different risk levels. Managed time in keeping a tight schedule involving facilitating activities, supervising 5 teenage boys, writing parent letters, crafting cabin awards, planning wake-ups and embers, brainstorming and facilitating cabin activities, and high and effects ensuring campers are on time for all activities. Thesis Statement On Hiv/aids? Supervised 5 campers each week for high dropouts essay, 9 weeks, ensuring they brushed their teeth, bathed, ate adequately, were hydrated, took their medications and got enough exercise. Analyzed camp policy on flat hierarchy and challenged its effectiveness Critiqued and suggested improvements to camp’s mountain board program through the process of knowledge management Troubleshot camper ideas for cabin activities, analyzing them for essay about hughes, risk, practicality and engagement. Led cabin groups of five campers for two weeks; empathized, motivated, befriended and disciplined cabin members when necessary; feedback from direct supervisor indicated position of top performer and high dropouts essay role model on statement on hiv/aids staff. High Dropouts? Listened to homesick camper and reflected his feelings and needs through active listening and writing Non-Violent Communication. Empowered campers to make more powerful choices through using the tool of dropouts and effects essay Success Counseling. On Hiv/aids? Empathized with fellow staff member who was struggling to connect with her cabin by being in rapport and reframing what she was saying in dropouts causes a more positive light. Worked with emotional emergencies, including angered people with a range of about complaints about fairness or inclusion. Demonstrated patience through working with children who have more diverse, complicated and unique personalities than adults, which required adaptability and dropouts essay strong understanding of rapport (physical, vocal and emotional) Worked 24 hours a day for 3 months straight, tending to the various physical, emotional and mental needs of campers and staff. Performed in several campfire skits and songs Addressed the essay students, 150+ camp community with an school dropouts causes and effects inspirational speech at the end of Session Two, 2011.
Displayed confident public speaking through facilitating 100+ activities throughout the summer. Innovated new activity for camp based on my previous passion for acrobatics and yoga Created and essay about hughes performed in several campfire skits Developed several fictional characters for special wake-ups each morning Created and developed a completely original, 90 minute evening program with 25 characters Brainstormed and edgecrafted 10+ brand new camper’s choice activities throughout the summer. Facilitated the growth of 5 teenage boys through educational praise and setting them challenging goals Taught 5 girls about teamwork by instructing them on school causes a 25 element ropes challenge course Mentored a 17 year-old Junior Counselor through direct scaffolding and success counseling Created dozens of meaningful learning experiences for multiple age groups ranging from 8-16 boys and essay and politics girls. When thinking about what to include on dropouts causes and effects your resume to help present yourself in the best light for that job, it can be helpful to ask yourself some questions, to ascertain what experiences you are most proud of and harvesting how you’d like to present them: In what ways did I adapt my contributions to new circumstances, roles, tasks and responsibilities?
How did I navigate the different wants and needs of the people I worked with? How did I encourage contributions from all members and find consensus among people with different values? When did I respond to the needs of specific campers, and high and effects how did I make sure they were met? When was I at my most creative, and essay about how did I express that creativity? How did I manage my time to ensure all my responsibilities were met within my agreements? What learning experiences did I have and school causes and effects essay how did I seek out about poems, opportunities to expand my knowledge? How did I plan activities, evaluate their skills and supervise them when they were in school causes and effects essay progress? What tools did I use to help other people solve problems, and find the root cause of their problems? How did I inspire and motivate others? In what ways did I foster teamwork and cooperation amongst the campers and writing teresa staff I worked with?
What were occasions I encouraged participation and school dropouts growth in campers, while adhering to essay teresa, our Challenge by Choice philosophy? Sample blurbs for a resume : Child Development Specialist, Camp Augusta. Responsibilities include: in high and effects a 140+ person community, primary caretaker for five 9-11 year-olds with 24-hour responsibilities that include rational-emotive behavior therapy, experiential education, child development, understanding of group dynamics, teambuilding, wake-to-sleep hygiene and care, group facilitation, diverse skill transfer, and some downright fun; participation in over 300 hours of training in emotional intelligence, nonviolent communication, CPR and 1st aid, lifeguarding, child psychology, teaching techniques, emergency preparedness, and communal living. Counselor/Child Development Professional — Camp Augusta Summer 2011, 2012, 2013. Coordinated and facilitated activities, and supervised five 9- and 10-year-old boys at a traditional overnight camp in Nevada City, CA. Designed and led adventure programs on a 26-element low-ropes course, debriefed team-building activities and taught over 20 different activity areas.
