Research paper thesis
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Writing a discussion for a research paper or thesis
This is an introduction to writing a discussion section for a research paper or thesis, suitable for people undertaking a Masters and
What is the difference between thesis, research paper and project
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19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Recruiters spend an thesis, average of six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the initial decision on candidates, according to can u write a paper on an ipad, research conducted by TheLadders, an online job-matching service for paper thesis professionals. That means you have to win them over phones essay fast. To get a better idea of what makes a resume great, we reached out to research paper, Amanda Augustine, career expert at TheLadders. She created an example of an excellent resume and mexico drug trafficking, allowed us to share it.
While resumes should be tailored to research paper, the industry you're in, the essay patterns one below offers a helpful guide for paper thesis entry- and mid-level professionals with three to mexico drug trafficking essay, five years of relevant work experience. What makes this resume so great? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. It includes a URL to the jobseeker's professional online profile. If you don't include URLs to your professional online profiles, hiring managers will look you up regardless. Research. Augustine tells Business Insider that 86% of recruiters admit to buy a, reviewing candidates' online profiles, so why not include your URL along with your contact information? This will prevent recruiters from having to guess or mistaking you for someone else. Paper. If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on your resume and online professional profiles to differentiate yourself from the competition, says Augustine. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Johnson. Then use this name consistently, be it on a personal statement, LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook.
3. It includes a single phone number and email address. Choose one phone number for your resume where you control the voicemail message and who picks up the phone, she advises. The same rule applies to an email address. 4. It does not include an objective statement. There's no point in including a generic objective about a professional looking for opportunities that will allow me to leverage my skills, says Augustine.
It's not helpful and distracting. Research. Ditch it. 5. Instead, it includes an executive summary. Replace your fluffy statement with an statement should be submitted, executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and what you're looking for research paper thesis . In approximately three to five sentences, explain what you're great at, most interested in, and can u write a paper on an, how you can provide value to a prospective employer, Augustine says. Research. 6. It uses reverse chronological order.
This is the most helpful for essay recruiters because they're able to see what you've been doing in recent years immediately, says Augustine. Research Thesis. The only time you shouldn't do this is if you're trying to a personal should, transition to paper thesis, another career altogether, but then again, in this situation, you'll probably be relying more on networks, than your resume, she says. 7. It uses keywords like forecasting and strategic planning. Many companies use some kind of screening process to identify the right candidates. You should include the essay about education keywords mentioned in paper thesis, the job posting throughout your resume. Identify the common keywords, terminology, and key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of your target role and incorporate them into essay patterns your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. This will help you make it past the initial screenings and on to the recruiter or hiring manager.
8. It provides company descriptions. It's helpful for recruiters to know the size of the thesis company you used to work for, advises Augustine. Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at a small company, she says. You can go to the company's About Us section and rewrite one or two lines of the description. This should be included right underneath the should name of the paper thesis company. While the company size is helpful information, including the company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in. For example, being an accountant in tech may be very different than being an buy a house essay, accountant in research paper thesis, the hospitality industry. As with most things on a resume, the company description should be tailored based on the professional's goals. If you're looking to switch industries, your focus may be on the company size - assuming it's similar to your goals - and less on mexico drug trafficking, discussing the various products your company sells.
9. Research. It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text. Recruiters receive so many resumes to scan through at a time, so make it as easy as possible for a paper them to understand why you're perfect for the job. Dense blocks of text are too difficult to read, says Augustine. 10. Instead, achievements are listed in two to five bullet points per job.
Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your team's projects and research, initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine. Quantify your major accomplishments and contributions for each role, Augustine tells us. This can include the money you saved or brought in for buy a essay your employer, deals closed, and research paper, projects delivered on time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to essay about be funded by the state, five bullet points. 12. Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause. A good rule is to use the result BY action sentence structure whenever possible. For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in annual savings by research paper, employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships. 13. White space draws the reader's eyes to important points.
Recruiters do not spend a lot of time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of buy a essay, text. The key is to format the information in a way that makes it easy to scan and recognize your job goals and relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us. 14. It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors. Stick to black and paper, white color, says Augustine. As for and misuses essay font, it's best to stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. Augustine says you should never write your resume in third person because everyone knows you're the one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service).
Instead, you should write it in first person, and do not include pronouns. It's weird [to include pronouns], and it's an extra word you don't need, she says. You need to streamline your resume because you have limited real estate. Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the applicant-tracking software and jumble your resume in the system, says Augustine. 17. Research Paper Thesis. It doesn't use headers or footers. It may look neat and concise to trafficking, display your contact information in the header, but for t he same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in an applicant tracking system, says Augustine.
18. Education is listed at the bottom. Unless you're a recent graduate, you should highlight your work experience and move your education information to the bottom of your resume, says Augustine. Never include anything about your high-school years. 19. It doesn't say references upon request.
Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to include this line. Again, remember that space on your resume is crucial so don't waste it on a meaningless line, Augustine tells us.
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patent filed resume This application claims priority of a provisional application, Ser. No. 60/008,700, filed Dec. 15, 1995. The invention relates to electronic resume storage and retrieval systems and methods. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. Resumes are a primary communication medium between employers and job applicants (candidates). Employers annually spend billions of dollars to solicit resumes using newspaper advertisements, job fairs, college recruitment seminars, and other methods. In response, job applicants spend billions more to compose, typeset, print, and ship those resumes.
Unfortunately, present resume delivery practices are expensive and frustrating for job applicants. Identifying potential employers, obtaining addresses, producing resumes for each, and research finally delivering them is burdensome and time-consuming. The success rate for such efforts is discouragingly low, and the associated expenses can be quite significant. This makes the entire process quite inefficient from the applicant's point of view. Employers, too, suffer from the inefficiencies of resume collection and handling. The solicitation, receipt, storage, management, search, and retrieval of dozens, hundreds, and in some cases thousands of essay patterns resumes can be a difficult, unwieldy, and expensive burden on the employer. Physical, paper-based resumes are often stored in desk drawers and filing cabinets. The numerous limitations of research paper thesis present resume practices include consumption of substantial physical space; difficulty in searching through large quantities of paper documents; the near-impossibility of correlating applicants whose resumes may vary widely in organization, content, and clarity; and the lack of uniformity in the search process from one practitioner to another.
From the above discussion, it is clear that a very significant need exists for an improved method of resume solicitation, sorting, delivery, handling, and essay about be funded by the management. Yet prior attempts to resolve some of these problems have achieved only limited success. Research! Document scanners have been used in some attempts to statement be submitted reduce the physical space consumed by physical resumes. Thesis! However, search methods do not work well on scanned images because scanned resumes are stored as pictures, not searchable words or text. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been used in essay should by the, some attempts to convert paper-based resumes to pure text. However, employers are typically unwilling to forgo the paper traditional resume because of the widely held belief that the essay ability to review the format, style, and presentation of the resume itself is of value. Still other attempts have employed the research thesis aforementioned OCR conversion to allow the use of keyword search methods on the resulting text of full resumes, in an attempt to find those which contain key words or phrases. However, such methods have proven inefficient because of the nature of written language.
As just one example, an employer seeking applicants residing in the state of Indiana will find numerous false matches when searching with the standard postal service abbreviation IN. Should! The letter pair in appears frequently in the English language (many times in this sentence alone), yet most such matches in the full text of a resume would have little or nothing to do with the searcher's true intent. A further difficulty with keyword search methods is the requirement that the words or phrases in question must match with near-perfect accuracy. The diversity of job applicant writing skills and vocabularies causes many resumes, which otherwise might describe applicants with similar attributes, to be written using very different terms and phrases. Paper Thesis! Such wide variation causes keyword search methods to often erroneously exclude qualified applicants--without notification to the searcher--while simultaneously including unqualified ones. Prior attempts at applying computer technology to resume management have been limited in scope, applicability, and essay usefulness.
For example, many have been intended for use only by employers, employment specialists, or headhunters. Job applicants themselves are completely excluded from accessing such systems. One prior attempt, described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,164,897 to paper Clark et al. (incorporated by reference), is illustrative. The first sentence of the prior art section of house this patent describes the prior art as applying to employment agencies (sometimes called search firms). The preferred embodiment section of the patent then describes a system designed for use by such agencies and firms--without direct applicant involvement of paper any kind. Other attempts have allowed applicants to initially enter some data, but make no explicit provision for ongoing involvement. Such approaches can result in outdated information and questionable results.
Other attempts have required the installation of specialized computer hardware and/or software, or personnel training at the employer's place of business. The difficulty in essay patterns, learning and using the system often effectively restricts access to just those who have been appropriately trained. Other attempts have incorporated rudimentary computer-based searching methods. The most common method involves the aforementioned keyword searches on the contents of entire resumes, such as offered by Online Career Center, Indianapolis, Ind. and TMP Interactive, Framingham, Mass. The inherent limitations of such methods have already been discussed. Another attempt at research incorporating computer-based searching methods is seen in the services available from Intellimatch, San Jose, Calif., (Internet address: http://www.intellimatch.com). Essay About Should Be Funded By The! This attempt accepts weighted ranking data provided by applicants and employers. There are several disadvantages of this type of method: First, the user interface for interacting with such ranking systems can be complex, non-intuitive, unfamiliar, difficult to learn, and slow to operate. Second, there is no objective reference for ranking standards--individual applicants are asked to rank themselves, leading to an extremely subjective collection of personal opinions.
Third, employers are asked to rank their requirements in a like fashion, again without reference to an objective standard. Fourth, these highly subjective data are then compared to each other, compounding assumptions upon research paper, assumptions and often yielding startlingly mismatched and can u on an valueless results. Another attempt at research providing resume services on the Internet is provided by Beverly Hills Software, 469 South Bedford Drive, Beverly Hills, Calif. 90212, (Internet address: http://www.Bhs.Com). This attempt prompts applicants to enter text-only information using a template. However, keyword searches still involve searching the entire contents of resume data; no searching by fields is available. A visual template is provided for applicant data, but the trafficking resulting pure text is sorted as one large text file, like other systems. There is thesis also no provision for charging or collecting fees. Some of the aforementioned examples have attempted to incorporate various remote connection means.
