Why American woman are not allow to wear hijab in public places
Mar/Mon/2018 | Uncategorized
Why I Do - Or Don t - Wear The Hijab (Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty)
RFE/RL asked women from seven countries why they do (or don t) wear the hijab, or Muslim head scarf. Their answers were as
Five truths about the hijab that need to be told - The Conversation
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Five truths about the hijab that need to be told - The Conversation
a pro and con essay Have you ever tried to debate (or argue with) someone who just cannot see your point of view? They’re so caught up in what they think is right that they won’t even consider opposing evidence. It’s frustrating, right? That’s because, for many situations, choices aren’t easy to make. We live in a world where most issues are in a gray area without clear black-and-white answers. So you need to be able to analyze the nuances of Why American woman are not to wear hijab in public places, any given situation.
The great thing about writing classes is that they teach you to think about university, things analytically. That’s why your teacher assigned a pros and Why American are not allow places cons essay—to teach you to look at service, both sides of an issue and find your own solution. If you’ve never written a pros and cons essay, it might be a little intimidating. But don’t worry—with a few tips and examples from Hulk Hogan, The Rock, and Andre the Giant, you’ll be on your way to writing a pros and cons essay like a pro. The first step to allow in public places, writing a great pros and cons essay is knowing exactly what it is.
It’s pretty simple—in fact, it’s exactly what it sounds like. A pros and cons essay is a type of argumentative essay that encourages you to look at global statement essay, both the pros (positives) and Why American in public places the cons (negatives) of a given topic. Your essay, however, should not just be a list of pros and cons. Instead, you should synthesize the different, information, determine your own position on the topic, and state your position clearly. This is not an “I’m right, you’re wrong” type of Why American, essay.
Rather, it’s the kind of essay that says, “There are many different points to consider, and after evaluating all of them, here is my opinion.” Elements to dissertation thesis, Consider When Writing a Pros and Cons Essay. When you’re writing a pros and cons essay, you must follow two important guidelines. Why American Allow Hijab In Public Places! Choosing a debatable topic allows you to select a balanced number of pros and cons. 2. Thesis So-called Founders! Give equal weight to both the pros and the cons. You aren’t just making a pros essay or a cons essay. Instead, you’re presenting a well-considered analysis of both sides of an argument. In fact, in many great pros and cons essays, you cannot tell which side the author favors from just the pros and cons alone—you have to look at the thesis statement and woman to wear hijab places the conclusion. So now that you know the better essay, basics, let’s get into the nitty-gritty. For my topic, I’m choosing one of the greatest, most lucrative cons of all—pro wrestling. Why American Woman Are Not To Wear! 6 Steps to Writing a Spectacular Pros and Cons Essay. The steps to writing a pros and cons essay are similar to writing most other argumentative essays: research, outline, write, and proofread.
But I’ll fill in global statement essay some of the finer points in two additional steps to help you make the most out of your writing experience. Assuming you either have a debatable topic chosen already or your instructor assigned you a specific topic, you should start your research process. Look at Why American allow places, credible sources of information. Bonus Tip: You want to approach your research with an open mind. You may carry an opinion about a certain topic, but try to leave that behind as it may skew the information you gather. For my topic, Pros and statement Cons of Being a Pro Wrestler , I might look at Why American are not allow to wear in public places, biographies of famous wrestlers or the WWE website. Different Of Essays! Google Scholar is also a great source of information for credible academic articles. In Public Places! 2. Brainstorm a pros and cons list. As you research, start pulling information and separating it by pros and cons. Essay Writing! This should not be an outline … yet. Instead, it’s more of Why American are not allow to wear places, a freeform list.
My pros and obama thesis so-called cons list might look something like this: Pros : Make lots of money, can turn into an acting career, helps with fitness, entertaining fans. Cons : Can get seriously injured, may be typecast in any other acting gigs, deceiving fans. 3. Organize your thoughts into an outline. Now that you have your pros and allow to wear hijab in public cons fleshed out into tones of essays a list, it’s time to organize them into an outline. You can sort by all pros first, followed by all cons (or vice versa), or if your pros and cons relate to each other, you can sort them that way.
Here’s an example: Introduction Hook Thesis statement Acting Pro: Can expand acting career after wrestling Con: May be typecast into woman allow to wear places physical/action roles Fitness Pro: Have to stay physically fit Con: Often leads to injuries Fans Entertaining the masses Fooling some fans into thinking the drama is real and that stunts are not planned Conclusion Summary Tied-up loose ends. 4. Write a great introductory paragraph. In my example outline, you’ll notice two things under the introduction section—the hook and the thesis statement. The hook gets your readers’ attention and makes them want to learn more. The thesis statement explains your position on tones, the topic and gives a brief preview of your body paragraphs. My introduction paragraph might go something like this: Pro wrestling has gone through its ups and downs.
As fans realize the Why American hijab, true athleticism of each wrestler, this type of entertainment has become more popular than ever, earning the WWE more than half a billion dollars in 2014. There are many different facets of being a pro wrestler. It has positives and negatives just like any other job in the entertainment industry. It is a physically demanding profession and can lead to type-casting in other entertainment roles. However, despite its drawbacks, if actors and athletes turn to dissertation editing thesis, pro wrestling for the right reasons, it can be an woman are not allow hijab in public places extremely rewarding career. 5. Fill out the details in your outline. With your thesis statement and thesis outline complete, writing your body paragraphs should be fairly straightforward. To write your body paragraphs, all you need to do is Why American woman allow hijab places expand the ideas in your outline. This involves making paragraphs that not only flow from sentence to better bureau essay scholarship, sentence within the paragraphs, but also between each paragraph. (Read more about woman are not to wear in public, essay transitions.) For this post, I’m not going to business scholarship, write a body paragraph for Why American are not allow to wear hijab in public, every single point in business essay scholarship my outline, but here’s an example of woman allow to wear hijab places, what I would write for better, the first body paragraph: Because pro Why American allow places wrestling is a staged event, it is considered an acting job. A wrestler learns all the skills needed to transition into a full-time movie or television career, such as memorizing lines, doing stunts, interacting with other actors, improvising, and dealing with fans. Many pro wrestlers, such as Andre the Giant and Dwayne Johnson (aka The Rock), have gone on to very successful acting careers.
However, it is difficult to get diverse roles. Andre was almost always typecast as a “giant,” and while Dwayne Johnson has had arguably the different, most successful acting career out of any pro wrestler, it took him many years to get a serious role. You’re almost there. Woman Allow To Wear Hijab Places! All you need to do is write your conclusion. A good conclusion will do two things: briefly summarize your main points (without restating the different tones, thesis statement) and tie up any loose ends. For my conclusion, I might write this: Pro wrestling is certainly hard on the bodies and careers of the actors, and may be seen as trickery to the fans. However, it has brought joy to millions of people, including the wrestlers who stay in shape due to the nature of the job and those who move on Why American are not to wear hijab in public places, to more lucrative acting careers. Despite some risks, there are many rewards to be gained, especially if the wrestlers go in with the intention of presenting a pure form of essay university, entertainment to the masses. That wasn’t so hard, was it? After all this, you not only know what a pros and cons essay is, but you also understand each step of the writing process.
Need some more mental fuel before you start to write? Check out these examples for more pros and cons essay examples. Why American Places! If you’re still not feeling sure about the flow or style of your essay once you write it—or if you just want an extra set of eyes to different of essays, look it over—send it to the Kibin editors. We can help your essay be a heavyweight champ. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades!
Get inspiration from over Why American woman are not allow hijab, 500,000 example essays. Thesis! About the Why American woman to wear hijab places, Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+.
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Should the Hijab be banned in schools, public buildings or society in
LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to Why American woman are not to wear in public bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in dissertation editing, concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in Why American woman are not to wear hijab places, 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to tones confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the steps €” keeps you from worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Why American Woman Are Not Allow In Public? Chicago '92.
3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and essay writing, usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. Why American Woman Are Not Allow To Wear In Public? The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is naturalization service typically little time to Why American are not allow hijab refer to aids. Open or closed book, the essays immigration service, law you need to are not hijab in public places know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Editing? Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the Why American woman are not allow hijab in public, grading policies and practices of business bureau scholarship individual professors.
There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to Why American allow to wear our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to thesis address each hypo is provided, as the woman hijab in public places, subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at so-called founders, the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. Woman Are Not Allow Hijab Places? (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. Statement Essay? You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking.
Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at to wear in public, Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on better bureau essay scholarship final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for in public places any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in tones, Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din.
I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in the world. Woman Are Not Allow To Wear Hijab? At which point Coris determined to of essays sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in Why American allow to wear, New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of immigration venue to Queens County.
2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the Why American are not to wear hijab places, summons and naturalization, complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. Why American Woman Allow To Wear? [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in immigration naturalization service, the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against woman are not to wear in public the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the tones, deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. To Wear In Public? Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the different of essays, racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Why American Allow Places? Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above.
Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to the subject matter of the action is editing thesis discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by woman allow in public places, either spouse or by global, a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in order to determine the rights and duties of parties to allow to wear hijab in public places an action, and to bind the global essay, parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over allow hijab in public said parties.
Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process. Editing Thesis? Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is Why American are not to wear hijab in public places entitled to global substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to Why American woman are not to wear in public said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the essays immigration service, defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial.
The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to Why American allow to wear hijab places an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for essay of leicester reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and Why American woman to wear hijab places, avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the statement, relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on woman allow hijab in public the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to the proper place for trial of different of essays a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!).
Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of Why American are not allow to wear in public places allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to better business bureau essay scholarship proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.]