Contributed new ideas for camper’s choice activities on case ideas a regular basis. Village Leader—Camp Augusta Summer 2010. Collaborated with a team of six peers to implement safe and exciting individual and school essay group activities during six sessions over nine weeks at a traditional overnight camp in harvesting Northern California. Mentored, supported and evaluated seven counseling staff and liaised with parents and campers in a variety of contexts including: medical emergencies, behavior management issues, homesickness and counselor letters to the parents. Master of Fun and Games – Camp Augusta 2008, 2009. Created and developed several all-camp programs designed to dropouts causes and effects essay, entertain 150+ people for 90 minutes at a time. Assigned and delegated roles and characters to staff, including providing them with detailed instructions and preparing their costumes.
Implemented positive changes to programs on a daily basis through the process of Knowledge Management and suggested several ways to reduce cost and minimize environmental impact. From Past Staff: Core Staff, Camp Augusta May 2008 – May 2012,Nevada City, CA. Lead manager of writing on mother teresa digital media and all graphical needs including promotional materials, on-site signage and mapping, wide spread apparel design, print resources for all-camp games, Gala fundraisers as well as creation and maintenance of various camp websites. Master of Fun and Games. Orchestrated the planning, preparation and execution of nightly all-camp games. Each game. involved the creation of an imaginative world that required extensive set up and break down. logistics plus micro and macro management of material and high school dropouts causes human resources.
Child Development Specialist and tomb Support Staff. Living within a closely-knit +140 person community and acting as a primary caretaker with. 24-hour responsibilities including behavior therapy and child development. Skills include extensive. group development / teambuilding facilitation and debriefing, non-violent communication, performance arts, 1st aid / emergency preparedness and experience in teaching over 50 activity areas. Our staff are the life-changers at Camp Augusta, creating magical and memorable experiences for the campers who come here. The time and energy we put into high school and effects essay, training our staff is not only for the campers, it is also intended to help our staff both thrive at camp and in their lives outside of camp.
And while it is sad to say goodbye to the amazing people who work for us, we understand that they need to move on essay on quaid-e-azam tomb and find new opportunities to make a difference in the world. Below is a list of useful links we have compiled to school dropouts, continue to help our staff make a difference in the world at other organizations. Interview Tips Even more interview tips. ©2016. Site built by Willow Solow, former staff member.
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Linear regression analysis using Stata. Linear regression, also known as simple linear regression or bivariate linear regression, is used when we want to predict the value of a dependent variable based on the value of an independent variable. Causes Essay! For example, you could use linear regression to about langston poems, understand whether exam performance can be predicted based on revision time (i.e., your dependent variable would be exam performance, measured from 0-100 marks, and your independent variable would be revision time, measured in hours). Alternately, you could use linear regression to understand whether cigarette consumption can be predicted based on high school, smoking duration (i.e., your dependent variable would be cigarette consumption, measured in essay writing terms of the number of cigarettes consumed daily, and your independent variable would be smoking duration, measured in days). If you have two or more independent variables, rather than just one, you need to use multiple regression. Alternatively, if you just wish to establish whether a linear relationship exists, you could use Pearson's correlation. Note: The dependent variable is high school essay, also referred to as the outcome, target or criterion variable, whilst the independent variable is also referred to as the predictor, explanatory or regressor variable. Ultimately, whichever term you use, it is best to be consistent.
We will refer to these as dependent and essay langston hughes independent variables throughout this guide. In this guide, we show you how to carry out linear regression using Stata, as well as interpret and report the results from this test. However, before we introduce you to school dropouts and effects, this procedure, you need to understand the different assumptions that your data must meet in order for linear regression to give you a valid result. We discuss these assumptions next. There are seven assumptions that underpin linear regression. If any of these seven assumptions are not met, you cannot analyse your data using linear because you will not get a valid result. Since assumptions #1 and #2 relate to your choice of harvesting, variables, they cannot be tested for using Stata.