Such remote methods have traditionally been limited to and misuses phones essay text-only resume storage and keyword-based searches of the full resume text. None have succeeded in addressing all of the problems described above. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. The invention provides a method of and apparatus for storage and retrieval of resume images in a manner which preserves the appearance, organization, and information content of the original document. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for storing formatted summaries or outlines of resume images, and efficient searching and subsequent selection of the resume outlines and research their associated resume images. One embodiment of the invention provides a user interface for creating the about higher education should be funded by the state aforementioned resume outlines which is research thesis based on a familiar paper-based method already in common use, thus reducing the training required to buy a effectively use the system. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for computer-assisted searching of the research paper aforementioned stored resume outlines in essay patterns, a manner which minimizes the need for research specialized equipment and training.
In one embodiment, such searches can be or suspended, and resumed at house essay a later time. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for enabling the automatic and research paper continuous execution of the searches through resume outlines, thereby determining when a potentially qualifying applicant has entered their resume outline and resume image and can u write on an ipad enabling employers to paper thesis be automatically notified thereof. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for coordinating the buy a terminology and vocabulary used by applicants and potential employers in the entry and searching for the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and research thesis apparatus for the controlled expansion of the terminology and vocabulary used by applicants and potential employers in the entry of and searching of the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems, such as the Internet, the can u write on an ipad World Wide Web, or other commercial connectivity services, for applicant submission of outlines or resume images, or employer searches through outlines or viewing of resume images. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems to automatically notify applicants or employers under certain conditions, such as the research thesis expiration of a time interval or occurrence of an event. One embodiment of the invention employs common and commercially available computer hardware and software to drug trafficking reduce or eliminate the need for specialized equipment by and training of the applicant or employer.
One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems for billing and payment for paper thesis services. Other features of the invention will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon review of the following detailed description, claims, and drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. Preferred embodiments of the invention are described below with reference to the following accompanying drawings. FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a system embodying the statement should be submitted invention. FIG. 2 is research a block diagram of a server included in the system shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 3 is an example of a resume outline form sent from the server of buy a house essay FIG.
2 to an applicant's client machine included in research, the system of FIG. 1. FIG. 4 is an example of a search request form sent from the server of FIG. 2 to an employer's client machine included in the system of higher should be funded by the state FIG. Research Paper! 1. FIG.
5 is an example of a summary of a resume outline sent from the server of FIG. Uses Of Mobile! 2 to an employer's client machine in paper thesis, response to a search request. FIG. Essay Be Funded State! 6 is an thesis, example of a vocabulary assistance process in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. FIG. And Misuses Phones Essay! 7 is an example of a resume image stored by research paper the server of FIG. 2. FIGS. 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and trafficking 13 define a flowchart of research paper a process performed by the server of FIG.
2. in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS. This disclosure of the invention is submitted in furtherance of the constitutional purposes of the U.S. Patent Laws to promote the progress of science and useful arts (Article 1, Section 8) FIG, 1 shows a resume storage and retrieval system 10 embodying the invention. The system 10 comprises a server 12 including a memory 14, and a database 16 defined in the memory 14. The server 12 can be a minicomputer, a microcomputer, a UNIX (TM) machine, a mainframe computer, a personal computer such as an Intel (TM) PC, 286, 386, 486, Pentium, P6, etc. (TM) personal computer or clone, or Apple (TM), Macintosh (TM), or PowerPC (TM) personal computer or clone, or any other appropriate computer. The memory 14 is preferably long term memory (e.g. hard drive, disk drive, tape unit, CD-ROM, etc.).
The server 12 includes typical components (FIG. 2) such as a CPU or processor 18, input devices such as a keyboard (not shown), and mouse (not shown), output devices (not shown) such as a monitor and printer, RAM 20, ROM 22, serial ports (not shown), parallel ports (not shown), and communication hardware 24, which may either be internal or external, such as internal communication cards (e.g., modem card or network card) or external communication hardware (e.g., external modem), etc. Can U Write On An Ipad! In one embodiment, the communication hardware 24 connects the research paper thesis server 12 to essay education by the state the Internet, so that the server 12 defines an Internet node. More particularly in one embodiment, the server 12 is a World Wide Web server connected to thesis the Internet. Higher Education State! In this embodiments the server 12 has a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system such as UNIX (if the server is a UNIX machine), Windows NT, LINUX (if the server is a personal computer), etc. The system 10 further includes a job applicant's client machine (or applicant's client machine) 26 in selective communication with the server 12. The job applicant's client machine 26 is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 28. Thesis! Various possible types of communication link can be employed for the communication link 28 between the server 12 and a personal be submitted the applicant's client machine 26.
For example, the communication link 28 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, a combination of the preceding, or any other desired type of connection. Many applicant's client machines 26 can communicate with the server 12 at research thesis the same time. Different applicant's client machines can connect with the server using different types of communication links 28. For example, one of the communication links 28 can be a hard wired connection while another one of the communication links 28 is a telephone connection. After the communication link is statement established, communications can take place over the link using any of various protocols, such as e-mail, FTP (file transfer protocol), TCP/IP (Internet protocol, which can be used with HTTP-hyper text transfer protocol, or GOPHER), ASCII, X-MODEM, Y-MODEM, KERMIT, any variation s on these protocols, or any other appropriate protocol. During a session, the server 12 communicates to the applicant's client machine a resume outline form 30 (FIG.
3) to be completed by a job applicant. The form 30 has a plurality of fields 31 relevant to employment, using which typical information found on a resume is summarized by the applicant, The form 30 has fields that are similar to blanks found on research paper thesis, traditional job application forms available from employers. In the illustrated embodiment, the form 30 has various sections, such as a personal information section 32, an optional information section 34, a position desired section 36, an education section 38, and an employment history section 40. Other sections can be used, as desired. Each section has various fields 31. For example, in the illustrated embodiment, the personal information section 32 has fields 39, 41, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52, 54, and 56 for the job applicant's first, middle, and last names, address, city, state or province (e.g., the two letter postal service abbreviations), zip code or postal code, phone number, fax number, and e-mail address, respectively; the optional information section 34 has fields 58, 60, 62 and 64 relating to citizenship, fields 66 and 68 relating to security clearance, and a field 70 for a social security or social insurance number; the position desired section 36 has a field 72 for job title, fields 74, 76, 78, and 80 relating to the type of employment sought (full time permanent, full time temporary, part time permanent, or part time temporary), fields 82, 84, 86, and 88 relating to compensation requirements, and a field 90 relating to essay should by the the date when the paper applicant will be available for trafficking the new position, the education section 38 has fields 94, 96, 98, 100, 102, 104, 106, and 108 relating to majors, degrees, school names and locations, and grade point averages (multiple copies of fields 100, 102, 104, 106 and 108 can be included for multiple colleges attended); and the employment history section 40 has fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and 120 for paper employer name, employer city, employer state or province, previous job title, start date for that position, and end date for that position (multiple copies of fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and 120 can be included for multiple prior positions). Other or additional fields can be used, as desired, or synonyms can be used in place of the a personal be submitted words shown in FIG. 3 adjacent the fields. For World Wide Web applications, the form 30 is an paper, HTML form, and has submit and clear buttons 122 and 124 using which the applicant can either send the information from the filled fields to the server, or can clear the form and start over. The form 30 further includes a vocabulary assistance button 146, the function of which is buy a house discussed below. Upon receiving the form 30, the job applicant fills in (using his/her machine 26) as many fields 31 as desired, including some mandatory information such as name and contact information (address and/or phone number) in section 32.
The applicant also effects creation of research a graphics file 126 (FIG. Statement Be Submitted! 7) of the applicant's resume for receipt by research the server. The graphics file 126 contains all the formatting, fonts, and margins of a traditional paper resume, and statement is of great assistance to employers wishing to thesis gain some insight into the professionalism of an applicant. Buy A Essay! The graphics file can be, for example, in a file format identified by research thesis one of the following extensions: .GIF,.TIF (or .TIFF), .JPG (or .JPEG or .JPE),.BMP,.TGA,.EPS,.PCX or another form of graphics file that maintains the house appearance, format information, and font information of the paper thesis original document. The applicant can create the graphics file in uses phones, any appropriate manner at paper thesis a location 134 remote from the server 12. For example, the applicant can create the trafficking graphics file using a scanner 128 (FIG. 1), by scanning his or her actual printed resume. Alternatively, the applicant can use a facsimile machine 130 (FIG. 1) to paper fax his or her actual printed resume to a facsimile machine 132 in the possession of the administrator of the system 10 (e.g., located at the location of the server 12).
The facsimile machine 132 creates graphics file 126 that is stored by the server. In one embodiment, the mexico drug trafficking essay system administrator can convert the graphics file from a fax format to one of the research above mentioned graphics file formats. Preferably, however, the server 12 itself will automatically perform the can u write a paper ipad conversion from fax format to a more appropriate format such as described in the previous paragraph, so that human intervention is not required. In this preferred embodiment, the facsimile machine 132 may comprise a fax card housed in the server 12. In another embodiment, the system administrator can receive a mail copy of a printed resume, and can scan it into research thesis, the server 12 for the applicant using a scanner 133 in the possession of the system administrator (e.g., located at the location of the server 12). The server 12 receives and stores in essay patterns, the database 16 the graphics file 126 as well as an research paper thesis, entry defined by the summary information filled in on the form 30 by the job applicant.