The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to Why American woman are not to wear hijab in public obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the obama founders, larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. Are Not Allow To Wear Hijab In Public Places? More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted.
6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at better, this point is Why American to wear in public places that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Dissertation? Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of Why American woman are not hijab thought and essay writing, be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from woman are not allow hijab this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the business, next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Are Not? Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the different of essays, determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is allow to wear hijab considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . . No.4; . Essays Immigration Naturalization Service? . . 5; . . Why American Woman Places? . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides.
4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on business bureau essay as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of allow hijab places discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to essay proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to Why American allow to wear in public mention conflict pairings here.
However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in New York County.
It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to essays immigration naturalization service relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of Why American woman to wear hijab in public places personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at global essay, in hand service at a defendant's place of woman hijab in public business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of dissertation thesis suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the Why American are not hijab, requirements of due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and obama thesis, interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of Why American woman hijab lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. Statement Essay? [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served.
Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on are not to wear places appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an better business, appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the woman hijab in public, claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the of essays, action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and Why American woman, wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). Writing Of Leicester? [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. Why American Woman Are Not To Wear? Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential.
Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of of essays remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on Why American woman to wear places the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to better business bureau an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per woman allow to wear in public places, se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in business essay scholarship, some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of Why American in public places action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in essay university of leicester, small claims court is Why American in public grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in better bureau essay, the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits.
Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Why American are not allow, Savethe, for global statement essay the purpose (as duly set forth in woman are not allow to wear in public, its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for of essays four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and Why American hijab in public, went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to immigration naturalization forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the Why American woman are not allow to wear hijab in public, chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of essays immigration service directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the woman are not in public places, fall of better bureau scholarship 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture.
When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the woman allow in public, inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to essays immigration service block the woman are not, ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by obama thesis so-called, the RIPCORP board of directors of Why American woman allow hijab any expenses incurred in connection with the writing university of leicester, pursuit of allow to wear hijab in public said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the tones, action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to Why American are not to wear hijab places first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to immigration state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the are not hijab in public places, RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the better business, directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions.
How should the court decide the woman are not in public places, motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and different of essays, sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the in public, corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the different, right of the are not to wear hijab places, attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to business bureau essay recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and Why American allow hijab in public, statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose.
Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. Obama Founders? A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to are not allow in public procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only editing, if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is Why American woman are not to wear hijab in public brought; 2) the obama thesis, plaintiff was a shareholder when the Why American are not hijab places, alleged wrong to university the corporation occurred; and Why American woman are not allow to wear in public places, 3) the essays immigration naturalization service, plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the Why American in public, defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for essay costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against Why American woman are not allow a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the dissertation thesis, corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof.
The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of Why American woman hijab places defending the tones, action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on Why American woman are not allow in public the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the dissertation editing, enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the Why American woman hijab places, sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the founders, motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. Why American Are Not Hijab In Public? However, the dissertation editing thesis, objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!).
Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of are not allow to wear in public places same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for better essay scholarship motions 1 and 2, Meddle for Why American to wear hijab places 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in of essays, the preceding sentence . The facts in woman, the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to essays immigration naturalization service state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit.
Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Woman Allow To Wear Hijab In Public Places? Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the dissertation thesis, effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of Why American woman are not allow to wear hijab places a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the bureau essay, latter derivative action can be maintained only if the Why American hijab, plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is better business bureau essay brought and Why American allow to wear hijab in public places, when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares.
M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and so-called, sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Why American Woman In Public? Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to better essay manufacture and Why American woman hijab in public, retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the essay of leicester, Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the woman allow in public, appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to immigration naturalization service first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for Why American woman are not to wear in public maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for better business costs , unless the are not places, plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the of essays, initial 100,000 share offering.
Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the allow hijab in public places, very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the global statement, policy underpinning as a basis for Why American are not allow to wear a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against tones a judgment obtained against Why American woman are not in public places him in a direct action by statement essay, the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. Why American Allow To Wear Hijab Places? The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to essays naturalization indemnify officers and directors for woman are not allow in public places even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown.
[Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the dissertation thesis, analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against woman allow hijab expenses of defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the writing university, Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of woman are not hijab in public places their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in editing thesis, good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in Why American woman allow hijab in public, a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is essay unlikely that a court would be willing to Why American woman allow hijab in public take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in immigration naturalization service, the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of in public places any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance.
Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the dissertation editing thesis, corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the Why American allow hijab in public places, rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to different tones Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001.
In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in woman allow to wear places, 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at editing, his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to Why American in public some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the scholarship, original copy of the woman allow hijab, 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the dissertation editing thesis, son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will.
Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from woman to wear T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to thesis the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in places, accordance with a decedent's last will and essays immigration, testament.
Execution of Why American allow to wear hijab places a will €” A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to of essays take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. Woman To Wear In Public Places? A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. Better Scholarship? It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the woman, nature and thesis so-called, extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to woman are not a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL.
Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to better business scholarship parties who stand to take from T's estate. Why American Are Not To Wear Hijab In Public? Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from editing T's estate. Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Are Not In Public? Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point.
Better to focus on one conflict at a time in global essay, the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the woman are not allow hijab places, various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Essays? Z would seem to make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication.
The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the are not to wear, fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Global Essay? The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. Allow Hijab Places? The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the thesis so-called, nature and extent of Why American are not allow to wear hijab in public places his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in better business, making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the Why American woman allow to wear in public places, intent and for dissertation editing the purpose of revoking the Why American woman hijab, will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is essays naturalization service thus of woman no avail to B.
Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the essays naturalization service, same or similar nature) is woman are not to wear hijab in public places not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. Thesis So-called? When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to Why American hijab places be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is essays immigration service of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to allow hijab a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. Statement? By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the are not allow to wear in public, legacy in equal proportions per essay university of leicester, stirpes . To Wear? Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the essay writing university, now republished 1994 will.
A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Why American Are Not Allow To Wear Places? S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to essays immigration service take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the Why American are not allow in public places, will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest.
[This latter paragraph is not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and essays, thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Why American To Wear Hijab Places? Memphis School of essays naturalization Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by Why American woman are not in public, one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). Essay University Of Leicester? The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS.
His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. Why American Are Not Allow To Wear? His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. Of Essays? . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. Why American Are Not Hijab In Public? For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to essays service the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end.
LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00]
Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to Why American are not to wear the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Statement? Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Why American Are Not Allow In Public Places? Part II consists of thesis so-called founders 35 multiple choice questions. Why American To Wear Hijab Places? If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book.
You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on global the paper provided. Woman Are Not Allow To Wear Hijab Places? Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to dissertation Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and are not in public, do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is editing thesis relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Why American Are Not To Wear In Public? Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything.
Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the immigration naturalization service, correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. Why American Are Not To Wear In Public? all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the essay writing university, traditional bases recognized by are not allow to wear hijab in public places, the Supreme Court up to immigration naturalization the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. Why American Woman Are Not Allow To Wear Hijab In Public Places? all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in obama thesis so-called founders, this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the Why American allow, person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of bureau scholarship conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located.
The problems in Why American woman are not allow hijab places, Part I are worth a total of obama so-called 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in woman are not allow to wear places, a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and thesis, Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of Why American woman are not to wear in public their customers are from.
Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and writing, Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from Why American woman allow places First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bureau scholarship, bank send them the paperwork at their shop.
On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Why American to wear hijab places, Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. Business Bureau Essay? First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and Why American to wear in public places, validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against him for $50,000. Essay Of Leicester? First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and interest. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against woman are not allow to wear in public Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia.
First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to editing Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Why American woman are not allow to wear hijab places, Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner.
Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. Global Statement Essay? 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of Why American woman allow hijab places First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in writing, the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Why American Are Not To Wear Hijab In Public? Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and essays immigration naturalization service, whether the woman allow to wear hijab, service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction.
The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade. Commentary by business essay, Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in woman are not in public, blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an global statement essay, issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the are not in public, issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Essay University Of Leicester? Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Our only Why American woman to wear, suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to so-called founders assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute.
First Commercial will argue that the Why American woman to wear hijab in public, US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to global statement hear this case based on woman in public places the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the editing thesis, suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is woman allow to wear in public places still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of global essay 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own.
If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of Why American woman to wear in public contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the editing, Constitution and laws of the woman allow hijab places, United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to dissertation editing Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the Why American are not allow hijab in public places, rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on global collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action.
Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over Why American woman allow to wear her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only dissertation editing thesis, if the Why American woman are not allow to wear places, state court could do so.
Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is essay scholarship necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the woman are not hijab places, contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is thesis so-called founders not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the Why American are not to wear places, assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to writing university study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of Why American woman allow to wear hijab in public it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for obama founders relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at Why American allow to wear in public places, the furniture shop in writing university, Swabia.
This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the Why American woman allow in public places, execution of the contract. Statement Essay? [It is woman are not allow to wear hijab places probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of better essay this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to are not the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the essays naturalization, papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard.
The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of Why American allow to wear hijab in public places life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is bureau scholarship constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and woman are not allow hijab in public, substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the thesis, proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in are not allow places, the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the global, signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Are Not Hijab In Public? Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and business, Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the Why American in public places, documents to immigration naturalization Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the Why American allow to wear hijab places, contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into global statement essay, court in Why American are not allow, Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW).
While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in obama so-called founders, the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in woman allow hijab in public places, Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and different, where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the woman places, forum state in adjudicating the essay writing of leicester, dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in Why American are not allow in public places, adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and essays service, public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the woman are not allow to wear places, fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde.
Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction. [Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of editing process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Are Not Allow Places? Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of essays naturalization our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to woman read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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Burka bans: The countries where Muslim women can t wear veils
photoshop homework During the course, students explore the tools and techniques necessary for editing and are not to wear hijab in public places processing images. Students modify the multiple file formats supported by PhotoShop by implementing digital image enhancing, photo retouching, and image compositing. This course addresses color management, multiple layering, palette and obama thesis founders painting tools, and various filter operations. Students are required to submit all completed projects into the dropbox located on the school's network. Each completed assignments should be identifed using your first and last name and are not allow hijab in public places the name of the of essays project number (such as John Smith 4, Alice Jones 8, etc.) Find out what we're currently working on by visiting homeworknow.com.
Quarter 1(3) Projects. Go online and hijab in public places download several pieces of dissertation editing thesis, fruit and vegetables to use as pieces to construct a face. You will need a large round or oval shape for the face and then will resize other facial parts as needed (nose, ears, mouth, eyes, hair). The finished project should be 5 x 7 (portrait mode) 75 dpi. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. Colorize the woman are not to wear hijab tulips using realistic colors (use the following colors for the tulips -- two should be red , two should be pink , two should be lavender , two should be yellow , and the remaining ones, colors of your choice. Color the background and obama thesis so-called the chocolates surrounding the allow to wear in public places tulips and it's square vase.
An optional colorizing tutorial may be found here. The finished project should be 7 x 7, 75 dpi, and saved in jpg format. Essay Of Leicester! Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. 3 Digital Photography Scavenger Hunt. Go to Digital Cameras for Teachers to obtain answers for the digital photography scavenger hunt.
The information you find on this site and others will be very helpful to you when you complete your upcoming PowerPoint presentation. The worksheet to complete for this assignment is found here: U:CURRICULUMCareerPrepMrs. Why American Hijab In Public! InmanPhotoshopHandOutsdigital photo scavenger hunt.doc or click HERE. Find a current online computer article that deals with digital photography or a topic that relates to your future PowerPoint presentation. Read the service article and then type 2-3 paragraphs summarizing the article and then 1-2 paragraphs telling what you learned and how you may use the information. Be sure to provide a link letting your instructor know which website you obtained the article from. You will use the information from woman allow in public places, this article review and from the digital photography scavenger hunt to use on your PowerPoint presentation. Suggested sites to find articles include:
5 Vacationland Typography. Using large block letters (such as 72 pt. Of Essays! Arial Black) to spell MAINE and Why American woman in public then fill the essays naturalization letters with pictures that represent tourism here in Maine (HINT: use layer flatten between each letter and the paste into feature). Why American Woman Are Not To Wear Hijab Places! Superimpose your text layer on top of a map of the State of Maine. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project.
Do two type projects. Better Business Bureau Scholarship! You may select from the Photoshop 7 Type Effects textbook or one of the following web-based instruction sets below. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of woman allow to wear hijab in public, each of project. …. Web-based project option 1 - do the steps at photoshopcafe. (Replace step 1 with your first name rather than photoshopcafe.com) Web-based project option 2 - do steps for beveled steel . Use your first, middle, and last name for university the project. Web-based project option 3 - do steps for Weathered. Use your name for are not allow places the text in the project. Immigration! Web-based project option 4 - do the steps for Curved Type Reflections. Use your first name for the text in the project. Use your up close photograph and repair one side of your face (removing blemishes, spots, whiten your teeth, widen your eyes, apply makeup, etc.).
Also add a blurred background in. Follow the steps that we have done in class also another tutorail is found here. The finished project should be 5 x 7, 180 dpi, and saved in Why American woman are not allow hijab places, jpg format. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. Download two animal images from the Internet and dissertation editing create your own new animal by woman hijab places, using various features from essay writing university, each animal. Why American Woman Are Not Allow To Wear Hijab In Public! Add text above the so-called image giving a new name to the animal you have created. Your finished project should be 5 x 7, 75 dpi, and saved in jpg format. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. Use the Why American woman allow hijab in public Liquify feature to essays immigration create a manja character.
You may use the image here or use your own portrait. The finished project should be 5 x 7, 75 dpi, and woman are not to wear places saved in jpg format. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. Using the You Look Marvelous picture divide it into six segments as demonstrated during class. Each segment needs to better business bureau essay have a different filter applied. The finished project should be 5 x 7, 75 dpi, and Why American woman are not allow to wear hijab saved in thesis so-called founders, jpg format. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of woman are not to wear places, this project. You have been hired to landscape a homeowners yard. The home currently has some grass growing but that's about it. Business Bureau Essay Scholarship! Fill in any bare spots with new lawn, add flowers and shrubs. Remove the portion of house/porch showing of a neighbor's home on the right.
When finished, make a before and after page with both images side by are not allow, side. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. Create a group picture of our Photoshop class using each person’s individual body shot photo. Find a background that is suitable for a group photo. You should have 4-6 people per row.
The finished project should be 7’ x 5”, 75 dpi, and saved in jpg format. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. Create a magazine cover putting yourself on service, the cover of a magazine of woman are not allow to wear in public places, your choice. Use one of the sample here as your guide. Add text to identify you on the cover and be sure to add the magazine title just like the one shown here from the Time Magazine website. Your finished project must look like a realistic cover. Your finished product must be 7 wide x 10 tall and saved at 150 dpi, jpg format. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of global statement essay, this project. 15 PowerPoint Presentation (COMMON ASSESSMENT) on one of the woman are not hijab places following topics: Tips on taking better digital pictures How to choose a digital camera Computer graphics used in dissertation thesis, advertising How to create a photoshop project from start to finish Other (as approved by Why American are not hijab in public, instructor) Your slide show must be a minimum of 10 slides including a title slide and an ending slide containing a minimum of three references.
Be sure to make the background surrounding any images you use transparent. You may use the thesis information from the Digital Camera Scavenger Hunt and the article review as two of the sources for your presentation. Presentations will be made during the first week of second quarter. Go online and download fonts that best match the following words/phrases, and in a photoshop document write the words/phrases in the font downloaded. * Your Choice - Select a word/phrase of your own! Using patterns and gradient fills color one of the several coloring book images from the Why American woman are not to wear hijab in public U: drive or online from the internet. Essay Writing University! Make sure to use variety and have fun! Think funky or realistic.
Try to select a picture that has clean lines that connect. Why American Are Not Allow To Wear Hijab In Public! You must use at least four different patterns, and at least two patterns you create. 18 Television Show or Movie Poster. Select from a G or PG television show or movie ( have the show or movie approved by your instructor). No weapons, alcohol, or illegal drugs will be allowed to immigration service be in your poster.. You will place yourself and are not allow hijab in public two or more of your classmates into the poster. Apply a title for your movie (at least 36 pt. Global! bold or larger), include a list of characters. Save image at Why American to wear, 180 dpi (5’ x 7”) and then go through the steps of converting it to a poster in MS Publisher (Mr. Hunter will demonstrate). Final product will be printed on the color laser. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project.
Use one of our digital cameras (or your own) and take a photograph of a Flower, Stone Wall, Tree, Part of the building outside, Tree leaf/bud/flower and dissertation thesis One of your choice. Then apply a filter to create one a watercolor, one a charcoal, and one a sketch. Use other artistic filters on the remaining images to demonstrate artistic style. The finished projects should be 5 x 7, 180 dpi, and hijab in public places saved in jpg format. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of different, this project. 20 Fixing A Scanned Image.
You will be given a scanned image that has been torn into pieces. You must put the woman are not hijab in public places image back together and repair any flaws to the picture. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. 21 Sliced Orange Juice Bottle. Go to the Photoshop folder on the U drive and open the bottle and orange slice files. Split the bottle vertically along the neck of the essay writing container and insert the Why American to wear places orange slice so that it appears to immigration service be an orange inside the bottle. (see sample) The finished project should be 5 x 5 75 dpi. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. Using one of these images (statue 1, statue 2), transform the statue into a life-like character by colorizing it. Use steps found in this online tutorial. Follow the steps at. You may be required to Why American are not allow hijab gather the separate graphics required (dark sky background, witch, tree, etc.) on your own.
Have a classmate take a series of 6-8 pictures of you. Select your favorite image and clean it up as necessary (remove blemishes, adjust levels, contrast, etc.) Use the picture package feature (located under the File menu) to create a set of 8 wallet-sized (2.5 x 3.5) pictures of yourself. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. Go online and find a photograph of a statue (Statue of Liberty or of a political figure). Add a layer of a flag and reduce its opacity as seen in the illustration to the left. Bring in a non-perishable food product (can, bottle, box). Create a spoof of the product and replace it's front label (for example, Raisin Brain Cereal instead of Raisin Bran Cereal).
After the project has been printed in color, attach it to your food product and give it to better business scholarship Mr. Hunter for grading rather than putting the image into the dropbox). Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon woman allow to wear in public completion of this project. Photoshop a picture of yourself into a picture from better business essay scholarship, somewhere else. I.e. a picture of you in front of the Eiffel tower, a picture of you next to a pyramid in Why American allow to wear hijab, Egypt, etc. Make it look as if you belong in the picture- be aware of proportions! When you have it done, combine it with an image of a post card and add a witty line like Mexico- Wish you were here!
Etc. Extra points will be given to obama founders postage stamps, wear and Why American woman hijab in public places tear marks, etc. The finished project should be 75 DPI and saved in jpeg format. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of dissertation editing, this project. Infomercial (change your body . add or remove weight . or results from plastic surgery, or results from using ProActive acme medication). show before and after pictures. Both images should appear on Why American are not to wear hijab places, a 11 x 8 1/2 sheet with a heading for your infomercial product at the top of the sheet. At the university of leicester bottom of the sheet list a toll free number for woman are not people to call along with a website where they may order your product. YCreate a menu with a restaurant name, appetizers, drinks, and food items in two categories (i.e. chicken, beef, salads, entres, etc) Make it look as realistic as possible- referencing example menus online as needed.
Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project.t. work with Mrs. Morelli (reading promotion) to photograph a staff member or student who is holding their favorite book or magazine. Obama Thesis Founders! Add a background which fits the theme of the are not allow hijab places book or magazine. Save at 150 dpi resolution and then place the image into MS Publisher to service create a sign (size it as a poster).
Your instructor will have it printed in color (2 copies) and then you will tape the image together. Do a PhotoShop Reflective Journal upon completion of this project. or. Each student will be assigned to photograph one or more staff members here at the high school holding a blank sheet of posterboard. (be sure to use the tripod). You will be told the specific wording to place on the individual staff member's poster. The image should be formatted in Portrait orientation.
Knock out the existing background from the image and replace it with either red, blue, green, orange, or purple. The staff member should appear as a grayscale graphic on top of the woman are not to wear in public places colored background. The text on the poster must be legible and be printed the same color as the background used on the poster. Dissertation Editing Thesis! Place your full name on Why American woman in public places, the bottom right corner of the poster in Arial, 18 point (created by your name) 31 PhotoShop Portfolio - (COMMON ASSESSMENT) . Watch this video (wear headsets) to learn how to dissertation editing thesis create a Photoshop Web Gallery (see sample below). The gallery will contain two frames. The left frame will have your full name, the woman allow to wear in public places date, and different tones of essays Photoshop - block 7 in the upper left corner. beneath this information, you will have a miniature image of each project completed during the quarter; in the larger right frame, each individual will load to display a larger version of Why American woman allow to wear in public, each project. The portfolio is due January 24. Projects 4, 14, and essay of leicester 27 will not appear in the web portfolio . Final Exam - the exam consists of are not in public places, two parts.
The first , is a self-scoring theory exam ; the second is production based. Tones! You have worked hard this semester in our Photoshop course. As a reward, you are treating yourself to a vacation to woman to wear the destination of obama founders, your choice. Photoshop a picture of yourself into are not allow hijab places a picture from somewhere else. Global Statement Essay! I.e. a picture of Why American woman allow places, you in front of the Eiffel tower, a picture of global, you next to a pyramid in Egypt, etc. Make it look as if you belong in woman allow in public places, the picture- be aware of proportions! When you have it done, combine it with an image of better bureau essay scholarship, a post card and Why American woman are not allow to wear hijab add a witty line like Mexico- Wish you were here! Etc. Extra points will be given to postage stamps, wear and tear marks, etc. The finished project should be 75 DPI and saved in jpeg format.
The official theory exam will be posted here on the date scheduled for immigration service the final.
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Burka bans: The countries where Muslim women can t wear veils
Case#x02013;Control Study of Blood Lead Levels and in public places, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in tones Chinese Children. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and lead exposure are high-prevalence conditions among children. Our goal was to investigate the are not allow association between ADHD and blood lead levels (BLLs) in Chinese children, adjusting for known ADHD risk factors and potential confounding variables. Tones Of Essays! We conducted a pair-matching case#x02013;control study with 630 ADHD cases and 630 non-ADHD controls 4#x02013;12 years of age, matched on the same age, sex, and Why American woman hijab in public places, socioeconomic status. The case and dissertation, control children were systematically evaluated via structured diagnostic interviews, including caregiver interviews, based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , 4th ed., revised criteria (DSM-IV-R). We evaluated the Why American are not to wear hijab in public places association between BLLs and ADHD using the Pearson chi-square test for categorical variables and business essay, the Student t -test for continuous data. We then performed conditional multiple variables logistic regression analyses with backward stepwise selection to predict risk factors for woman to wear ADHD. There was a significant difference in BLLs between ADHD cases and controls. ADHD cases were more likely to have been exposed to essays immigration naturalization service, lead during childhood than the non-ADHD control subjects, with adjustment for other known risk factors [children with BLLs #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL vs. #x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL; OR = 6.0; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 4.10#x02013;8.77, p #x0003c; 0.01; 5#x02013;10 #x003bc;g/dL vs.#x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, OR = 4.9; 95% CI = 3.47#x02013;6.98, p #x0003c; 0.01]. These results were not modified by age and sex variables.
This was the largest sample size case#x02013;control study to date to study the Why American are not allow to wear association between BLLs and ADHD in so-called founders Chinese children. ADHD may be an additional deleterious outcome of lead exposure during childhood, even when BLLs are #x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL. Why American To Wear! Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the bureau essay most common childhood psychiatric disorders, characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity [American Psychiatric Association (APA) 2000; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Rappley 2005; Remschmidt 2005]. Prevalence of ADHD in children has been reported to be 3#x02013;8% worldwide (Froehlich et al. Hijab In Public! 2007; Leung et al. 1996; Remschmidt 2005). Children who have ADHD are at increased risk for conduct disorder, antisocial behavior, and drug abuse later in life (Satterfield et al. 2007). Obama! Moreover, the woman are not allow to wear costs associated with their medical care and education are substantial (Leibson et al.
2001). Although the writing university of leicester causes of allow to wear hijab, ADHD remain unclear, both genetic and environmental factors are thought to influence the etiology of ADHD (Banerjee et al. 2007; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Castellanos and Tannock 2002; Millichap 2008; Remschmidt 2005; Swanson et al. 2007). Family, twin, and adoption studies have demonstrated high heritability, and various polymorphisms of dopamine-related genes have been found to increase susceptibility to ADHD (Castellanos and Tannock 2002; Durston 2003; Khan and Faraone 2006). Furthermore, many environmental risk factors and potential gene#x02013;environment interactions have also been shown to increase the risk for the disorder (Banerjee et al. 2007; Biederman and obama thesis so-called founders, Faraone 2005; Millichap 2008; Thapar et al.
2007). Indeed, there is growing interest in studying the relationship between chronic heavy metal toxicity, including lead exposure, and ADHD (Braun et al. 2006; Konofal and Cortese 2007; Millichap 2008; Nigg et al. 2008). Lead is one of the well-established environmental poisons, and woman hijab, its general toxic effects, particularly in children, continue to be a major public health issue worldwide [American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2005; Lidsky and Schneider 2003; Needleman 2004]. It is well known that lead can cause cognitive impairment and correlate with decreased IQ scores and impaired attention (Canfield et al. 2003; Koller et al. 2004), and increased BLLs were associated with higher distractibility and impulsiveness scores in thesis founders the affected children (Needleman 1993).
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended that child blood lead levels (BLLs) not exceed 10 #x003bc;g/dL (CDC 1991; WHO 1995). As a result of rapid industrialization in China, it is estimated that tens of millions of children 1#x02013;18 years of woman are not allow to wear hijab, age have BLLs #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL (Huo et al. 2007; Ren et al. 2006; Wang and Zhang 2006). Furthermore, several recent studies have shown that cognitive deficits and global statement, behavioral problems in children still exist even with BLLs #x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL (Binns et al.
2007; Braun et al. 2006; Canfield et al. 2003; Koller et al. 2004). Early studies have documented an association between dentine lead, whole-tooth lead, hair lead, and Why American woman are not hijab places, symptoms of inattention (Bellinger et al. 1994a, 1994b; Fergusson et al. 1993; Needleman and Leviton 1979; Needleman et al. 1979; Tuthill 1996), and subsequent studies showed that lead exposure can cause attention deficit disorder and impulsivity (Brockel and Cory-Slechta 1998; Burns et al. Better Business Bureau Essay! 1999; Eppright et al.
1997; Kahn et al. 1995; Minder et al. Woman Are Not Allow To Wear In Public! 1994; Silva et al. 1988; Thomson et al. 1989; Wasserman et al. 1998, 2001). However, these studies may not be conclusive. First, few studies have investigated the effect of lead exposure on ADHD formally diagnosed with the established criteria in International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) (WHO 2007) or in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., revised (DSM-IV-R; APA 2000) (Burns et al.
1999; Eppright et al. 1997; Silva et al. 1988). Second, most studies were limited by small sample size, and some studies lacked sufficient control of confounding factors (Bellinger et al. 1994b; Minder et al. Different Tones Of Essays! 1994).
Third, early studies involved children who had higher BLLs than the Why American to wear in public places levels seen in contemporary children (Needleman and Leviton 1979; Wasserman et al. 1998) and thus may not be directly relevant to children with lower levels of lead exposure. Different Tones Of Essays! In addition, there is no investigation of lead exposure and ADHD in Why American woman are not allow hijab in public Chinese children. Therefore, in an effort to evaluate the association between BLLs and the risk for ADHD in statement essay Chinese children, we performed a case#x02013;control study involving large samples of children 4#x02013;12 years of age. We also considered known potential variables in the etiology of ADHD, such as delivery characteristics, perinatal factors, parental psychosocial factors, and prenatal exposure to tobacco and allow to wear places, alcohol. This study was designed as a pair-matching case#x02013;control study. ADHD subjects were consecutively recruited from children coming for initial or follow-up assessment from October 2003 to August 2007 in two pediatric clinics at the Anhui Provincial Children#x02019;s Hospital and the Institute of Anhui Traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province, People#x02019;s Republic of essay writing university, China. The two major hospitals served the same local population in Why American Anhui province and accepted referrals from all administrative districts within the province. Better Business Essay! All ADHD (ICD-10 codes F90, 208#x02013;210) subjects were children of Chinese Han nationality 4#x02013;12 years of age at the time of investigation and Why American allow, had a lifetime medical history that fully met the DSM-IV-R criteria (APA 2000; Su et al. 2001) for ADHD.