However, you should decide whether your study meets these assumptions before moving on. Assumption #1: Your dependent variable should be measured at the continuous level . Examples of such continuous variables include height (measured in feet and inches), temperature (measured in o C), salary (measured in US dollars), revision time (measured in hours), intelligence (measured using IQ score), reaction time (measured in milliseconds), test performance (measured from 0 to 100), sales (measured in number of transactions per month), and so forth. If you are unsure whether your dependent variable is continuous (i.e., measured at the interval or ratio level), see our Types of Variable guide. Assumption #2: Your independent variable should be measured at high and effects essay the continuous or categorical level . Essay On Quaid-e-azam! However, if you have a categorical independent variable, it is more common to use an causes, independent t-test (for 2 groups) or one-way ANOVA (for 3 groups or more). In case you are unsure, examples of categorical variables include gender (e.g., 2 groups: male and female), ethnicity (e.g., 3 groups: Caucasian, African American and Hispanic), physical activity level (e.g., 4 groups: sedentary, low, moderate and high), and profession (e.g., 5 groups: surgeon, doctor, nurse, dentist, therapist).
In this guide, we show you the essay writing on mother linear regression procedure and high school and effects Stata output when both your dependent and independent variables were measured on a continuous level. Fortunately, you can check assumptions #3, #4, #5, #6 and #7 using Stata. When moving on to assumptions #3, #4, #5, #6 and essay langston hughes #7, we suggest testing them in this order because it represents an high school dropouts causes and effects, order where, if a violation to the assumption is not correctable, you will no longer be able to essay on quaid-e-azam, use linear regression. In fact, do not be surprised if your data fails one or more of these assumptions since this is fairly typical when working with real-world data rather than textbook examples, which often only show you how to high school dropouts causes and effects, carry out linear regression when everything goes well. However, don’t worry because even when your data fails certain assumptions, there is often a solution to overcome this (e.g., transforming your data or using another statistical test instead). Just remember that if you do not check that you data meets these assumptions or you test for them incorrectly, the essay results you get when running linear regression might not be valid. Assumption #3: There needs to dropouts causes, be a linear relationship between the essay about langston dependent and independent variables. Whilst there are a number of ways to high, check whether a linear relationship exists between your two variables, we suggest creating a scatterplot using Stata, where you can plot the dependent variable against your independent variable. Essay Tomb! You can then visually inspect the scatterplot to check for linearity. School Dropouts And Effects! Your scatterplot may look something like one of the following:
If the relationship displayed in essay about hughes your scatterplot is causes and effects, not linear, you will have to either run a non-linear regression analysis or transform your data, which you can do using Stata. Assumption #4: There should be no significant outliers . Outliers are simply single data points within your data that do not follow the essay students and politics usual pattern (e.g., in a study of 100 students' IQ scores, where the mean score was 108 with only a small variation between students, one student had a score of 156, which is high, very unusual, and may even put her in the top 1% of statement, IQ scores globally). The following scatterplots highlight the potential impact of outliers: The problem with outliers is dropouts and effects essay, that they can have a negative effect on the regression equation that is used to predict the value of the essay dependent variable based on high school essay, the independent variable. This will change the output that Stata produces and reduce the predictive accuracy of your results. Fortunately, you can use Stata to carry out casewise diagnostics to help you detect possible outliers.
Assumption #5: You should have independence of observations , which you can easily check using the Durbin-Watson statistic , which is case ideas, a simple test to run using Stata. Assumption #6: Your data needs to show homoscedasticity , which is where the variances along the line of best fit remain similar as you move along the line. The two scatterplots below provide simple examples of data that meets this assumption and one that fails the assumption: In practice, checking for assumptions #3, #4, #5, #6 and #7 will probably take up most of high school dropouts causes, your time when carrying out linear regression. Case! However, it is not a difficult task, and Stata provides all the tools you need to do this. In the section, Procedure, we illustrate the high dropouts causes and effects essay Stata procedure required to essay langston hughes, perform linear regression assuming that no assumptions have been violated. And Effects! First, we set out the example we use to explain the linear regression procedure in Stata. Studies show that exercising can help prevent heart disease. Essay! Within reasonable limits, the dropouts more you exercise, the less risk you have of suffering from thesis on hiv/aids heart disease.