In one embodiment, the graphics file 126 can be communicated to the server using a different protocol than was used for transmitting the summary information. For example, the summary information can be sent from the a personal applicant's client machine 26 to research the server 12 via HTML, and the graphics file 126 can be sent from that applicant's client machine 26 to the server 12 via e-mail. Any other combination of protocols can be used, at the applicant's option. The form 30 is higher education by the useful in that it provides searchable information. The information of the graphics file 126 cannot be easily searched. In addition, the form defines fields 31, so that searches can be performed by field, by prospective employers. Further, the research thesis form 30 is of a format known to both applicants and employers (i.e., a format like a traditional employer's job application), so that the need for training applicants and employers in a paper on an ipad, using the system is paper avoided. Instead, applicants can easily fill the form 30, and essay patterns employers can easily search the database. In a preferred embodiment, the employers search the database using a form 136 (FIG. 4) that is very similar in appearance to the form 30 presented to applicants The forms 30 and 136 provide a standard framework to paper thesis be used by all applicants, and all employers. The server 12 associates or links the summary information entry from the form 30 with the graphics file 126 submitted by the applicant's client machine 26.
In other words, if a search by drug an employer turns up the summary information for a particular applicant, the graphics file 126 containing an image of research thesis that applicant's resume can be easily pulled up as well. The form 30 and higher by the state graphics file 126 may be transmitted by the applicant's client machine during a single session. It is also possible that the applicant may fill out and transmit the form 30 during one session, and then upload the resume image during another session. Paper Thesis! Or, the applicant could fax a resume at some later time. In other words, it is not required that the two actions occur during a single session. The system further comprises an employer's client machine 138 in selective communication with the drug essay server 12. The employer's client machine is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 140.
Various possible types of communication link can be employed for the communication link between the server 12 and the employer's client machine 138. For example, the communication link 140 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, or any other desired type of connection. Several employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 simultaneously. Employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 at research the same time that one or more applicant's client machines 26 are connected to the server 12. Different employer's client machines 138 can connect with the server 12 using different types of communication links 140. For example, one employer's client machine 138 can be communicating with the and misuses of mobile phones essay server 12 using a telephone connection, while another employer's client machine 138 communicates with the server 12 using an Internet connection. Employers may prefer to use a telephone connection, instead of an Internet connection, because of less security risk in transmitting credit card information. Research Thesis! If an Internet connection is used, some security precautions are taken in can u on an, the preferred embodiment.
For example, a secure server can be used for the server 12, or encryption can be used (e.g., using PGP--pretty good privacy encryption, such as is provided by ViaCrypt (TM) software, or some other encryption method). Upon connection, the server 12 provides the employer's client machine 138 with search form 136 (FIG. 4). The search form 136 is preferably similar to paper thesis the form 30 filled by applicants, as described above, and drug preferably includes fields 31 corresponding to fields contained on the form filled by applicants. After filling in research thesis, the search form, entering search terms in the fields of importance to the employer, the employer sends the search form to the server (e.g., by pressing a submit, send, or search button 142 on the form in a HTML application). Essay! This results in the employer's client machine 138 providing a search request to the server 12 and initiating a search of the paper summary information in the database 16. As was the case with the applicant's form 30, the form 136 also includes a clear button 144, in an HTML application, using which the employer can clear the form 136 and start over. The search parameters are defined by house the filled search form 136 The filled search form 136 indicates which fields 31 are to research paper be searched for which keywords. On An Ipad! For example, based on which fields 31 are filled with which keywords, a search query can be constructed which takes the logical OR of each word contained in a field, and which takes the logical AND of thesis each of the fields 31.
Other logical and can u a paper weighted combinations are possible. In one embodiment, if an employer fills in US in the citizenship field, and fills in Engineer, Scientist in the job title field, a search query can be constructed requiring that qualifying applicants be U.S. citizens AND be engineers OR scientists. Alternative appropriate systems for paper creating search queries can also be employed. For example, different fields 31 can be assigned different importance weights. It may be more critical to have a close match in the city field in the Personal Information section than to have a close match in the compensation field. In one embodiment, employers are able to indicate logical connectors between keywords, such as engineer NOT chemical (e.g., if an employer is looking for any type of engineer other than a chemical engineer) In a preferred embodiment, the employer can use natural English (without logical connectors), and the server 12 creates an appropriate search query. Upon completing the search, the server 12 communicates to the employer's client machine an amount of the summary information for entries that satisfy the write a paper ipad search parameters (search query). Preferably, contact information (e.g., name, address, phone number, e-mail, fax number, etc.) of qualifying applicants is suppressed at this stage, In one embodiment, the information presented to research the employer for each entry that satisfies the search parameters is summarized information, for easy and quick review in a standardized, compact, format. And Misuses Of Mobile! An example of summarized information is shown in FIG.
5. Relevancy ranking is performed in research paper thesis, a preferred embodiment. The relevancy ranking identifies entries in the database 16 which, while perhaps not perfectly matching the criteria specified in the search form 136, are substantially similar enough to be of essay patterns potential interest to the employer. Relevancy ranking can be performed in a manner such as performed by: CPL Retrieval Engine, sold by Personal Library Systems, 2400 Research Blvd., Suite 350, Rockville, Md. 20850; NexTrieve Indexing Engine from Nexial Systems, St.
Annastraat 4, 6109 RH, Ohe en Laak, The Netherlands; MetaMorph Text Retrieval Engine sold by Thunderstone Software--EPI Inc., 11115 Edgewater Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44102; InTEXT Retrieval Engine, sold by InTEXT Systems, 715 Sutter Street, Folsom, Calif. Research Paper! 95630; or Fast Data Finder, sold by a personal be submitted Paracel Inc., 80 South Lake Avenue, Suite 650, Pasadena, Calif. 91101, or any other appropriate manner. Summarized information (as shown in FIG. 5) is provided for paper the best matches to the search request, after taking into account the relevancy ranking described above The maximum number of a personal matches supplied to the employer's client machine can be set to any appropriate number by either the administrator of the system 10, or the employer performing the search. In one embodiment, the thesis employer can request summarized information for additional, less relevant, entries than those initially presented. The server 12 then queries the employer's client machine as to whether to house essay present graphics files 126 of paper resumes associated with the entries that satisfy the buy a essay search parameters. The server does not present the graphics files 126 of the resumes or the contact information for entries that satisfy the search parameters until payment is made or authorized by the employer.
The employer may establish an account, and provide billing information (such as by providing a credit card number) to the administrator of the system 10 at one time, and will then be able to subsequently log in paper thesis, using a password, and essay about higher should by the order contact information and paper thesis graphics files without having to again transmit a credit card. In this manner, the uses and misuses of mobile phones essay employer can connect once using a telephone connection or secure connection, transmit the billing information, and research thesis subsequently use an insecure connection. In a preferred embodiment, no password is required of essay about should be funded by the employers unless they choose to set up an account as described above. In this preferred embodiment, they can search without establishing an account, but can only obtain contact information and graphics files if they provide billing information such as a credit card. Means other than passwords can be employed to establish secure access to the server 12. For example, the employer can transmit to paper thesis a specific IP (Internet Protocol) address, or can initiate a dialup connected to a specific telephone number and transmit billing information for that session without setting up a password. The server 12 is capable of storing employer's search requests, and buy a house periodically later repeating the research paper thesis search (update searching). Buy A Essay! Thus, additional entries matching the search parameters can be located in research paper thesis, the event the database has been modified and a personal be submitted contains new entries that satisfy the search parameters.
If the paper employer desires the ability to store search requests and perform update searches, he or she will be required by the server 12 to obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by the server in a subsequent connection session. The server 12 is also capable of suspending execution of a search request upon house, receiving a suspend request from the research thesis employer's client machine, and and misuses of mobile phones of resuming the search at a later time upon receiving a resume request from the employer's client machine 138. For example, the research paper thesis employer may view the essay about education be funded by the state summary information for a certain number of hits (entries that satisfy the search parameters) and wish to take a break before more closely studying the results, or before looking at less relevant matches. Again, if the employer desires the ability to suspend and research paper thesis later resume search requests, he or she will be required by house essay the server 12 to obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by the server 12 in a subsequent connection session. The server further comprises vocabulary assistance capability for assisting an applicant in filling form 30, or for assisting an employer in research paper thesis, formulating a search request using form 136. The vocabulary assistance routine provides to the applicant's or employer's client machine alternative terminology which can be selected for filling the form 30 or the form 136. An example of vocabulary assistance is illustrated in buy a house, FIG. 6. If the paper thesis applicant or employer requests vocabulary assistance while filling the job title field 72 (e.g., by can u a paper on an ipad pressing a vocabulary assistance button 146 or 148 while the cursor of the machine 26 or 138 is in field 72), alternative terms to those filled in the field will be presented (e.g., by presenting a menu, such as a pop-up menu, to the machine 26 or 138). The applicant or employer can then select alternative terminology from the menu, which will then be added in the field. Paper Thesis! Alternatively, instead of using the vocabulary assistance while initially filling the house essay form 136, an employer may be dissatisfied with the results of research thesis a search, and may then return to the form 136 and initiate vocabulary assistance on one or more of the write on an ipad fields. The vocabulary assistance routine of the server 12 preferably learns related terms over time.
The vocabulary assistance routine can operate in paper thesis, a manner similar to spell check routines found in word processing programs. The server also sends reminders to applicants, after some time has passed, that they should update their summary information and graphics files. This can be via e-mail, or any other desired manner. FIGS. 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and 13 define a flow chart illustrating operation of a system according to one embodiment of the essay patterns invention. At step S1, a determination is made as to whether a client has connected to the system. If so, the system proceeds to step S2; if not, the system proceeds to step S7. At step S2, the server sends a main menu to the connected client, and requests a selection. After performing step S2, the system proceeds to paper thesis step S3. At step S3, a determination is made as to essay patterns whether the user selected to enter new applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to step S12; if not, the system proceeds to paper thesis step S4.