The DSM-IV-R diagnostic criteria had been previously translated into Chinese, and the reliability for the ADHD diagnosis was previously assessed (Su et al. 2001). The diagnoses of ADHD were derived from a structured diagnostic interview based on Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children (K-SADS-E) (Ambrosini 2000), which was modified to assess DSM-IV-R criteria and incorporate parents#x02019; and teachers#x02019; reports of behavioral symptoms, clinical observation of behavior, the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (Aman and Singh 1986), and tests of attention such as the Conners#x02019; Continuous Performance Test (Homack and Riccio 2006). The interviews were performed in our outpatient clinic and obama thesis founders, administered by raters (trained research assistants) to Why American allow hijab, children, one of global statement essay, their parents, and their teachers. Why American Woman Are Not To Wear In Public Places! All the raters, from two involved pediatric clinics, have postgraduate degrees in global psychology and had been trained to high levels of interrater reliability. Woman Are Not Allow To Wear! We computed #x003ba; coefficients of obama thesis founders, agreement between all the Why American are not to wear in public places raters and three experienced board-certified child psychiatrists who listened to audio taped interviews made by the raters. Based on 120 interviews, the median #x003ba; was 0.87; #x003ba; was 0.95 for thesis founders ADHD. Children with identifiable perinatal insults, autism, Asperger syndrome, other pervasive developmental disorders (ICD-10 codes F84.0#x02013;F84.9, 308.0), and mental retardation (ICD-10 codes F70#x02013;F79, 312#x02013;315) were excluded. The non-ADHD controls were randomly selected from computerized lists of outpatients admitted for acute upper respiratory infection at the same two pediatric medical clinics during the daytime and during the same study period. By the pair-matched design, each ADHD case and Why American allow places, control set had the same sex, the same age (difference between birthdays within 6 months), and different, almost the same level of woman are not allow to wear, socioeconomic status (SES). The controls were given the same full diagnostic assessment as the ADHD cases and screened only for the absence of ADHD without exclusion of any other diagnosis except for the same exclusion criteria applied to cases.
SES is measured by poverty-to-income ratio (PIR), and PIR is the ratio of family income to the poverty threshold for the year of the interview. Different! Low SES was defined as having PIR values #x0003c; 1 in our analysis and high SES as having PIR #x0003e; 3. The others were regarded as middle SES. The study was approved by our institutional review boards and Why American woman, complied with all applicable requirements of the United States. The parents of obama thesis founders, all the are not to wear hijab places children in this study provided written informed consent at enrollment. Blood samples (2 mL/child) were collected in heparinized syringes. Lead concentrations were measured by anodic stripping voltametry through a blood lead analysis instrument (3010B; ESA Laboratories, Inc., Chelmsford, MA, USA) after the blood samples were digested with an organic tissue solubilizer. The limit of detection was 1.0 #x003bc;g/dL. No detectable values were given values of 0.70 (1.0 divided by the square root of 2). Lead values were calculated as the essays service means of four analyses of each sample.
Epidemiologic studies have shown that male sex, low SES, and woman allow hijab places, young age are associated with a raised prevalence of ADHD. Moreover, its prevalence falls with age (Biederman and dissertation thesis, Faraone 2004; Doyle 2004; Scahill and Schwab-Stone 2000). To address these important confounding factors, we employed a pair-match design on age, sex, and SES; thus, the stratified control subjects were at risk at the same sex, age, and SES. In addition, we considered multiple covariates and potential confounders for the association of lead exposure and ADHD in our study. They were based on established predictors of child behavioral problems and those widely used in studies of Why American woman allow to wear in public places, pediatric lead exposure (Banerjee et al. 2007; Biederman and Faraone 2005; Linnet et al. 2003; Mick et al. 2002; Millichap 2008; St Sauver et al. Different Of Essays! 2004; Swanson et al. Why American Allow To Wear Places! 2007; Wasserman et al. 2001).
The following variables were used: family history of business scholarship, ADHD (ADHD in woman to wear hijab in public places parents and siblings, diagnosed by psychiatrists, obtained from clinical reports), household composition (normal: child lives with biological parents; single: child lives with only one parent; or recombined: child lives in remarried family), maternal tobacco use during pregnancy (at least one cigarette per day during the last trimester), maternal drinking during pregnancy (at least two glasses per week during the essay entire pregnancy), labor complications, cesarean delivery, perinatal distress [low birth weight and admission to Why American woman hijab places, a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as markers], parents#x02019; age at childbirth, and parents#x02019; education. Because all the cases recruited were of Chinese Han nationality, the variable of ethnic origin could not be used in different tones of essays our analysis. Why American Allow Places! These variables were obtained from clinical records or questionnaires completed by direct interview of the parents. Immigration Naturalization! Study factors were defined as binary variables or categorical variables. For example, maternal smoking and Why American woman are not hijab in public, drinking habits during pregnancy were recorded as binary variables#x02014;that is, drinker or nondrinker, cigarette smoker or nonsmoker. We analyzed some continuous potential risk factors as categorical variables according to cut points suggested by the literature. For example, low birth weight is typically defined as #x0003c; 2,500 g (St Sauver et al.
2004). Maternal and paternal age were analyzed as three categories (St Sauver et al. 2004): #x0003c; 20 years, 20#x02013;30 years, and #x0003e; 30 years of age. Maternal and paternal education were analyzed as #x02264; 9 years of compulsory education, high school education (9#x02013;12 years), or some college or advanced training (#x02265; 12 years). Essay! The association between BLLs and ADHD was evaluated using the allow to wear hijab places Pearson chi-square test for thesis categorical variables and the Student t -test for continuous data.
We also performed a conditional logistic regression analysis with a binary outcome of ADHD in woman are not to wear hijab relation to BLLs, adjusting for other potential confounding factors (Hosmer and Lemeshow 2000). In the regression model, BLLs were analyzed as an obama thesis so-called founders, ordered categorical variable and recorded as three categories: #x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, 5#x02013;10 #x003bc;g/dL, and #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL. We then performed a conditional logistic regression analysis with backward stepwise procedures based on Why American woman are not hijab places, the maximum partial likelihood estimates to construct a final best-fit logistic regression models to identify predictors of risk for ADHD among known risk factors and BLLs. Global! We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for differing levels of exposure. Why American Allow Places! All statistical tests were considered to be significant at an alpha level of 0.05 on a two-tailed test and performed with the business bureau essay scholarship statistical software SPSS version 15.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). The analysis included 630 ADHD cases and 630 non-ADHD control subjects matched by age, sex, and SES. There were 434 sets of boys and 196 sets of girls. The average ages were 7.9 #x000b1; 2.1 years. The mean BLLs were 8.77 #x000b1; 3.89 #x003bc;g/dL in Why American are not to wear hijab in public the ADHD group and 5.76 #x000b1; 3.39 #x003bc;g/dL in obama founders the control group. The ADHD group had higher BLLs ( p #x0003c; 0.05, see Table 1 ). There was no significant difference in BLLs between males and females.
Figure 1 shows BLL distribution and cumulative distribution of ADHD children and controls. Only 10.1% of Why American woman are not allow places, non-ADHD children had BLLs #x0003e; 10 #x003bc;g/dL, whereas this percentage increased significantly to 24.4% in ADHD children. (#x003c7; 2 = 237, p #x0003c; 0.01). Dissertation Editing! In addition, 49.8% of non-ADHD children had BLLs #x0003e; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, whereas of the Why American allow to wear hijab in public ADHD cases, 74.7% had BLLS #x0003e; 5 #x003bc;g/dL (#x003c7; 2 = 116, p #x0003c; 0.01). Additional information in demographic and the distribution of risk factors are shown in Table 2 . We performed a conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis with all variables (BLLs and all risk factors) simultaneously included in editing the same model to adjust for woman are not to wear each other. We found that the essay ADHD cases were significantly associated with higher BLLs (OR = 5.19, p #x0003c; 0.01 for children with BLLs 5#x02013;10 #x003bc;g/dL; OR = 7.15, p #x0003c; 0.01 for with BLLs #x02265; 10 #x003bc;g/dL, using the sample with BLLs #x02264; 5 #x003bc;g/dL as referent) and family history of ADHD (OR = 4.54, p #x0003c; 0.01, compared with the Why American are not places sample without familial ADHD history). The risk for ADHD decreased as the mother#x02019;s education level increased (OR = 0.69, p = 0.017, using the sample of #x02264; 9 years maternal education as referent). Thesis So-called! The analysis also found an association between ADHD and Why American to wear hijab, maternal smoking during pregnancy, but the p- value is near the significant threshold (OR = 4.04, p = 0.047). Essays Naturalization Service! The remaining confounding variables in Why American are not to wear in public places our analysis were not associated with ADHD status ( Table 2 ). To eliminate multivariable interaction and multicollinearity, we then performed a backward stepwise logistic regression based on the maximum partial likelihood estimates. In the final best-fit model, the association between ADHD and maternal smoking during pregnancy was excluded, but ORs for the associations between ADHD and editing thesis, family history of ADHD, maternal education levels, and BLLs were largely unchanged from estimates obtained in Why American are not to wear in public the original model used in statement essay Table 2 ( Table 3 ). We also performed a conditional multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis stratified by sex and age. As with the total sample, ADHD cases were significantly associated with higher BLLs than the lower BLLs in all subdefinitions ( Table 4 ), which indicates that increased risk for Why American are not to wear hijab in public ADHD associated with BLLs is obama thesis so-called, not modified by age and woman hijab in public, sex. We examined the effect of BLLs in ADHD cases and non-ADHD controls with adjustment for most other known risk factors in Chinese children 4#x02013;12 years of age.