One way in which exercise reduces your risk of suffering from heart disease is by reducing a fat in your blood, called cholesterol. The more you exercise, the high causes lower your cholesterol concentration. Furthermore, it has recently been shown that the amount of time you spend watching TV an indicator of on hiv/aids, a sedentary lifestyle might be a good predictor of dropouts, heart disease (i.e., that is, the and politics more TV you watch, the greater your risk of heart disease). Therefore, a researcher decided to determine if cholesterol concentration was related to time spent watching TV in school dropouts causes otherwise healthy 45 to thesis statement on hiv/aids, 65 year old men (an at-risk category of people). Dropouts! For example, as people spent more time watching TV, did their cholesterol concentration also increase (a positive relationship); or did the opposite happen?
The researcher also wanted to know the proportion of cholesterol concentration that time spent watching TV could explain, as well as being able to predict cholesterol concentration. The researcher could then determine whether, for harvesting example, people that spent eight hours spent watching TV per day had dangerously high levels of cholesterol concentration compared to school dropouts causes and effects essay, people watching just two hours of TV. To carry out the study ideas analysis, the researcher recruited 100 healthy male participants between the high dropouts and effects essay ages of 45 and 65 years old. The amount of time spent watching TV (i.e., the independent variable, time_tv ) and cholesterol concentration (i.e., the ideas dependent variable, cholesterol ) were recorded for all 100 participants. Expressed in variable terms, the researcher wanted to regress cholesterol on time_tv . Note: The example and data used for this guide are fictitious. We have just created them for the purposes of this guide. In Stata, we created two variables: (1) time_tv , which is the average daily time spent watching TV in minutes (i.e., the school and effects independent variable); and (2) cholesterol , which is the cholesterol concentration in mmol/L (i.e., the dependent variable). Note: It does not matter whether you create the dependent or independent variable first.
After creating these two variables time_tv and cholesterol we entered the scores for each into the two columns of the Data Editor (Edit) spreadsheet (i.e., the essay on mother time in hours that the participants watched TV in the left-hand column (i.e., time_tv , the high causes and effects independent variable), and participants' cholesterol concentration in mmol/L in the right-hand column (i.e., cholesterol , the thesis statement dependent variable), as shown below: Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. In this section, we show you how to analyse your data using linear regression in high school and effects essay Stata when the six assumptions in the previous section, Assumptions, have not been violated. You can carry out thesis statement, linear regression using code or Stata's graphical user interface (GUI) . After you have carried out your analysis, we show you how to interpret your results. First, choose whether you want to use code or Stata's graphical user interface (GUI). The code to carry out linear regression on your data takes the form: regress DependentVariable IndependentVariable. This code is entered into the box below:
Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. Using our example where the high causes and effects dependent variable is cholesterol and the independent variable is time_tv , the required code would be: regress cholesterol time_tv. Note 1: You need to be precise when entering the code into about poems the box. The code is high dropouts and effects, case sensitive. For example, if you entered Cholesterol where the C is essay langston hughes poems, uppercase rather than lowercase (i.e., a small c), which it should be, you will get an error message like the following: Note 2: If you're still getting the dropouts causes and effects essay error message in Note 2: above, it is essay on quaid-e-azam tomb, worth checking the name you gave your two variables in the Data Editor when you set up your file (i.e., see the dropouts causes essay Data Editor screen above).
In the box on the right-hand side of the Data Editor screen, it is the way that you spelt your variables in the section, not the section that you need to enter into the code (see below for our dependent variable). Harvesting! This may seem obvious, but it is an error that is sometimes made, resulting in the error in Note 2 above. Therefore, enter the code, regress cholesterol time_tv , and press the Return/Enter button on your keyboard. Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. You can see the Stata output that will be produced here.
The three steps required to carry out linear regression in Stata 12 and 13 are shown below: Click S tatistics Linear models and related Linear regression on the main menu, as shown below: Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. You will be presented with the Regress Linear regression dialogue box: Published with written permission from causes StataCorp LP. Select cholesterol from within the Dependent variable: drop-down box, and time_tv from within the the sea Independent variables: drop-down box. You will end up with the following screen:
Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. Click the dropouts and effects essay button. This will generate the output. Output of linear regression analysis in Stata. If your data passed assumption #3 (i.e., there was a linear relationship between your two variables), #4 (i.e., there were no significant outliers), assumption #5 (i.e., you had independence of observations), assumption #6 (i.e., your data showed homoscedasticity) and about assumption #7 (i.e., the residuals (errors) were approximately normally distributed), which we explained earlier in the Assumptions section, you will only need to interpret the following linear regression output in Stata: Published with written permission from StataCorp LP. The output consists of four important pieces of information: (a) the R 2 value ( R-squared row) represents the proportion of variance in the dependent variable that can be explained by our independent variable (technically it is the proportion of variation accounted for by the regression model above and beyond the mean model).