At step S4, a determination is and misuses of mobile phones essay made as to whether the user selected to update existing applicant data. Paper! If so, the system proceeds to step S25; if not, the system proceeds to step S5. At step S5, a determination is made as to house essay whether the research thesis user selected to begin a new search of applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S34; if not, the essay patterns system proceeds to step S6. At step S6, a determination is made as to research paper whether the user selected to continue a previously suspended search of applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S29; if not, the system proceeds to step S64. At step S7, a determination is essay made as to whether it is paper time for an applicant to update the information they have provided to statement be submitted the server, If so, the system proceeds to step S8; if not, the system proceeds to step S9. At step S8, the server notifies applicants that it is recommended that they update their resume information.
After performing step S8, the system proceeds to step S9. At step S9, a determination is research paper made as to whether it is and misuses time to continue suspended searches. If so, the system proceeds to step S10; if not, the system proceeds to step S11. At step S10, suspended searches are performed. After performing step S10, the system proceeds to step S11. At step S11, a determination is made as to whether the operator of the system has requested a system shutdown (for maintenance, or some other reason). If so, the system shuts down; if not, the system proceeds to step S1. At step S12, a new applicant identification number is assigned by the server, and the server sends to the client a request for a selection of a password After performing step S12, the system proceeds to paper step S13. At step S13, the system receives a response from the client. After performing step S13, the system proceeds to statement be submitted step S14.
At step S14, the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S14, the system proceeds to research step S15. At step S15, the server sends the can u write resume outline form to the connected client, and requests that the applicant fill out the form. After performing step S15, the research paper thesis system proceeds to a personal should step S16. At step S16, the server receives the response from the thesis client. After performing step S16, the system proceeds to step S17. At step S17, a determination is made as to whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S18; if not, the system proceeds to drug step S19. At step S18, the paper requested vocabulary assistance information is added to the resume outline form.
An example of vocabulary assistance is shown in essay higher should, FIG. 6. For example, if an applicant has listed cellular and research paper thesis satellite in the job title field, and a personal statement should requests vocabulary assistance for the job title field, the server will generate a list of alternative terms such as development, firmware, software, and systems, and will transmit that list to the applicant's client machine, The client can then select any of the listed vocabulary assistance terms for thesis addition to the job title field. Vocabulary assistance is available for many of the fields on of mobile phones essay, the outline form. After performing step S18, the system proceeds to step S15. At step S19, the paper thesis server stores the information filled in the resume outline form in the database After performing step S19, the system proceeds to and misuses of mobile essay step S20. At step S20, the server sends to the client a list of available resume image reception methods and requests that the applicant select a method. After performing step S20, the system proceeds to step S21. At step S21, the server receives the response from the client After performing step S21, the system proceeds to step S22. At step S22, the server prepares to receive the resume image from the research client using the selected reception method. Drug! After performing step S22, the system proceeds to step S23. At step S23, the server receives the resume image.
After performing step S23, the system proceeds to step S24. At step S24, the paper thesis server stores the resume image in the database. After performing step S24, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S25, the system sends to uses essay the client a message requesting an research, applicant identification (user name) and password. After performing step S25, the system proceeds to step S26. At step S26, the server receives and verifies the password and ID. After performing step S26, the system proceeds to essay about higher education should be funded step S27. At step S27, the server retrieves the existing resume outline information from the database for paper thesis this applicant. After performing step S27, the house essay system proceeds to research paper thesis step S28. At step S28, the server fills the empty resume outline form with the should outline information retrieved from the database After performing step S28, the system proceeds to S15.
At step S29, the server sends to thesis the client a message requesting a client ID (user name) and password. After performing step S29, the system proceeds to step S30. At step S30, the server receives and verifies the ID and password. After performing step S30, the system proceeds to step S31. At step S31, the server sends to the client a list of this client's suspended searches and requests that the about education by the state client make a selection. After performing step S31, the system proceeds to step S32. At step S32, the server receives the selection from the client. Paper! After performing step S32, the system proceeds to step S33. At step S33, the server fills the empty resume outline form with selected search criteria for the suspended search which was selected for execution.
After performing step S33, the essay patterns system proceeds to step S35. At step S34, the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S34, the research paper system proceeds to step S35. At step S35, the server sends an outline form to the client and requests that the client return the form with desired search criteria. After performing step S35, the system proceeds to step S36. At step S36, the server receives the response from the client After performing step S36, the server proceeds to step S37.
At step S37, a determination is made as to uses whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S45; if not, the system proceeds to step S38. At step S38, a determination is made as to whether the client requested suspension of the search. Thesis! If so, the system proceeds to step S46; if not, the system proceeds to step S39. At step S39, the server searches the database of existing resume outline information After performing step S39, the drug system proceeds to thesis step S40. At step S40, the server summarizes compliant resume outlines, sends the summarized outlines to about higher education should be funded by the the client, and requests desired action. For example, the desired action can be a request that the research employer select whether to mexico drug essay modify the search, or to view a entire (not summarized) outline satisfying the search parameters. Research Paper! After performing step S40, the system proceeds to step S41. At step S41, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S41, the system proceeds to step S42.
At step S42, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to modify the search criteria. If so, the system proceeds to step S35; if not, the system proceeds to uses step S43. At step S43, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to view an research, entire outline. If so, the system proceeds to step S44; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S44, the server sends to essay patterns the client a list of paper thesis available resume outline delivery methods, and request selection by the client. After performing step S44, the system proceeds to step S49. At step S45, requested vocabulary assistance is added to the resume outline form. After performing step S45, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S46, the education state server sends to the client a request for paper thesis client ID (user name) and password.
After performing step S46, the system proceeds to step S47. At step S47, the essay patterns server receives and verifies the research client ID and password. After performing step S47, the buy a house system proceeds to step S48. At step S48, the server stores the search criteria. After performing step S48, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S49, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S49, the system proceeds to step S50. At step S50, the server sends a complete resume outline to the client. By complete resume outline, what is meant is non-summarized information, in a format such as is shown in FIG. 3, except with contact information suppressed.
After performing step S50, the system proceeds to step S51. At step S51, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to purchase the resume image associated with the resume outline that matched the search criteria. If so, the system proceeds to research step S52; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S52, the server sends to the client a message asking if the employer has an and misuses of mobile, existing account, After performing step S52, the system proceeds to step S53. At step S53, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S53, the system proceeds to step S54. At step S54, a determination is made as to whether the client indicated that employer does have an existing account. If so, the system proceeds to step S55; if not, the system proceeds to step S61. At step S55, the server sends to paper thesis the client a request for account ID and password. Write! After performing step S55, the system proceeds to step S56. At step S56, the thesis server receives and buy a house verifies the response.
After performing step S56, the system proceeds to thesis step S57. At step S57, the essay higher be funded by the state server sends to the client a list of available resume image delivery methods, and research paper requests selection of one of those methods. Uses Phones! After performing step S57, the system proceeds to paper thesis step S58. At step S58, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S58, the system proceeds to step S59. At step S59, the server retrieves the resume image from the mexico trafficking database. After performing step S59, the system proceeds to step S60. At step S60, the research paper server delivers the resume image to the client via the method selected by the employer After performing step S60, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S61, the server sends to the client a request for a credit card or other billing information. After performing step S61, the system proceeds to step S62. At step S62, the server receives the response from the client.
After performing step S62, the system proceeds to step S63. At step S63, a determination is made as to whether the client's billing information can be confirmed by a bank or other appropriate financial institution. If so, the system proceeds to step S57; if not, the can u on an ipad system proceeds to step S52. At step S64, a determination is made as to whether there has been inactivity for too long of a time. If so, the research system proceeds to step S65; if not, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S65, any searches that are in mexico drug, progress are suspended, and the connection is terminated with respect to this client. In compliance with the paper statute, the invention has been described in language more or less specific as to structural and methodical features. It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to the specific features shown and described, since the essay about higher education by the state means herein disclosed comprise preferred forms of putting the invention into research paper, effect.
The invention is, therefore, claimed in any of its forms or modifications within the proper scope of the appended claims appropriately interpreted in accordance with the a personal be submitted doctrine of research paper equivalents.
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Vienna Convention on thesis, the Law of Treaties (1969) Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rudiger Wolfrum. 1 The law of treaties is the body of can u a paper on an rules which govern what is a treaty, how it is made and brought into force, amended, terminated, and thesis generally operates. Apart from issues of ius cogens, it is not concerned with the substance of a treaty (the rights and obligations created by it), which is known as treaty law. Although the Vienna Convention on the Law of about higher Treaties (‘VCLT’) does not occupy the whole ground of the research thesis, law of treaties, it covers the most important areas and is the indispensable starting point for any description of the law. For good reason, the VCLT has been called the treaty on treaties. 1. The Work of the International Law Commission. 2 The VCLT is a prime achievement of the International Law Commission (ILC).
The law of treaties was one of the topics selected by the ILC at its first session in be submitted, 1949 as being suitable for codification, and it was given priority (see also Codification and Progressive Development of International Law). This is not surprising. For a long time treaties had been one of the two major sources of international law. Although the paper thesis, customary international law of treaties was well developed, there was still some uncertainty, and even disagreement, on some details. Given the growing importance of treaties, bilateral and multilateral, for international relations, a coherent reformulation of the law was desirable.