We found ADHD cases were more likely to have been exposed to of essays, lead. The children with BLLs #x0003e; 10 #x003bc;g/dL had 4.1- to woman allow to wear in public, 8.7-fold higher risk for ADHD. Even when their BLLs were under the recommended level but #x0003e; 5 #x003bc;g/dL, the risk also showed a 3.5- to 7.0-fold increase. Family history of ADHD was another positive high-risk factor. Decreased risk for ADHD was associated with higher maternal education.
Lead may play important roles in the etiology of ADHD. Recently, Braun et al. (2006) analyzed data from essay university of leicester, a U.S population-based sample and concluded that prenatal tobacco exposure and environmental lead are risk factors for ADHD; they found 4.1-fold increased odds of ADHD with increased BLLs. Our work confirmed this finding in the referred sample that relied on the DSM-IV-R criteria. In addition, Nigg et al. (2008) reported that low-level lead exposure was associated with formal clinical diagnostic ADHD by DSM-IV-R criteria in a community sample in the United States, where regulations have reduced the incidence of lead poisoning and the current population average of lead levels is relatively lower. This is consistent with our finding that the risk of ADHD was associated with low lead exposures (#x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL) in Chinese children. Some studies documented varying behavioral effects of lead exposure in males and females (Burns et al. 1999; Ris et al. 2004).
However, in Why American woman hijab in public places our study, sex and age did not modify the relationship between BLLs and ADHD. Further studies investigating how neurobehavioral outcome varies with sex and age may be required. In our study, the absence of a statistically significant association between maternal smoking and ADHD was unexpected, in contrast to previous reports (Braun et al. Different Tones! 2006; Linnet et al. 2003; Swanson et al. 2007).
The reason might be that, in China, few women smoke during pregnancy and allow, throughout life, which limits the statistical power in detecting a significant difference. Another reason might be that smoking and essays immigration service, drinking variables of the mother were recorded as a dichotomy in our study, and the threshold to define the variables may underreport in allow in public places utero smoke and alcohol exposure. This potential misclassification might underestimate the true association between pregnancy smoking and dissertation editing thesis, ADHD. Our study found higher maternal education was associated with decreased risk for ADHD. Allow Hijab In Public! This result is consistent with previous work, which indicated that low maternal education, low SES, and essay, single parenthood are important adverse factors for Why American to wear hijab ADHD (Biederman and university, Faraone 2005; Millichap 2008; St Sauver et al. 2004). Hijab In Public Places! Apart from environmental risk factors for global ADHD, our current report indicated that children with a family history of ADHD were more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD.
It is are not in public, also consistent with previous work, which showed that ADHD is transmitted in essays immigration families (Biederman and Why American woman are not allow to wear hijab in public, Faraone 2002, 2005; Millichap 2008). Although our study showed the association between lead and thesis so-called, ADHD, we cannot explain clearly the mechanism that underlies the woman are not allow in public places relationship. As for essay the etiology of ADHD, dopamine system dysfunction has important effects (Biederman and Faraone 2002; Swanson et al. 2007). There is Why American are not to wear hijab places, extensive evidence that lead alters midbrain/striatal dopamine functioning as well as gene expression in the striatum (Cory-Slechta 1995; Kala and better essay scholarship, Jadhav 1995; Szczerbak et al. 2007), so the neurotoxic effect of lead on the dopaminergic neurotransmitter system may be implicated in the pathway to ADHD. Lead exposure could represent a hidden major effect on Why American woman allow in public places, ADHD incidence via genotype by environmental interaction (Swanson et al. 2007). The strengths of this study are as follows: a ) Our sample size was the largest to date in writing of leicester case#x02013;control studies to investigate BLLs and ADHD. b ) The ADHD diagnosis was made through an extensive clinical evaluation based on the DSM-IV-R diagnostic instrument and are not allow to wear hijab in public places, performed by child and adolescent psychiatrists. c ) The investigators matched the cases and controls on potentially important aspects such as age, sex, or SES. This is important because lead levels are highest among younger children compared with adolescents, and ADHD is global statement essay, of higher prevalence among children of elementary and middle-school age. This study suggests that there is a link between ADHD and are not to wear places, BLLs, and the results reinforced findings from previous studies (Braun et al.
2006; Nigg et al. Writing University! 2008). If on further inquiry these associations are found to be causal, lead exposure may represent a modifiable risk factor for this common psychiatric condition of childhood. Considering that ADHD typically starts in early childhood and that lead poisoning is one of the most common and Why American allow to wear in public places, entirely preventable pediatric problems (AAP 2005; CDC 1991), strategies in public health must focus on practicing primary and secondary prevention of lead exposure in children. For example, clinicians should alert parents to so-called, potential adverse outcomes of lead associated with this disorder. In addition, routine screening for lead exposure may be needed so that if ADHD symptoms emerge, they can be managed at Why American woman are not allow to wear hijab in public, an early stage. Moreover, BLLs #x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL also indicated a risk factor.
This may suggest that the lower standard may effectively protect children from the different tones of essays harmful effects of woman are not allow to wear, lead, which is consistent with previous investigations (AAP 2005; Canfield et al. 2003; Surkan et al. 2007). Some studies (Ruff et al. 1993; Tong et al. 1998) found an association between declining BLLs and improved cognitive test scores, independent of whether iron or chelation therapy was administered. However, other works (AAP 2005; Canfield et al. Thesis Founders! 2003) indicated that the damage caused by blood lead exposure is irreversible. Further epidemiologic studies and rigorous randomized controlled trials are needed to determine whether chelation therapy or removal of Why American hijab in public places, possible lead exposure sources might help children with ADHD. This study has several limitations.
First, temporality between high BLLs and ADHD could not be ascertained definitely in this case#x02013;control design. It is possible that hyperactive children ingest more lead rather than that lead causes hyperactivity. Therefore, further studies with serial lead measurements, even from the antenatal to obama thesis so-called, the postnatal period, and more continuous measures of ADHD symptoms or of specific underlying neurobehavioral domains may be required to document the temporal relationship between lead exposure and are not allow, development of editing, ADHD. Second, some might argue that concurrent blood lead tests are not an adequate biomarker of to wear, a child#x02019;s lifetime exposure. However, recent studies indicate that concurrent BLLs are a stronger predictor of essays immigration naturalization, lead-associated IQ decrements than blood lead measured during early childhood (Lanphear et al. Are Not To Wear Hijab! 2005). Dissertation! Third, recall bias is Why American are not allow to wear hijab in public places, one of the problems of the case#x02013;control study.
In this study, the main variable of statement, interest was the to wear BLLs, which were objectively measured. Writing University! However, other variables such as in utero tobacco and alcohol exposure may be susceptible to recall bias. Fourth, the cohort was not a random population sample, so potential selection biases cannot be fully ruled out. In addition, because all our sample was Chinese Han, no children living in foster families were included, and woman to wear hijab, none of the global statement essay sample had health insurance, our results may not generalize to children with different socioeconomic or ethnic backgrounds. Finally, it is interesting that Nigg et al. (2008) found a significant relationship between combined-type ADHD and Why American woman hijab places, low-level lead exposure but not predominantly inattentive type and lead exposure. However, we were unable to do analogous analyses by subtype because of the constraints of the obama so-called study matching scheme.
This hospital-based case#x02013;control study suggests a strong relationship exists between ADHD and lead exposure, even low-level lead exposure (#x0003c; 10 #x003bc;g/dL BLL), in Chinese children. If this finding is confirmed in future studies, the woman are not hijab in public places potential to prevent ADHD by reducing childhood lead exposure should be considered.
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Free Essays on woman allow to wear hijab Persuasive Essay Horror Movies. Here is an essay I am writing for my English 101 class. Any advice or criticism would be helpful and very much appreciated. Essay Writing. The full text of King's essay is available at the end of the article for reference. Why American Woman Are Not Allow To Wear. An Excuse for founders Horror : Stephen King’s “Why We. ? Essay Analysis of Why We Crave Horror Movies Thesis: Stephen King never clearly states the thesis of this essay however there is enough information provided that we can infer one. We need to keep our inner lyncher at bay by feeding ourselves with small portions of demonic, bloody, violence, found. ?Masha, Felicia English 1C Professor N. Guimaraes Essay #1 09-18-2014 Logical Fallacies in “Why We Crave Horror Movies ” By Stephan.
Roller Coaster of Horror As we analyze Stephen King’s essay “Why We Crave Horror Movies ,” we come across his essential reasons as to what gives us the ambition and motivation to insist watching horror movies . Why American Allow Hijab In Public. In a way Stephen King is correct; one way or another we all are mentally ill to a point. Why Do We Watch Scary Movies ? When reading To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, one aspect of the early story really bothered me. Why do Jem and Scout, even though they are deathly scared of the essay writing university, Radley house dare each other to mess with the house? Evidently, the two children are fascinated by the fear. water, the amount of water in the environment has a huge impact on the effectiveness of this transport system. Essay Question 2 Essay Question 4 4. in the movie Little Shop of Why American allow to wear places Horrors , the plant wanted blood to survive. Figure out what blood consists of and what the elemental requirements of the.
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In a lot of business scholarship ways these things can be related to real life situations. My relief. The Gullible Public Rhetoric is found in many different areas of media. Ads, commercials, essays , and even television shows can feature this persuasive language. For example, an article can include math to explain the logic of an argument, make people want to Why American are not allow to wear hijab places, fit in with the better scholarship, crowd the article pertains. King’s Why We Crave Horror Movies Stephen King writes very accurately on how we, the woman are not to wear hijab in public, public, desire the need “to put away our more civilized and adult penchant for analysis and to become children again” by watching a horror -themed movie.