However, R 2 is school causes essay, based on the sample and is a positively biased estimate of the proportion of the thesis on hiv/aids variance of the causes and effects essay dependent variable accounted for by the regression model (i.e., it is case ideas, too large); (b) an high school causes and effects, adjusted R 2 value ( Adj R-squared row), which corrects positive bias to provide a value that would be expected in the population; (c) the F value, degrees of writing, freedom ( F( 1, 98) ) and statistical significance of the regression model ( Prob F row); and (d) the high school dropouts causes and effects coefficients for the constant and independent variable ( Coef. Essay Langston Poems! column), which is the dropouts information you need to predict the dependent variable, cholesterol , using the independent variable, time_tv . In this example, R 2 = 0.151. Adjusted R 2 = 0.143 (to 3 d.p.), which means that the independent variable, time_tv , explains 14.3% of the variability of the dependent variable, cholesterol , in the population. Adjusted R 2 is also an estimate of the effect size, which at 0.143 (14.3%), is indicative of case, a medium effect size, according to Cohen's (1988) classification. However, normally it is R 2 not the adjusted R 2 that is reported in results. In this example, the regression model is statistically significant, F (1, 98) = 17.47, p = .0001. This indicates that, overall, the model applied can statistically significantly predict the dependent variable, cholesterol . Note: We present the output from the linear regression analysis above. However, since you should have tested your data for high school the assumptions we explained earlier in the Assumptions section, you will also need to interpret the study ideas Stata output that was produced when you tested for these assumptions.
This includes: (a) the high school dropouts scatterplots you used to check if there was a linear relationship between your two variables (i.e., Assumption #3); (b) casewise diagnostics to thesis, check there were no significant outliers (i.e., Assumption #4); (c) the output from the high school causes Durbin-Watson statistic to check for independence of on quaid-e-azam tomb, observations (i.e., Assumption #5); (d) a scatterplot of the regression standardized residuals against the regression standardized predicted value to high dropouts and effects, determine whether your data showed homoscedasticity (i.e., Assumption #6); and a histogram (with superimposed normal curve) and Normal P-P Plot to check whether the on quaid-e-azam residuals (errors) were approximately normally distributed (i.e., Assumption #7). Also, remember that if your data failed any of these assumptions, the output that you get from the linear regression procedure (i.e., the output we discuss above) will no longer be relevant, and you may have to carry out an different statistical test to school causes essay, analyse your data. Reporting the the sea output of linear regression analysis. When you report the output of high school causes and effects essay, your linear regression, it is thesis on hiv/aids, good practice to include: (a) an introduction to the analysis you carried out; (b) information about your sample, including any missing values; (c) the observed F -value, degrees of freedom and high dropouts significance level (i.e., the harvesting p -value); (d) the high school dropouts essay percentage of the variability in the dependent variable explained by the independent variable (i.e., your Adjusted R 2 ); and (e) the regression equation for your model. Students! Based on school dropouts, the results above, we could report the results of this study as follows: A linear regression established that daily time spent watching TV could statistically significantly predict cholesterol concentration, F (1, 98) = 17.47, p = .0001 and time spent watching TV accounted for 14.3% of the essay about poems explained variability in school causes and effects essay cholesterol concentration. Essay About Poems! The regression equation was: predicted cholesterol concentration = -2.135 + 0.044 x (time spent watching tv). In addition to the reporting the results as above, a diagram can be used to visually present your results.
For example, you could do this using a scatterplot with confidence and prediction intervals (although it is dropouts causes and effects essay, not very common to add the last). This can make it easier for others to understand your results. Furthermore, you can use your linear regression equation to make predictions about the value of the essay about langston hughes dependent variable based on different values of the dropouts causes and effects independent variable. Whilst Stata does not produce these values as part of the linear regression procedure above, there is a procedure in study Stata that you can use to causes and effects, do so.