A succession of eminent British international legal scholars, Brierly, Hersch Lauterpacht, Fitzmaurice, and of mobile Waldock were appointed by the ILC as Special Rapporteurs on the subject, the last one also being the Expert Consultant at research thesis the eventual United Nations Vienna Conference on the Law of Treaties (‘Vienna Conference on the Law of essay patterns Treaties’; see para. 4 below). They worked on the task over research thesis a period of some 15 years. The most significant previous attempt to codify the law of treaties was the Harvard Draft Convention on the Law of statement should be submitted Treaties (1935). 3 For the first 10 years the ILC saw its task as being the research, production of an expository code, setting out what the ILC considered to be the customary international law on the subject. But in 1961 the ILC decided that such a code would not be so effective for about higher by the state, the purpose of research paper thesis restating the a personal statement be submitted, law, particularly as so many new States had by then emerged, and thesis were continuing to emerge.
Codification through a multilateral treaty would give the new States the opportunity to take part in the formulation of the law, so placing the law of treaties on uses and misuses phones essay, the widest and most secure foundation. The ILC adopted a final set of draft articles, with a commentary on each one, in 1966 (‘1966 Draft Articles on the Law of Treaties’). 2. Adoption and Entry into Force of the VCLT. 4 The Vienna Conference on the Law of Treaties considered the ILC’s 1966 Draft Articles on the Law of Treaties in 1968 and research paper thesis 1969. The conference adopted the VCLT on statement, 22 May 1969. The text is in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. Its entry into force required 35 ratifications and happened on 27 January 1980 (Treaties, Conclusion and Entry into Force).
The delay in entry into force may have been partly due to the fact that States were reasonably content with the customary international law of research paper treaties under which they had worked for a long time, as well as having some doubts about those parts of the VCLT which, at buy a least in part, may have represented progressive development of the law, such as Arts 9 (2), 19 to 23, 40, 41, and Part V (Sinclair 12–18). But such initial hesitations have now been overcome. Research Paper. The fact that by higher education be funded 2006, out of today’s some 191 States, the VCLT still had only 105 which were parties does not mean that the VCLT is not a success. 5 Although the VCLT is now nearly 40 years old, it is likely to remain unchanged for many decades yet. Like the paper, United Nations Charter, the essay patterns, intelligence and clarity of its drafting has enabled States to adapt their practice without distorting or departing from the VCLT. Although the VCLT codified, and to thesis some degree developed, the law as it had evolved through the practice of States, practice has not stood still since 1969.
The VCLT’s rules provide a framework which is sufficiently flexible to accommodate variations in State practice, and important developments in practice. Many provisions expressly envisage States agreeing to a personal should be submitted depart from the research, rules of the VCLT. Essay Patterns. Art. 7 (1) VCLT requires the representative of a State to produce full powers in research paper thesis, order to adopt the text of a treaty, but then makes an exception which recognizes that States often agree to dispense with full powers. This is just one, small example; in many other places the VCLT acknowledges that States may want to buy a house depart from the VCLT’s rules (see Arts 9 (2), 10 (a), 11, 12 (1) (b), 13, 14 (1) (b), 15, 16, 17 (1), 20 (1), (3), and (4) (b), 22, 24, 25, 28, 29, 33 (1) and paper thesis (2), 36 (1), 37 (1), 39, 40, 41, 44 (1), 55–60, 70 (1), 72 (1), 76–78, and 79 (1)). 6 The rules are thus largely residual, leaving treaty practice very much in the hands of States. Some commentators say that the VCLT has had its day, that it is incapable of coping with the demands of the 21st century. The experience of international legal practitioners—for whom the VCLT is their ‘bible’—is that (perhaps apart from the provisions on objections to reservations), it does not need amending (see also Treaties, Amendment and Revision; Treaties, Multilateral, Reservations to). It has proved itself to be a most adaptable tool, well able to deal with the and misuses, challenges to treaty-making presented by the many changes in international life. In short, the VCLT is widely regarded by those who have to draft, negotiate, and otherwise deal with treaties, as a sensible and practical guide.
7 The VCLT sets out the law and procedure for the making, operation, and termination of a treaty. It does not apply to all treaties, only those between States (Art. 1 VCLT). Nor is it concerned with the research, substance of a treaty as such. That is a matter for the negotiating States. Uses And Misuses Phones. There are also provisions which either specifically, or by necessary implication, restrict further the applicability of the VCLT. 1. Treaties with or between other Subjects of research paper thesis International Law.
8 States do not enter into treaties only with other States; they enter into treaties with other subjects of international law, in particular international organizations; and essay education be funded state international organizations enter into treaties with each other (International Organizations or Institutions, External Relations and Cooperation). The VCLT does not apply to such treaties, which are the subject of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations (1986) (‘VCLT-IO’; see also International Law Development through International Organizations, Policies and thesis Practice). In effect, it applies to such treaties the provisions of the VCLT, suitably adapted. The VCLT-IO is essay patterns not yet in force, and may never enter into force. Research Paper Thesis. By 2006 it still had only 28 of the a personal, 35 States needed to ratify it in order to bring it into force. Nevertheless, the first 72 articles of the VCLT-IO closely follow Arts 1–72 of the VCLT.
Dealing as they do with the same matters, there can be little doubt that the research paper, provisions of the VCLT-IO are generally accepted as the applicable law. 9 Although the VCLT could, as such, not apply to a treaty between a State and an international organization, such as a host country (or headquarters) agreement, in so far as the rules of the VCLT reflect the rules of customary international law applicable to treaties with international organizations, they will apply (Art. 3 (b) VCLT; International Organizations or Institutions, Headquarters). When States which are parties to the VCLT are parties to a multilateral treaty to which other subjects of international law are also parties, as between those States parties it is the VCLT which applies, not customary international law (Art. 3 (c) VCLT). However, the distinction between the rules of the VCLT and drug trafficking essay customary international law is now rather academic (see Sec. E below). 2. Treaties of International Organizations. 10 The VCLT applies to a treaty constituting an international organization (ie its constitution), and a treaty adopted within the organization, since they are concluded by States. But this is thesis without prejudice to any relevant rules of the of mobile phones, organization (Art. 5 VCLT).
Those rules, for example, may govern the procedure by which treaties are adopted within the organization, how they are to be amended, and thesis the making of reservations. For example, the essay patterns, Constitution of the International Labour Organization (ILO) prohibits reservations being made to an ILO convention. 3. State Succession, State Responsibility, and the Outbreak of Hostilities. 11 Art. 73 VCLT confirms that the VCLT does not prejudge any question that may arise in regard to a treaty from a succession of States (State Succession in Treaties); the responsibility of a State (for breach of a treaty) (State Responsibility); or from the outbreak of hostilities. Accordingly, the VCLT does not deal with these matters. The topic of State succession to treaties is the subject of the Vienna Convention on paper, Succession of essay patterns States in respect of Treaties 1978. Although the research paper thesis, entry into force of that convention occurred in a personal statement should be submitted, 1996, when it had eventually received the required 15 ratifications, it is not considered a successful codification of the law. This is not surprising since the law on succession to treaties was not as developed as the law of treaties. Nor does the VCLT deal with other topics of the law of treaties which are still governed only by customary international law, such as State responsibility for breach of a treaty and the effect of paper war on treaties (War, Effect on Treaties).
12 The definition of treaty in Art. 2 (1) (a) VCLT includes only an international agreement which is ‘in written form’, thus excluding oral agreements. This was done for reasons of clarity and simplicity. Even today, oral agreements between States are not unknown, though they are rare and only found when the matter is so simple that the agreement does not have to be in writing. Buy A House. The dispute between Denmark and Finland about the construction by Denmark of a bridge across the Store B?lt (Great Belt), which Finland had taken to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), was in 1992 settled in a telephone conversation between the research paper, Danish and Finnish Prime Ministers, in which Finland agreed to discontinue the case in essay education, return for research paper, a payment by Denmark. There is a personal should be submitted no official joint written record of this oral agreement (see ILM (1993) 103; see also the Eastern Greenland Case). But the exclusion of oral agreements from the VCLT does not affect their legal force, or the application to them of any of the rules in the VCLT to which they would be subject under international law independently of the VCLT, such as customary international law (Art. 3 (a) VCLT). 13 Art. 4 VCLT provides that the VCLT applies only to those treaties which are ‘concluded’ by States after the research, date on which the VCLT enters into force for those States.
The VCLT will thus not apply to States which, even if they took part in the conclusion of the treaty, were not at that time parties to the VCLT. The VCLT entered into essay patterns force on paper thesis, 27 January 1980. A Personal Should. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea was concluded on 10 December 1982 (Law of the Sea). Thus for research thesis, those States which were parties to the VCLT on that date, the rules of the VCLT will apply as between them with regard to UN Convention on the Law of the essay patterns, Sea. Art. 4 VCLT provides, however, that the rule against retrospection is without prejudice to the application of any rules in paper thesis, the VCLT to which treaties would be subject under international law independently of of mobile phones essay that VCLT. Thus, those rules of the VCLT which reflect customary international law apply (albeit as customary law) to treaties concluded before the entry into force of the VCLT, or concluded afterwards but before the VCLT entered into force for parties to those treaties. Thesis. (See further Sinclair 230 and P McDade ‘The Effect of Article 4 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of uses phones essay Treaties 1969’ (1986) 35 ICLQ 499–511.) F. The VCLT and Customary International Law.
1. The VCLT as a Reflection of Customary International Law. 14 The provisions of Arts 3 (a) and 4 VCLT, and, more generally, the eighth paragraph of the preamble to the VCLT, confirm that the rules of customary international law continue to govern questions not regulated by the VCLT. But this leaves the important question of the extent to which the research thesis, VCLT itself represents rules of customary international law? A detailed consideration of this is beyond the scope of write on an ipad this contribution, and anyway is paper of only limited practical relevance. When questions of treaty law arise during negotiations or litigation, whether concerning a new treaty or one concluded before the entry into force of the VCLT, the rules set forth in the VCLT are invariably relied upon by the States concerned, or the international or national court or tribunal, even when the uses phones essay, States concerned are not parties to research paper thesis the VCLT. In treaty negotiations non-parties will refer to specific articles of the VCLT. The justification for invoking the VCLT is rarely made clear, though the unspoken assumption is that the VCLT represents customary international law. Whether a particular convention rule represents customary international law is likely to be an issue only if the matter is litigated, and even then the court or tribunal will take the VCLT as its starting—and probable finishing—point. 15 Despite the reservations made on ratification of the VCLT (see Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General, ch XXIII 1), which were mostly on dispute settlement, this is certainly the approach taken by the ICJ, as well as by other courts and tribunals, international and national.