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Stephen King “Why We Crave Horror Movies ” Close Reading 1. Mr. King states his thesis in the very first sentences, “I think that we’re all mentally ill; those of us outside the asylums only hide it a little better- and maybe not all that much better, after all. Business Essay. Located in paragraph one. Mr. King. April 1st 2008 Transitional Horror When you think of to wear hijab in public horror films today, what do you associate them with? Most people in the neo horror age are quick to dissertation editing thesis, answer with a single word and think nothing of woman hijab it, this word is gore. To any cultured person, this is a noticeable transition from essays immigration, what. Essay Samples HOME F.A.Q. REGISTER LOGIN SEARCH Essay Topics Acceptance Art Business Custom Written Direct Essays English Example Essays Foreign History Medical Mega Essays Miscellaneous Movies Music Novels People Politics Pre-Written Religion Science Search Speeches . “Why we crave horror movies ” In the essay “Why we crave horror movies ” Stephen King argues the reason why we crave watching horror movies , examining the obvious and hidden.
King believes we are all mentally ill by saying that we’ve all known people who have a certain kind of characteristic that can. most young guys I like movies very much. Movies in English are an effective tool for learning English. I remember when I went to are not to wear in public, New Oriental to study English I always worried about dissertation editing thesis my poor listening skill. Then I accepted a teacher’s advice and started to watch some English movies . I can learn some useful. ?1001 Five-Paragraph Essay Project: Brainstorming To do well on a project you should be prepared to spend time over several days to do your best work.
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Lessons I'Ve Learned from Horror Movies. Lessons I've Learned from are not hijab, Horror Movies I am a movie buff and essays, love pretty much any genre. However my favorite would be horror movies . Now I admit in order to watch most of them it has to woman are not allow in public places, be the middle of the afternoon, all my doors and windows have to be locked, and all the lights in the house have. Essay on an Analysis of Horror Movies in general. the essays naturalization, examples used are from Nightmare on Elm Street 3, Friday the allow to wear in public, 13th (Part 8) and Freddy VS Jason Horror has been a long time one of the most popular categories of films in the movie industry. People liked to watch horror films to be afraid and to outdo their fears: On a psychological level, the horror film dramatizes our nightmares, so that we can confront them (Sigmund Freud, p.644). Essay Of Leicester. Gradually. GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS® Practice General Test # 3 Analytical Writing Sample Essays and Commentaries Large Print (18 point) Edition Copyright © 2012 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. ETS, the ETS logo, GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS, and Why American woman are not to wear hijab places, GRE are registered trademarks. THE FIRST HORROR MOVIE I EVER WATCH Phyllis Huffines January 22, 2011 Instructor Geter The first horror movie I ever watched was The Howling.
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The Movies By John Bennett The birth and global statement, production of the commercial full-length movie, beginning in the very beginning of the Why American, 20th century (The Story of the Kelly Gang (1906, Australia), with a running time of between 60-70 minutes)(), up until today has changed dramatically. Before the advent. and Effect Essay David Sanders Eng.1001 South University King argues in Why We Crave Horror Movies that horror movies have “a dirty job to do: they feed the hungry monsters in different tones, our psyche. Why American Woman To Wear Places. Write an obama thesis so-called founders essay in which you put King’s thesis to the test. Woman Are Not Allow To Wear Places. Briefly describe the first horror movie you ever.
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King also says that we. Media and Society Essay The films Killing Me Softly 3 and Tough Guise both measure the influence the media has on society. Killing Me Softly 3 focuses on the media objectifying women and dissertation, its effects. Why American Woman Allow In Public Places. Tough Guise takes a closer look at essay writing university, how the media’s images and messages influence the woman to wear, culture of men. Contemporary Research Vol. 2 No.
4; April 2012 The Genre of better business bureau essay Horror Mgr. Viktoria Prohaszkova Department of Massmedia Communication University of Ss. Cyrill and Method Trnava Abstract The study deals with the Why American woman are not allow hijab places, genre of horror , outlining it and describing the dominant features and typological . Erikson’s essay show the essay, utter fear people had when it came to the meltdown at the Three Mile Island power plant. These human made catastrophes, other wise known as technological disasters, had people at their knees. According to Sobchack’s essay , we now have fabricated violence in movies that people. How Does Wilfred Owen Use Poetic Techniques to Convey the Horror of woman are not places War.
Wilfred Owen uses a range of tones poetic techniques to convey the horror of war. Why American Woman Allow To Wear Places. The detail in Owen's poetry puts forward his scenes horrifically and memorably. His poems are saturated with the essays naturalization, horrors of battle. Many of Owen's poems bring across disturbing themes and Why American woman are not allow to wear hijab in public, images, which stay in the mind long after. argumantative essay about global statement social media. com/subjects/argumentative- essay -for-social-networking-page1.html http://www.studymode.com/ essays / Persuasive - Essay -On-Social-Networking-Con-1086855.html (2014). The cons of social media. Available: http://www.e-guillotine.com/the-cons-of-social-media.php.
Last accessed 25th april 2014. (2012). Persuasive Essay. Major Comparative Essay – Second Critical Assignment This essay compares and are not allow to wear places, contrasts the thesis, effectiveness of two articles that present arguments offered in relation to an issue of woman are not allow in public suitability of using super-skinny models by fashion designers, which has been discussed in the news media. One of articles. New Essays on thesis Topics Suggested by Members How The Economy Has Affected Holiday Spending | Behavioral screening - a new form or airport security | Polar Bears Resort to Cannibalism as Arctic Ice Shrinks | How The Presidential Records Act Affects Obama's BlackBerry Obsession | How Will Barack Obama Change. along with many other women and men. Most of the women and men that were accused of Why American hijab in public witchcraft had Abigail to obama thesis founders, thank. Although her lies can be persuasive at times, it does not get her where she wants to Why American woman allow to wear in public places, be.
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Social Psychology : Should social psychology aim for a more integrated approach? Social psychology is the scientific study of how we affect each other by anything from Why American to wear in public what we say or do, to the simple act of better bureau essay scholarship, our presence. From this descriptions it is clear how social psychology is often seen to overlap with sociology and Why American woman to wear hijab in public places indeed explains why many of its roots are there. Perhaps because of its diverse roots, the range of different approaches within social psychology can seem bewildering and, quite apart from anything else, it can be difficult to see any kind of coherent whole or overarching meta-theories. In order to evaluate whether social psychology might benefit from a more integrated approach it is useful to evaluate where that integration is occurring and whether it is producing meaningful knowledge. The standard approach to most areas of social psychology has been in the creation of theories that are not overarching but more modestly aim to explain an area of social psychology but go no further. Global Essay! This is partly the result of a proliferation of research in social psychology that has meant that researchers tend to focus on Why American woman to wear hijab in public places a specialised field and take less notice of what is happening outside its narrow confines - not a situation conducive to an integrative approach. The problem with this fragmented approach is clearly seen in what are called the different 'levels of explanation' at which social psychological research operates at.
The three levels are intrapersonal, interpersonal, and intergroup and the research has tended to concentrate on one of university, these levels without integrating them together. Why American Woman Allow To Wear! This can lead to statement essay, an incomplete answer to the original research question. Hogg Vaughan (2002) use the example of social psychologists tackling group behaviour in terms of intrapsychic processes - like personality - which are not amenable to explaining such phenomena as stereotyping or prejudice. Branscombe Spears (2001) have suggested that there are ways to integrate social psychological knowledge and woman are not allow to wear in public outline some of these attempts. The continuing rise of cognitive psychology as an overarching method of explanation or meta-theory, has been invoked in social psychology. For example, explanations of social cognition are made in essay university of leicester terms of information processing using neural or connectionist networks as the basis. This can be seen in a variety of experiments on the effects of woman in public places, motivational and emotional factors on behaviour such as that by Forgas (1995). Here participants were told they were going to be involved in two unrelated studies, the first involving watching a film which was either happy, sad or neutral.
The second involved making a judgement about a person under a variety of essay writing, different conditions. The experimenters wanted to see how the mood state would affect the social judgement of the participants. They found different levels of 'affect infusion' depending on the particular circumstances of the study. The main criticism of this type of formulation of motivational and woman are not allow in public places emotional factors as somehow 'add-on' or extra factors that then modify 'normal behaviour' is that it rather isolates these factors rather than integrating them with the perception and evaluation of others. Evolutionary psychology has also had a great effect on many areas of psychology and lays claim to being another overarching theory - although this is better business bureau, more of Why American allow, a 'top-down' rather than 'bottom-up' theory. Evolutionary theorists such as Buss (1995) claim that parts of our behaviour can be explained in terms of global statement, adaptations to the environment, both social and physical. This had become a very popular explanation with analysis often focussing on interpersonal relationships, specifically in terms of sexual attraction and how it relates to differing levels of investment in offspring. Modern theorists are now, however, turning away from evolutionary theory as it tends to Why American woman allow places, focus on how the distant past might affect people's behaviour today.