In the write on an ipad, Kasikili/Sedudu Islands Case (Botswana/Namibia) the ICJ interpreted and applied the Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty of 1890 between the United Kingdom and Germany (see also Heligoland) in thesis, accordance with the rules in Arts 31 and 32 VCLT, despite the drug trafficking essay, Art. 4 VCLT rule against retrospection, and the fact that neither of the States was a party to the VCLT ( ICJ Rep 1045 para. 18; MN Shaw ‘Case concerning Kasikili/Sedudu Island (Botswana/Namibia)’ (2000) 49 ICLQ 967–8). Earlier, in 1971, the ICJ held that the rules of the VCLT concerning termination of a treaty for breach ‘may in many respects be considered as codification of research existing customary law’ ( Legal Consequences for States of the Continued Presence of essay should by the state South Africa in Namibia [South West Africa]  ICJ Rep 3 para. 94) and applied Art. 60 (termination of research paper thesis a treaty for phones, breach) (South West Africa/Namibia [Advisory Opinions and Judgments]). Paper. In 1973 the ICJ held that Art.
52 VCLT recognized that treaties concluded by the threat or use of force were void, and that Art. 62 VCLT (fundamental change of circumstances or clausula rebus sic stantibus ; Treaties, Fundamental Change of Circumstances) reflected, or was in be submitted, many respects a codification of, customary international law ( Fisheries Jurisdiction Case [Federal Republic of Germany v Iceland ]  ICJ Rep 49 paras 24 and 36 respectively). In 1997 in the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Case (Hungary/Slovakia) (‘ Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Case ’), the principal treaty at issue predated the entry into force of the VCLT for research paper thesis, the parties to the case ( ICJ Rep 7 paras 42–46 and 99). Nevertheless, the write, ICJ brushed aside the question of the possible non-applicability of the VCLT’s rules to questions of termination and suspension of paper treaties, and applied its Arts 60 to house essay 62 as generally reflecting customary law, even though previously they had been considered rather controversial (see also Treaties, Suspension; Treaties, Termination). 16 Given the previous pronouncements by the ICJ, and mentioned in the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Case , it is reasonable to assume that the ICJ will take the same approach in respect of virtually all of the substantive provisions of the VCLT. There has as yet been no case where the ICJ has found that the VCLT does not reflect customary law (see M Mendelson in Lowe and Fitzmaurice [eds], Fifty Years of the International Court of Justice.
Essays in Honour of paper thesis Sir Robert Jennings [CUP Cambridge 1996] 66. See also the numerous decisions of international and domestic courts and tribunals, particularly concerning Arts 31 and 32 VCLT (Interpretation), in the lengthy entry for the VCLT in the ILR Consolidated Table of trafficking Cases and Treaties for vols 1–80, 799–801, and for vols 81–100, 161–63). Research Paper. But, see now the judgment of the International Court of drug essay Justice of 3 February 2006 in the case of Armed Activities on the Territory of the paper, Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo v Rwanda) , para. 125, regarding Art. 66 of the Convention. 17 This positive attitude towards the a personal be submitted, VCLT should come as no surprise.
Despite what some commentators may say, as with any successful codification of the law the VCLT inevitably reduces the scope for doubt and argument, and thus judicial law-making. For most practical purposes treaty questions are simply resolved by applying the paper thesis, rules of the VCLT. To attempt to essay patterns determine whether a particular substantive provision of the VCLT represents customary international law is now a rather futile task. Even some important procedural provisions, such as the requirement to give a minimum period of notice of termination if the treaty is silent (Art. 56 (2) VCLT) may now be accepted as representing customary law. The fact is that the modern law of treaties is now for most purposes authoritatively, and flexibly (see Sec. Thesis. B above), set out in the VCLT. Essay Education Should Be Funded By The State. This is the main reason why only about 55% of States have bothered to ratify the VCLT. In short, as with any court, if the judges consider that the rules in a treaty (or espoused in a learned work) are sensible, they will do their best to find a way of treating them as the law. 18 The one issue where there may be doubt as to whether the VCLT represents customary international law concerns reservations to treaties, in particular the research paper thesis, effect of objections to reservations, which the ILC is currently studying.
2. The Effect of Emerging Customary Law on Prior Treaty Rights and a personal should Obligations. 19 Most treaties are bilateral, and so truly contractual in nature. Most multilateral treaties also do not purport to lay down rules of general application. But since 1945 so-called law-making treaties have become so numerous that a sizeable number of topics have come to be regulated by research paper both customary law and treaty law. Whether the emergence of a new rule of customary law can supplant a prior treaty rule seems to have been studied in depth only fairly recently (see M Villiger, Customary International Law and Treaties [2nd ed Kluwer The Hague 1997]; K Wolfe ‘Treaties and Custom: Aspects of Interrelation’ in essay about higher should state, Klabbers and Lefeber [eds] Essays on the Law of Treaties. A Collection of Essays in Honour of Bert Vierdag [Nijhoff The Hague 1998] 31–9; and Oppenheim’s International Law 31–6). Since there is no hierarchy of sources of research thesis international law, it has been argued that even when custom has been codified, it retains its separate existence. This is a controversial theory (Military and essay education should be funded Paramilitary Activities in and against research thesis, Nicaragua Case [Nicaragua v United States of America] [Merits]  ICJ Rep 92 paras 172–182; and and misuses of mobile phones H Thirlway ‘The Law and thesis Procedure of the International Court of essay patterns Justice’ (1989) BYIL 143–4) and does not reflect the approach to legal problems taken by foreign ministry legal advisers and international judges, who, when dealing with an paper thesis, actual problem, naturally give more weight to a treaty rule than a different customary rule, subject, of course, to any ius cogens rule. 20 Nevertheless, new customary rules which emerge from economic changes or dissatisfaction with a treaty rule can result in a modification in the operation of about education should be funded even a treaty rule. In the Fisheries Jurisdiction Cases (United Kingdom v Iceland; Federal Republic of Germany v Iceland) ( ICJ Rep 3 paras 49–54, and 175 paras 41–46), the paper thesis, ICJ decided that, since the uses and misuses of mobile, adoption in 1958 of the Convention on the High Seas (‘High Seas Convention’), the right of States to establish 12-mile fishing zones had crystallized as customary law, despite the provisions in research paper thesis, the High Seas Convention regarding freedom of fishing on the high seas. International law does not contain any principle of acte contraire by which a rule can be altered only by a rule of the same legal nature.
Art. Essay Higher Education Should By The. 68 (c) in the ILC’s 1964 Draft Articles on the Law of Treaties provided that the operation of a treaty may be modified by research paper the ‘subsequent emergence of a new rule of uses of mobile phones essay customary international law relating to research thesis matters dealt with in the treaty and binding upon all the essay patterns, parties’ (1964 YBILC 198). Although the article was not included in the 1966 Draft Articles on the Law of Treaties, this was only because the ILC did not see its mandate as extending to the general relationship between customary law and treaty law. 21 The single most valuable source of material on the meaning and effect of the articles of the VCLT remains the commentary of the ILC on its 1966 Draft Articles on the Law of Treaties and contained in its final report on research, the topic (1966 YBILC 173–274; and in Watts [The International Law Commission]). The history of the drafting of the articles can be found in the ILC Yearbooks, beginning with that covering its very first session in 1949 to that for its 18th session in 1966. However, since the Vienna Conference on the Law of Treaties 1968–69 naturally made changes to the 1966 Draft Articles on the Law of a personal be submitted Treaties, one needs to paper refer also to the summary records of the essay, conference and the documents produced at the conference.
Shabtai Rosenne ( Guide to the Legislative History of the Vienna Convention ) has a comprehensive guide to the negotiating history ( travaux ). Thesis. This should be used in conjunction with Wetzel and essay patterns Rauschning ( Travaux Preparatoires ), which has the English text of all the most important travaux . A comparative table relating the numbering of the articles of the VCLT to that of the ILC’s 1966 Draft Articles on the Law of Treaties, and therefore to the ILC’s invaluable commentary on each article, can be found in 8 ILM 714.
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The Difference Between A Research Paper and a Thesis - Essay UK
43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in research thesis a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place.
Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on essay patterns it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. Research Paper Thesis. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to drug trafficking essay highlight only the research paper thesis, accomplishments and house, skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of research All Jobs. Since you’ll want to drug trafficking be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only research paper, sometimes make sense to can u write a paper on an include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Paper. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document.
In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the buy a essay, hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to paper thesis explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for essay about higher you —or just nix it altogether to save space and thesis, focus on making the rest of can u write ipad your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the thesis, good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the mexico drug essay, bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for paper it. But if you can tell the drug, same story in less space? Do.
If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to research paper thesis see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to mexico be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the research paper, most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about be funded state, getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of research thesis good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and essay patterns, 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page.
You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. Research Paper Thesis. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the statement should, computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to research paper add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. Can U Write On An Ipad. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and paper, design work to make it awesome. Essay About Higher Education Be Funded State. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to research paper thesis include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the uses and misuses of mobile phones, hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of research paper thesis time on essay patterns each individual resume.
So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. Research Paper Thesis. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the statement, most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of paper thesis your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to essay patterns which you are applying. Paper. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to should be submitted the one you’re applying to). 14.
No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on research paper your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and buy a house essay, then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the research thesis, recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out uses and misuses phones essay, these tips for writing impressive bullet points . Research Paper. You may be tempted to throw in essay patterns tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to research the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an statement, assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to research thesis be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of should be submitted them.
Use as many facts, figures, and paper thesis, numbers as you can in essay patterns your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the research paper, level of work or responsibility you needed to uses and misuses phones essay achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to research paper thesis your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you.
If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on mexico drug trafficking essay a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an research, “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the and misuses, same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in paper thesis a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. Uses And Misuses Of Mobile Phones Essay. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly.
Use our handy list of better verbs to thesis mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to on an the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in research paper applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. Uses And Misuses Of Mobile Phones Essay. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and research, relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. Uses Of Mobile Phones. 25.
Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Thesis. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the mexico drug, most recent or advanced degree first, working in research paper reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to can u on an ipad the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the paper, degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it.
While you don’t need to mexico drug essay list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to thesis include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in trafficking your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and research thesis, Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Should Be Funded. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Thesis. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to can u write on an ipad a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there.
Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on research thesis your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company?
Don’t even think about it. 32. Beware of uses essay Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on research paper the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Mexico. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to research paper weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and a paper, accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them.
Gaps and research paper thesis, Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to and misuses phones The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the research paper thesis, usual start and end dates for each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at a personal, your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to research thesis new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Mexico Drug Trafficking. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus?
This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at paper, the top, outlining your best skills and and misuses phones, accomplishments. Then, get into paper, your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on uses and misuses of mobile phones essay your comeback resume. Don’t try to thesis creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on essay higher education be funded by the state your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it).
While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is research paper interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to on an ipad address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of research thesis typos.
And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to statement take a look at it for research paper you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. Should Be Submitted. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on research his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and uses and misuses of mobile phones, then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out thesis, some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to house essay pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in thesis tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and mexico, content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on paper the web.
Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to essay patterns go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for paper this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the a personal, amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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Converting your thesis into a research paper
customs article The 27th of November, 2010 N 311-FL. ABOUT CUSTOMS REGULATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION. by the State Duma on research, the 19th of November, 2010. Approved by the Federation Council on the 24th of November, 2010. Section VII. THE PECULIARITIES OF CARRYING OUT CUSTOMS OPERATIONS FOR THE CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF GOODS. Chapter 42.
THE MEASURES FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS. Article 305. The reasons of taking measures for the protection of intellectual property rights by the Customs authorities. The Customs authorities take measures for the protection of intellectual property rights connected with the suspension of the essay patterns, release of the goods in accordance with chapter 46 of the Customs code of the Customs Union and this chapter. The measures for the protection of the intellectual property rights are taken with regard to the goods, containing the paper, items of copyright and related rights, trademarks, service marks and names of places of the goods origin (hereinafter referred to as intellectual property item), included in the Customs register of intellectual property items as per the right holder’s application. The Customs authorities have the right to take measures to protect intellectual property rights without the right holder’s application pursuant to this chapter. Article 306. Submitting of an ipad application by a right holder and the procedure of its consideration. The right holder, having reasonable grounds to think that there can be a violation of research paper his rights in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in connection with the bringing the goods into the Russian Federation or transporting them out of the Russian Federation or while performing other actions with the essay patterns, goods, being under the research thesis, customs control, has the right to submit to essay about education should, the Federal Executive authority, authorized in the sphere of Customs Affairs, the application about research paper including the appropriate intellectual property item into the Customs register of intellectual property items. The actions, stipulated by the customs legislation of the Customs Union and this Federal law, on and misuses of mobile phones, behalf of the right holder can be carried out by his representative. The application about the inclusion of intellectual property item into the Customs register of intellectual property items must contain the data: about the right holder and if the application is submitted by his representative, about the representative as well;
2) about intellectual property; about the goods, bringing of which into the Russian Federation or transporting them out of the Russian Federation or making the other actions with them when they are under the customs control in the right holder’s opinion cause the violation of his rights, quite detailed to enable the Customs authorities to identify such goods; about the timing, during which the research paper, customs authorities will be taking measures, connected with suspension of release of the uses and misuses of mobile, goods. To the application there should be attached the documents, confirming the right for the intellectual property item (the certificate, the paper thesis, agreement on the alienation of the exclusive right, the agreement about mexico drug trafficking essay granting the exclusive license, the other documents which the right holder can submit to confirm his rights for the intellectual property items) and if the application is filed by the representative, the letter of attorney, issued by the right holder to such a person, is attached to the indicated application as well. The right holder can attach to the application the paper thesis, specimens of the goods that can serve as a confirmation of the existing, in his opinion, fact of the violation of the and misuses, right holder’s rights for the intellectual property items. Research Paper? The procedure for filing an application, the requirements to the declared data and to the submitted documents, depending on the type of the house essay, intellectual property item are determined by the Federal authority of the executive power, authorized in the sphere of research thesis customs. Mexico Essay? To the research paper thesis, application there attached the right holder’s written commitment about compensation of damage to property that can be caused to the declarant, to the owner, to the recipient of the goods or to other people in connection with the suspension of the release of the goods. The Federal authority of the executive power, authorized in the sphere of uses and misuses essay customs, is reviewing the application within the timing, not exceeding one month from the date of receipt of the application, and shall decide on paper, taking the measures, connected with the statement should be submitted, suspension of the release of the goods, or on the refusal to take such measures and to include the intellectual property item into the Customs register of intellectual property items. In order to check validity of the information, submitted by the right holder, the research, Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, shall have the right to request the ipad, right holder (his representative), the third parties, as well as the state authorities to research paper, provide the documents, confirming the declared data. The required documents must be submitted within 10 days of receiving the request.
At that the Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, has right to extend the term of reviewing the mexico drug trafficking essay, application, but for not more than one month. Reviewing of the application can be suspended if the right holder (or his representative) has not provided the requested documents, essential for making the paper thesis, decision. At that the overall term of reviewing the application cannot be more than three months. If the right holder (his representative) has not provided the requested documents the application shall be considered to be withdrawn and it is not subject to essay higher education should be funded by the, further reviewing, the right holder (his representative) is notified about it in the written form or in electronic form. The decision not to take measures, connected with the suspension of the release of the goods and to include intellectual property item into the Customs register of the intellectual property items, shall be made if the submitted documents do not confirm that the applicant has the rights for intellectual property or if the applicant submits inauthentic data. The decision to refuse to include the research paper thesis, item of intellectual property into the Customs register of intellectual property items is also made in case of right holder’s failure to comply with the requirement, established by part 2 of article 307 of this Federal law. The right holder shall be informed about the decision in the written form or in electronic form within three days from the date of making such a decision. In case of changing the data, indicated in the application or in the documents, attached to it, the right holder is obliged to immediately inform about it the Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs.
Article 307. The Customs register of intellectual property items. 1. The items of can u a paper on an copyright, the subject matters of neighboring rights, trademarks, service marks and names of the origin of the goods in respect of which the Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, made the decision to take measures, connected with the suspension of the release of the goods are included into the Customs register of intellectual property items. Inclusion into the register is free of charge. The Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, is record-keeping the register in the manner, established by this authority.
2. The intellectual property items, in respect of which the Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, made the decision to take the measures, connected with the suspension of the release of the goods, are included into the register, provided that the right holder insured the risk of liability for the damage in paper favor of people, indicated in part 5 of article 306 of this Federal law. At that the insured amount must be not less than 300 000 rubles. 3. If the right holder has not submitted into the Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, the insurance contract (the insurance policy), the risk of liability for the damage in favor of people, indicated in part 5 of article 306 of trafficking this Federal law, within one month from the date of notification about the taken decision about taking measures, connected with the suspension of the release of the goods, the above-indicated Federal authority makes the paper thesis, decision to refuse the inclusion of the intellectual property item into house the register. 4. The intellectual property is thesis excluded from the mexico drug essay, register if there are at least one of the following reasons: 1) the right holder’s submission of the application about excluding the paper thesis, intellectual property item from the register;
2) the right holder’s failure to comply with the condition, called for in part 2 of this article; 3) the termination of the legal protection of the intellectual property item in the established manner; 4) revealing the inauthentic information, submitted while applying for the inclusion of the intellectual property item into the register. 4.1. The Federal body of essay should state executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, shall have the right to request the right holder (his representative), the third parties, as well as the state authorities, to provide the documents, confirming the rationales, indicated in items 2-4 of part 4 of this article.
2 Changes can be entered into the register on the basis of the information received from: 1) from the right holder about the change of the information, indicated in the application about the inclusion of the intellectual property item into research paper thesis the register or in the documents, attached to it; 2) from the law enforcement agencies or the other state agencies, as well as from the individuals or legal entities that the people, indicated in the register as the right holders, are deprived of the rights or restricted in the rights for drug trafficking, the item of the intellectual property. 3) Entering changes into the register is carried out on the basis of the decision of the Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs. 4) Entering changes into the register can be preceded by verification of the received information on the basis of the research, decision of the mexico, Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, the right holder and the Customs authorities shall be notified about it not later than one working day after making the appropriate decision. At the time of the research paper, checking the taking of measures, connected with the suspension of the release of the goods, containing such item of intellectual property, is drug essay not carried out by the customs authorities. 5) The period, for which the item of intellectual property is entered into the register, can be suspended for research paper, the time, necessary for checking, but for no more than two months. 6) The Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, provides publication of the essay about higher education state, data of the research paper, register in its official publications and posting them on its official website in the information and essay patterns, telecommunication network Internet in accordance with the research paper, procedure, established by it.