While it is university of leicester, possible, perhaps probable, that evolutionary factors will be somewhat relevant, it can be difficult to see this as a complete overarching theory that can explain how people behave in modern technological societies. Both the evolutionary theory and ideas from cognitive psychology, therefore, do not provide meta-theoretical explanations on which social psychology can build an integrated perspective. Where then can we turn? Currently one of the are not allow to wear, most hopeful areas for an integrative approach as identified by both Hogg Vaughan (2002) and Branscombe Spears (2001) is in essays service a particularly social psychological perspective. These authors suggest that one of the most successful attempts at integrating analyses from a variety of different levels - intrapersonal, interpersonal and intergroup - is in social identity theory (Tajfel Turner, 1986). Social identity theory grew out of the minimal group paradigm experiments in which it was found that people would strongly identify with even an extremely arbitrary and Why American woman are not in public loosely formed grouping so as to prefer the in-group members over thesis founders the out-group members. Are Not Allow To Wear Hijab In Public! This would occur with only the smallest and dissertation most subtle provocation (described in Tajfel, 1978).
This theory is based on the idea that society is structured by social groupings with different levels of power and interests and that people gain their social identity from these groups. Attached to this social identity are particular ways of behaving to be adhered to. People are not limited to a single social identity though and can, and generally do, have multiple identities which can be switched between depending on the situation. To counter the criticisms mentioned earlier about levels of explanation, social identity theory is careful to separate personal identity from Why American are not allow hijab social identity as it is precisely the confounding of these two levels that has drawn the censure of different tones, critics. Because of its concentration on woman allow in public places the importance of groups, a number of different tones of essays, established social psychological processes are also brought into Why American woman are not places the theory automatically. These include, for example, in-group favouritism and intergroup differentiation. Thesis! Finally, social identity theory assumes that people have a need to gain a positive evaluation of are not allow to wear, themselves in relation to other people. The explanations provided by social identity theory so far cover interpersonal and intergroup effects, but what about intrapsychic processes?
Branscombe Spears (2001) suggest that self-categorisation theory provides another important piece in providing an integrated meta-theory. Obama Founders! Self-categorisation theory grew out of social identity theory and concentrates on how a person places themselves in particular social categories (Turner, 1987). It sees a person as choosing from a number of fuzzy categories about Why American to wear hijab places how to behave in particular situations as compared to a kind of prototype. This analysis brings in the more cognitive ideas of having a representation of a group, and the prototype of that group, and then comparing individual behaviour to that. These kinds of distinctions between levels of understanding and categorisation or identity can be clearly understood in research like that carried out by essay Spears, Doosje, Ellemers (1997). In this study psychology students were encouraged to compare themselves to fine arts students and then physics students respectively. The results showed they tended to Why American woman hijab, emphasise their intelligence when comparing themselves to fine arts students, and their creativity when comparing themselves to physics students. This clearly shows how people have a need to statement essay, compare themselves favourably to others but also effectively shows how people's image of themselves is affected by woman are not allow to wear hijab in public the exact nature of the dissertation editing thesis, social comparison that they are making. The combination of social identity theory and self-categorisation theory have been used to explain a number of social psychological phenomena. These have included social stereotyping, group formation and cohesion and the maintenance of self-esteem. One oft-analysed example that demonstrates the salient points is Why American woman allow to wear hijab in public places, that of crowd behaviour.
Crowd behaviour has traditionally been analysed as a function of changes in individuation and in self-awareness in an individual person. Like many areas of social psychology this analysis has come under fire for ignoring or playing down the intergroup interactions. In an service analysis of crowd behaviour based on social identity theory, these criticisms are lessened. Reicher, Spears Postmes (1995) posit that crowds come together as members of hijab, a specific social group in order to bureau, perform a particular act or protest, the result of this is that there is often a high level of the sharing of social identity. But in a crowd situation there are frequently few cues as to how to behave and so people tend to look for those members of the group that they identify with and woman allow to wear in public copy them. To look at it from another perspective, rather than becoming deindividuated by being in a crowd, people are actually raising their social identity in this situation above their personal identity.
The simple result is that people tend to conform to the group norms to a greater extent. Of Leicester! Studies of are not to wear in public places, riots cited by Hogg Vaughan (2002) provide some evidence for dissertation, this point of view. Reicher (1984) studied the riots that occurred in 1980 in Why American woman allow to wear hijab in public places the St Paul's area of Bristol. It was found that, for example, people only targeted symbols of the state such as the police and thesis so-called banks, they were certainly not indiscriminate. There was a strong sense of positive social identity and the crowd remained within the confines of St Paul's rather than spreading to other areas. These kinds of findings tend to support ideas from social identity and self-categorisation theory. The fragmentation and attempts at integration discussed so far are those that have occurred within what is known as mainstream social psychology . However, one of the most important major differences or splits in the practice of Why American woman are not allow to wear in public places, social psychology came with the so-called 'crisis in social psychology' in the late 60s and early 70s.
This was lead by critics of traditional approaches to social psychology like Gergen (1973). What these critics were saying was that social psychology, in its mainstream incarnation, had become too obsessed with scientific methods that were not best suited to essays, gaining social psychological knowledge: namely reductionism and positivism. Woman To Wear Hijab! The effect of concentrating on reductionism in psychology, it was argued, meant that accounts of social psychological phenomena tended to concentrate on intrapersonal psychology at the expense of of leicester, understanding the social nature of human relations. Critics of positivist approaches claimed that social psychologists tended to place too much emphasis on the explanatory power of traditional scientific methods. They contended that it was not possible to study a person or group of woman hijab in public places, people in an 'objective' way for the simple reason that effectively people are studying themselves and it is essay writing university of leicester, impossible to are not allow hijab places, be objective about yourself - by definition! While traditional experimental approaches to social psychology continued then, new methods began to grow from different traditions that challenged the way social psychology had been 'done' in the past. Lyons (1998) describes some of university, these new approaches that are often collected under the banner of 'social constructionism'. This new plurality of Why American woman are not allow in public, approaches has at its centre the different of essays, idea that reality is Why American in public, socially constructed.
In essence this idea is that there is no objective reality so that reality which we construct (mainly) through our language should form the primary focus for investigation. Discourse analysis (Potter Wetherell, 1987) is one method of analysing our interactions with each other that involves the qualitative analysis of business bureau essay, written or verbal text. While these new approaches to Why American woman are not allow to wear in public places, social psychology have certainly fed back usefully into the mainstream in terms of the methodologies used, their philosophical bases are fundamentally opposed to the way that mainstream psychology is carried out. Still, their concentration on the social in social psychology can be seen to of leicester, parallel the mainstream's increasing awareness in the same direction. Whether integration is desirable, or even possible, between these two approaches is certainly questionable. The main problem for social psychologists is that knowledge naturally becomes highly specialised and eventually ghettoised, so that there is little communication between specialisms and to wear in public little opportunity for the sharing and integration of knowledge. As human beings represent extremely complicated integrated systems it seems unlikely that they can be fully understood as a number of discrete parts or modules. Unless bridges can be built between the sub-disciplines of social psychology, it seems likely that much knowledge about how these systems operate will be lost between the widening cracks. There is some evidence that some level of integration might be achieved through social identity and essays immigration service self-categorisation theory, although the gap between mainstream social psychology and Why American allow to wear hijab social constructionist analyses look less likely to be bridged despite the boost to qualitative methodologies in different the mainstream.
Branscombe, N. R. Why American Woman Are Not Hijab! Spears, R. Better Essay Scholarship! (2001) Social Psychology : Past, Present, and Some Predictions for the Future. Allow Hijab In Public Places! In J. S. Halonen S. F. Davis (Eds.). The many faces of psychological research in immigration the 21st century (text-only version; chap. 7). Retrieved September 5, 2005 from http://teachpsych.lemoyne.edu/teachpsych/faces/text/Ch07.htm Buss, D. M. (1995). Psychological sex differences: Origins through sexual selection. American Psychologist, 50, 164-168. Forgas, J. P. (1995). Mood and judgment: The affect infusion model (AIM). Psychological Bulletin, 117, 39-66. Gergen, K. J. (1973).
Social psychology as history. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 26, 309-320. Hogg, M. A. Vaughan, G. M. (2002) Social Psychology, Third Edition, London: Prentice Hall Lyons, E. (1998) Social Psychology 1, In Psychology: An Integrated Approach, Ed. Eysenek, M. W., pp.324-355. Essex: Longman. Potter, J., Wetherell, M. (1987). Why American Are Not Hijab In Public! Discourse and essay university social psychology: Beyond attitudes and are not behaviour. London: Sage. Reicher, S. (1984) St. Paul's a study of the statement, limits of crowd behaviour. In Murphy J et al (eds.) Dialogues and woman are not allow to wear hijab in public debates in social psychology.
Reicher, S. D., Spears, R., Postmes, T. (1995). A social identity model of deindividuation phenomena. Obama Thesis So-called! In Stroebe, W., Hewstone, M. (Eds.), European review of social psychology, Vol. 6, pp. 161-198). Chichester, UK: Wiley. Spears, R., Doosje, B., Ellemers, N. (1997). Self-stereotyping in are not places the face of threats to group status and distinctiveness: The role of group identification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 538-553. Tajfel, H. (1978).
Interindividual behaviour and intergroup behaviour. In: Tajfel, H. (Ed.) Differentiation between social groups (pp. 27-60). Essay Scholarship! New York: Academic Press. Tajfel, H., Turner, J.C. (1986). The social identity theory of Why American woman allow to wear in public, intergroup behavior. In Worchel, S., Austin, W. Different! G. (Eds.), The psychology of intergroup relations (pp. Are Not Places! 7-24). Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall.
Turner, J.C. (1987). A self-categorization theory. In Turner, J.C. Hogg, M.A. Of Essays! Oakes, P.J. Reicher, S.D., Wetherell M.S. Why American Woman Hijab In Public Places! (Eds.), Rediscovering the essays naturalization, social group: A self-categorization theory (pp. 42-67). Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
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