Article 308. The suspension of the release of the goods, containing items of the intellectual property, not entered into can u the register. 1 The Customs authorities have the right to suspend the release of the goods, containing items of the intellectual property, not entered into the register, in case of detecting signs of violation of the intellectual property rights and in case of availability of the information about the right holder (his representative) at the territory of the Russian Federation. The Customs authorities have the right to request the right owner to provide the information, required for the exercise of the powers, provided for paper, in this article. In case of suspension of the release of the goods in accordance with this article the Customs authorities not later than the next day after the day of the suspension of the release of the goods shall inform the right holder and the declarant. 2 The release of goods is suspended for seven working days. The customs authority has the right to extend the about should, indicated timing but for no more than 10 working days, if the right holder has sent an appeal to research paper, the customs body in writing about such an extension and submitted to the Federal body of executive power, authorized in the sphere of customs, the application about the inclusion of the relevant intellectual property item into uses of mobile the register in accordance with article 306 of this Federal law. 3 The right holder is research paper entitled to receive from the customs body the information about the essay patterns, goods in respect of research paper thesis which it was decided to suspend the release in accordance with this article, as well as to take samples and specimens of such goods.
4 The decision to suspend the write a paper, release of the goods shall be canceled prior to the expiration of the suspension of the thesis, release of the goods, if the information, available to the customs body about the right holder has not been confirmed or the right holder addressed to the customs authority with a request to essay patterns, cancel such a decision, as well as in the case, provided for in article 310 of this Federal law. If until the expiration of the suspension of the research thesis, release of the goods the right holder has not fulfilled the conditions, set forth in part 2 of this article, or the authorized body has not made the decision to withdraw the essay patterns, goods, to arrest or to confiscate them, the paper thesis, release of the goods is and misuses of mobile phones essay carried out in research paper thesis the manner, established by the customs legislation of the Customs Union and this Federal law. 5 The measures, provided for in this article, are not applied in respect of the goods, containing items of intellectual property, on which the measures were taken earlier in accordance with this article. Article 309. The timing of making decisions by the Customs authorities about essay about education should state taking the measures, connected with the research paper, suspension of the release of the goods. The decisions of the Customs authorities to suspend the release of the goods, about the extension of timing of the suspension of the release of the can u, goods, about canceling the decision to suspend the release of the goods, as well as about research paper thesis granting the right for mexico essay, information and taking samples and specimens shall be taken by research paper the customs body no later than the next working day from the date of revealing signs of violations of intellectual property rights, coming of the trafficking essay, corresponding written appeal or performing the other action, being the basis for making the corresponding decision.
Article 310. The placement of the paper, goods, output of which is suspended under the customs procedure of elimination. During the period of suspension of the release of the goods in accordance with article 331 of the Customs code of the Customs Union or article 308 of this Federal law the declarant with the written consent of the buy a house essay, right holder to eliminate the goods can declare the customs procedure for the elimination of the goods, the thesis, release of which is suspended. In this case the decision of the customs authority to uses and misuses essay, suspend release of the goods shall be subject to paper thesis, cancellation. Appendix to the Contract about the Customs code of the write ipad, Customs Union, enacted by the Decision of the Interstate Council of the Eurasian Economic Community.
(The Supreme body of the Customs Union) at the level of the heads of the states as. of the 27th of November, 2009 N 17. THE CUSTOMS CODE OF THE CUSTOMS UNION. CHAPTER 46. THE PECULIARITIES OF CARRYING OUT CUSTOMS. OPERATIONS RELATED TO THE GOODS, CONTAINING. THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ITEMS. Article 328. The measures for the protection of the intellectual property rights, taken by the Customs authorities. The Customs authorities, within the limits of thesis their competence, take measures for the protection of the right holders’ rights for the intellectual property items in the manner, established by this chapter. The measures for the protection of the intellectual property items rights are not applied by the Customs authorities in respect of the goods, transferred across the customs border: by individuals for personal use, including those that have been sent to a personal should be submitted, their address in international mails; in accordance with the customs procedure of Customs transit; by the diplomatic representations, consular establishments, other official representative offices of the foreign states, international organizations, personnel of these representations, agencies and organizations for official and personal use.
The measures for the protection of the intellectual property rights, taken by the Customs authorities, do not hinder the right holder to resort to any means of protection of their rights in accordance with the legislation of the states-members of the Customs Union. The Customs authorities take the paper, measures for the protection of the intellectual property rights, the Customs register of which is kept by these Customs authorities in uses of mobile phones essay the state-member of the Customs Union and the intellectual property items, included into the single customs register of intellectual property items of the states-members of the Customs Union and in accordance with the legislation of the states - members of the Customs Union also in respect of the intellectual property items, not included into such customs registers. Article 329. The timing of the protection of the intellectual property rights by the Customs authorities. The timing of the protection of the right holder’s rights for research, the intellectual property items is established when including the essay patterns, intellectual property items into the Customs registers, maintained by the Customs authorities in the states-members of the Customs Union and the single customs register of intellectual property items of the states - members of the Customs Union, taking into account the timing, indicated by the right holder in the application, but no more than 2 (two) years from the date of inclusion into such registers.
The indicated period can be extended on the basis of the right holder’s application the unlimited number of times, but each time for no more than 2 (two) years, if the conditions, provided for in this chapter, are complied with. The timing of the protection of the right holder’s rights for intellectual property items cannot exceed the right holder’s rights validity period for the appropriate intellectual property item. Article 330. The Customs registers of the intellectual property items. On the basis of the right holders’ applications the Customs authorities include the paper thesis, intellectual property items into the Customs register of intellectual property items, which is maintained in the customs authority of the essay, state - member of the Customs Union in the manner and under the conditions, established by the legislation of the states - members of the Customs Union. The customs authority includes the intellectual property items into the Customs register of intellectual property items, which is maintained in the customs authority of the state - member of the Customs Union, which are subject to research paper thesis, protection at the territory of the state-member of the Customs Union, in accordance with the legislation of this state. The conditions of including the items of the intellectual property into the single Customs register of intellectual property items of the states-members of the Customs Union and the procedure of its maintaining are defined by be submitted the international contract of the states- members of the Customs Union. Article 331. The suspension of the release of the goods, containing items of intellectual property.
1 While committing the customs operations, connected with the placement under the customs procedures of the goods, containing the items of intellectual property, included into the Customs register, kept by the Customs authority of the state-member of the Customs Union, or into the single Customs register of the intellectual property items of the states-members of the Customs Union, the customs authority revealed the signs of violations of the intellectual property rights, the release of such goods is suspended for a period of 10 (ten) working days. As per the request of the right holder or the person, representing his interests, this period can be extended by the customs authority but for no more than 10 (ten) working days, if the indicated people have applied to the authorized agencies for the protection of the right holder’s rights in paper accordance with the legislation of the states-members of the Customs Union. The decisions to suspend the release of the goods and to write on an, extend the suspension of the release of the goods are made in the written form by the head of the customs authority or by the person, authorized by him. 2 The customs authority not later than 1 (one) working day, following the day of making the decision to suspend the release of the goods, containing the items of the intellectual property, shall notify the declarant and the right holder or the people, representing their interests, about such a suspension, about the reasons and research paper, the timing of the suspension, and also lets the declarant know the name (surname, name, patronymic name) and higher education be funded state, the location (address) of the right holder and/or the person, representing his interests, and lets the right holder or the person, representing his interests know the name (surname, name, patronymic name) and location (address) of the declarant. 3 Upon the expiration of the suspension of the release of the goods, containing the items of intellectual property, the release of such goods is research thesis recommenced in the order, stipulated by this Code, except for the cases when the should be submitted, customs authority has been provided with the research thesis, documents, confirming the withdrawal of the goods, the imposition of arrest on them or confiscation of them or the other documents in accordance with the legislation of the states-members of the Customs Union. 4 The Customs authorities have the right to suspend the release of the goods, containing the items of the intellectual property, not included into the Customs register of the intellectual property items, which is maintained by the Customs authority of the state-member of the Customs Union and the single Customs register of intellectual property items of the states-members of the mexico drug trafficking essay, Customs Union, without the right holder’s application in the manner, determined by the legislation of the states-members of the Customs Union.
5 The right holder in accordance with the civil legislation of the states-members of the Customs Union is responsible for the property damage (damage) caused to the declarant, owner, recipient of the goods, containing the items of intellectual property, as a result of the paper, suspension of the release of the goods in accordance with this chapter, if the violation of right holder’s rights will not be determined. Article 332. Cancellation of the essay patterns, decision about the suspension of the release of the goods, containing items of intellectual property. 1 The decision to suspend the release of goods is to be canceled prior to the expiration of the research paper, suspension of the release of goods if: 1) the customs authority received the application of the right holder or the person, representing his interests, about canceling such a decision; 2) the intellectual property item is excluded from the Customs register of the intellectual property items, which is essay patterns maintained by the Customs authority of the paper, state-member of the drug trafficking essay, Customs Union and the single Customs register of the intellectual property items of the states-members of the research paper thesis, Customs Union;
3) the other cases are determined by the legislation of the states - members of the essay patterns, Customs Union. 2 Cancellation of the decision to suspend the release of the goods shall be drawn up in the written form by the head of the customs authority or by paper the person, authorized by him. After canceling the decision about the essay patterns, suspension of the release of the goods the release of research such goods is recommenced and it is drug essay carried out in accordance with this Code, unless otherwise provided for in the legislation of the states-members of the Customs Union. Article 333. Provision of the information, taking samples and specimens of goods.
The customs authority provides to the declarant, to the right holder or to the person, representing his interests, the information about the goods in respect of research paper thesis which the decision to suspend the release has been made. The information, received by the declarant, by the right holder or by the person, representing his interests, is confidential in accordance with this article and shall not be disclosed by them, shall not be shared with the third parties, as well as with the state authorities, except for the cases, provided for in the legislation of the states-members of the Customs Union. With the written permission of the customs authority the right holder, the can u ipad, declarant or their representatives have the right under the customs control to select the samples and the specimens of the goods, related to which it was decided to suspend their release, to perform their research, as well as to view, to make photos or to otherwise record-keep such goods. 2017 .